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Forms of Government Book Back Questions 9th Social Science Lesson 23

9th Social Science Lesson 23

23] Forms of Government

Book Back Questions with Answer and Do You Know Box Content

Do You Know?

Which is the oldest form of government? Monarchy is the oldest form of government in the United Kingdom. In a monarchy, a king or queen is Head of State. The British monarchy is known as a constitutional monarchy. This means, while the Sovereign is Head of State, the ability to make and pass legislation resides with an elected Parliament.

The relationship between the Central and the State in India: India is a union of States where the power shared between the centre and the states, as per the procedures mentioned in the Constitution of India. Though the powers are shared between the Central and State Governments, the final decision is by the Central government in all matters. The relationship between the centre and the states are: (i) Legislative relations (Articles 245 – 255) , (ii) Administrative relations (Articles 256 – 263) , (iii) Financial relations (Articles 268 – 293) . Both the Central and State governments have the power to make laws, but the matters differ. The centre can make laws applicable to the whole nation on certain matters called as the union list. The States have the powers to make laws in some matters only, applicable to their own state, called as the State list. The concurrent list includes the subjects on which both Central and State government have the power to make laws.

Union List: Union list has 100 subjects. These include Foreign affairs, Defence, Armed forces, Posts and Telegraphs, inter-state trade and commerce and so on.

State List: The state list consists of 61 subjects, which include Public order in the state, police, prisons, Local Governments, agriculture so on.

Concurrent List: The Concurrent list has 52 subjects which include Criminal and Civil procedures, marriage and divorce, economic and special planning, newspapers, books and printing presses, population control and so on.

Gross National Happiness (GNH): Gross National Happiness is a developing philosophy as well as an ‘index’ which is used to measure the collective happiness in any specific nation. The concept was first mentioned in the constitution of Bhutan, which was enacted on 18 July 2008. The term ‘Gross National Happiness’ was coined by the fourth king of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck in the 1970s. The GNH’s central tenets are: “Sustainable and equitable socio-economic development; environmental conservation; preservation and promotion of culture; and good governance”. GNH is distinguishable by valuing collective happiness as the goal of governance and by emphasising harmony with nature and traditional values.

Fill in the blanks:

1. ___________, _______________ are a few examples for unitary form of government.

2. The Parliamentary government is also known as _____________

3. In the parliamentary form of government ___________ is the leader of the majority part.

Fill in the blanks:

Country Name of the Parliament

1. USA _____________

2. Norway ______________

3. _____________ Folketing


Choose the correct answers:

1. England, France 2. Cabinet Government, Responsible Government, Westminster model of Government

3. The Prime Minister

Fill in the blanks:

1. Congress 2. Storting 3. Denmark

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