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Employment in India and Tamil Nadu Book Back Questions 9th Social Science Lesson 27

9th Social Science Lesson 27

27] Employment in India and Tamil Nadu

Book Back Questions with Answer and Do You Know Box Content

In the medieval period, Feroz Shah Thuglaq, the Sultan of Delhi, had set up an “Employment Bureau” to solve the unemployment problem.

Employment in Iruvelpattu: What is happening in the employment scenario can be understood not only from national or state level, but also from the study of the village economy. Iruvelpattu is one such village in Villupuram district in Tamil Nadu. This village has been studied for more than 100 years by many scholars. This village is also called Slater village as Gilbert Slater was the first scholar working in the University of Madras to go with his students to study this village in 1916. Over the years, many scholars surveyed the occupation of villagers and collected many more details of each person in the village. It was clearly observed that the government brought social security awareness among the people of the village through primary health care, provision of schools and maintenance of public distribution system. Though this village underwent many changes, it is still dependent on agriculture as the main occupation. Look at the following table or chart. You will notice that during 1981, out of 100 families, 24% were engaged in non-agricultural labours. In 2008, the member of families engaged in such employment increased to 41%. During 1981-2008, the proportion of families engaged in agriculture has declined from 34% to 26% – both as agriculture labourers and as cultivators.

Choose the best answers:

1. We take age group _____________ years for computation of the workforce.

(a) 12-60

(b) 15-60

(c) 21-65

(d) 5-14

2. Which is the correct sequence of various sectors in GDP of India in the descending order?

a) Primary sector, Secondary sector, Tertiary sector

b) Primary sector, Tertiary sector, Secondary sector

c) Tertiary sector, Secondary sector, Primary sector

d) Secondary sector, Tertiary sector, Primary sector

3. Which one of the following sectors is the largest employer in India?

a) Primary sector

(b) Secondary sector

(c) Tertiary sector

(d) Public sector

4. Which one of the following is not in Primary sector?

(a) Agriculture

(b) Manufacturing

(c) Mining

(d) Fishery

5. Which one of the following is not in the Secondary Sector?

(a) Construction

(b) Manufacturing

(c) Small Scale Industry

(d) Forestry

6. Tertiary sector include/s

(a) Transport

(b) Insurance

(c) Banking

(d) All of these

7. Which sector is not included in the occupational pattern?

(a) Primary sector

(b) Secondary sector

(c) Tertiary sector

(d) Private sector

8. Match the List I with List II using the codes given below:

I II

a) Agriculture, Forestry, Fishery and Mining – Unorganised Sector

b) Manufacturing Electricity Gas and Water Supply – Service Sector

c) Trade, Transport and Communication – Secondary Sector

d) Unincorporated Enterprises and Household industries – Primary Sector

A B C D

(a) 1 2 3 4

(b) 4 3 2 1

(c) 2 3 1 4

(d) 3 2 4 1

9. Which Delhi sultan of medieval India formed “Employment Bureau” to solve the unemployment problem?

(b) Muhammad Bin Thuglaq

(b) Alauddin Khilji

(c) Feroz Shah Thuglaq

(d) Balban

10. ______________ sector is registered and follows government rules.

(a) Agriculture

(b) Organised

(c) Unorganised

(d) Private

11. ______________ sector provides job security and higher wages.

(a) Public sector

(b) Organised sector

(c) Unorganised sector

(d) Private sector

12. Find the odd one

(a) Banking

(b) Railways

(c) Insurance

(d) Small Scale Industry

13. The sectors are classified into Public and Private Sectors on the basis of

(a) Number of workers employed

(b) Nature of economic activity

(c) Ownership of enterprises

(d) Employment conditions

14. Assertion (A): The unorganised sector of the economy characterised by the household manufacturing activity and small-scale industry.

Reason (R): Jobs here are low paid and often not regular.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)

(b) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) does not explains (A)

(c) (A) is correct (R) is false

(d) (A) is false (R) is true

15. People who employ workers and pay rewards for their work is termed as ___________

(a) Employee

(b) Employer

(c) Labour

(d) Caretaker

16. _____________ continues to be the largest employer in Tamil Nadu.

(a) Agriculture

(b) Manufacturing

(c) Banking

(d) Small Scale Industry

Fill in the blanks:

1. In _____________ sector, the employment terms are not fixed and regular.

2, Economic activities are classified into ____________ and ___________ sectors.

3. _____________ has always featured as an important element of development policy in India.

4. Employment pattern changes due to ______________

5. The nature of employment in India is _____________

6. _____________ of the economy is the number of people in the country, who work and also capable of working.

7. Public sector means ___________

Match the following:

1. Public sector – a. Banking

2. Private sector – b. Poultry

3. Primary sector – c. Profit motive

4. Tertiary sector – d. Service motive

Answers:

Choose the correct answers:

1.15-60 2. Primary sector, Tertiary sector, Secondary sector 3. Primary Sector 4. Manufacturing 5. Forestry 6. Transport, Insurance

and Banking 7. Private Sector 8. A. Primary Sector B. Secondary Sector C. Service Sector D. Unorganized Sector

9. Feroz Shah Thuglaq 10. Organised 11. Organised Sector 12. Small Scale Industry 13. Ownership of enterprises

14. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) does not explains (A) 15. Employee 16. Agriculture

Fill in the blanks:

1. Unorganized 2. Public and Private 3. Employment 4. Lifestyle of the people

5. Multi-dimensional 6. Labour force 7. Government undertaking

Match the following:

1. Service motive 2. Profit motive 3. Banking 4. Poultry

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