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Forms of Government and Democracy Book Back Questions 9th Social Science Lesson 20

9th Social Science Lesson 20

20] Forms of Government and Democracy

Book Back Questions with Answer and Do You Know Box Content

Do You Know?

The term “democracy” is derived from two Greek words: DEMOS meaning people and cratia meaning power. Thus, literally democracy means “the power of the people”.

The term “republic” was first coined in 500 BCE in Rome. It is derived from res publica, a Latin word meaning public matter.

India became a Republic on 26 January 1950. It is governed in accordance with the Constitution adopted on 26 November 1949, which came into force on 26 January 1950.

Abraham Lincoln, one of the Presidents of USA, defines democracy as a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

The Parliament House in India was designed by the British architects Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker in 1912-13 and construction began in 1921 and ended in 1927.

Two houses of Parliament: Lok Sabha/Lower House/House of People; Rajya Sabha/Upper House/Council of States.

British India-General elections, 1920: General elections were held in British India in 1920 to elect members to the Imperial Legislative Council and the Provincial Councils. They were the first elections in the country’s history.

Choose the best answers:

1. A system of government in which one person reigns supreme, usually a king or queen, is called _____________

(a) Autocracy

(b) Monarchy

(c) Democracy

(d) Republic

2. A system of government with absolute power.

(a) Aristocracy

(b) Theocracy

(c) Democracy

(d) Autocracy

3. Former Soviet Union is an example for ___________

(a) Aristocracy

(b) Theocracy

(c) Oligarchy

(d) Republic

4. Select the odd one

(a) India

(b) USA

(c) France

(d) Vatican

5. Abraham Lincoln was the President of the ______________

(a) USA

(b) UK

(c) USSR

(c) India

6. Kudavolai system was followed by

(a) Cheras

(b) Pandyas

(c) Cholas

(d) Kalabhras

7. Direct Democracy in olden times existed

(a) In the republics of ancient India

(b) Among the USA

(c) In the city-state of ancient Greece

(d) Among the UK

8. From which language was the term “Democracy” derived?

(a) Greek

(b) Latin

(c) Persian

(d) Arabic

9. In democracy the final authority rests with

(a) The Parliament

(b) The people

(c) The council of Ministers

(d) The President

10. Which one of the country has Presidential form of Government?

(a) India

(b) Britain

(c) Canada

(d) USA

11. The largest democratic country in the world is

(a) Canada

(b) India

(c) USA

(d) China

12. Assertion (A): Direct democracy is practised Switzerland.

Reason (R): People directly participate in decision making.

(a) Both A and R are true and R explains A

(b) Both A and R are true and R does not explain A

(c) A is correct and R is false

(d) A is false and R is true

13. Assertion (A): India has parliamentary form of democracy.

Reason (R): Indian parliament comprises two houses.

(a) Both A and R are true and R explain A

(b) Both A and R are true and R does not explain A

(c) A is correct and R is false

(d) A is false and R is true

14. The meaning of Franchise is

(a) Right to elect

(b) Right to vote for the poor

(c) Right to vote

(d) Right to vote for the rich

15. The grant of universal franchise creates

(a) Social equality

(b) Economic equality

(c) Political equality

(d) Legal equality

16. Prime Minister of India is appointed by

(a) Lok Sabha

(b) Rajya Sabha

(c) Speaker

(d) President

17. The President of India can nominate

(a) 12 members to Lok Sabha

(b) 2 members of Rajya Sabha

(c) 12 members of Rajya Sabha

(d) 14 members of Rajya Sabha

18. The first general elections after independence in India were held in

(a) 1948-49

(b) 1951-52

(c) 1957-58

(d) 1947-48

Fill in the blanks:

1. The Constitution of India was finally adopted on _____________

2. The two types of democracy are _____________ and _____________

3. An example for direct democracy is ___________

4. India has a ___________ form of democracy.

5. _____________ was the first Prime Minister of independent India.

6. The first general elections were held in British India in the year _______________

7. The Parliament House in India was designed by ______________ and _____________

Match the following:

1. Autocracy – 18

2. Right to vote – Arthashastra

3. Chanakya – Vatican

4. Theocracy – North Korea

Answers:

Choose the correct answer:

1. Monarchy 2. Autocracy 3. Oligarchy 4. Vatican 5. USA 6. Cholas 7. In the city-state of ancient Greece 8. Greek 9. The People

10. USA 11. India 12. Both A and R are true and R explains A 13. Both A and R is true and R explains A 14. Right to vote

15. Social equality 16. President 17. 12 members of Rajya Sabha 18. 1951-52

Fill in the blanks:

1. 26th November 1949 2. Direct, Indirect 3. Switzerland 4. Parliamentary 5. Jawaharlal Nehru 6. 1920

7. Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker

Match the following:

1. North Korea 2. 18 3. Arthashastra 4. Vatican

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