9th Social Science Lesson 19
19] Disaster Management: Responding to Disasters
Book Back Questions with Answer and Do You Know Box Content
Do You Know?
Tsunami: Shortly before 8 am on 26 December 2004, the region fell silence and the ground shook in dismay. The Moken, an isolated tribe on the Andaman Islands in the Indian Ocean, knew that the Laboon, the “wave that eats people”, had stirred from his ocean lair. The Moken also knew what was next: a towering wall of water washing over their island, cleansing it of all that was evil and impure. To heed the Laboon’s warning signs, elders told their children, run to high ground. “If the water recedes after an earthquake, run immediately to high ground”. The tiny Andaman and Nicobar Islands were directly in the path of the tsunami generated by the magnitude 9.1 of earthquake off the coast of Sumatra. Final total put the islands’ death toll at 1,879 alone with another 5,600 people missing. The islanders who had heard the stories about the Laboon or similar mythological figures survived the tsunami essentially unscathed. Most of the casualties that occurred in the Southern Nicobar Islands were outsiders, leaving them with no indigenous tsunami warning system to guide them to higher ground.
Japan is in a very active seismic area and it has the densest seismic network in the world. Which country actually has the most number of earthquakes? Indonesia is in a very active seismic zone also, but because it is larger than Japan, it has more earthquakes. Which countries have the most earthquakes per unit area? This would probably be Tonga, Fiji or Indonesia, since they are all in extremely active seismic areas along subduction zones.
Choose the best answers:
1. One among the following is not the first responder in case of a disaster.
(a) Police officers
(b) Fire fighters
(c) Insurance agents
(d) Emergency medical technicians
2. “Drop, Cover, Hold” is a mock drill avowal for
3. When you happen to see a fire break out, you will make a call to
4. Which of the following statements is untrue?
(a) ” Stop, Drop, Roll” is for fire
(b) “Drop, Cover, Hold” is for an earthquake
(c) “If sea water recedes back, run to higher places” is for flood
(d) “If gunshots are heard, drop to the ground and cover the head with hand” is for riot
5. Which of the following statements belongs to responding to earthquake?
(a) Avoid, any place where police or security forces action is in progress.
(b) Know the height of your street above sea level and the distance of your street from the coast.
(c) Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls and anything that could fall.
(d) Before opening a door, feel it with the back of your hand.
Choose the correct answers:
1. Insurance agents 2. Earthquake 3. 112
4. “If sea water recedes back, run to higher places” is for flood
5. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls and anything that could fall