Human Geography Of Tamil Nadu Online Test 10th Social Science Lesson 23 Questions in English

Human Geography Of Tamil Nadu Online Test 10th Social Science Lesson 23 Questions in English

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Question 1
  • Assertion (A): Human Geography is a study of development of Human societies.
  • Reasoning (R): It also specifies the operations of Human societies in their Physical environment.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 1 Explanation: 
Human geography refers to the study of ways of development of human societies and their operation in relation to their physical environment. It also focuses on the distribution, characteristics and utilization of different resources in Tamil Nadu.
Question 2
  • Assertion (A): The Human beings are the most significant Resource on the Earth surface.
  • Reasoning(R): Earth has various natural resources like Rivers, Soil, Water, and Wildlife.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 2 Explanation: 
The Earth is endowed with a variety of natural resources such as landforms, rivers, soil, natural vegetation, water and wildlife. The human beings are the most significant resource on the earth surface. They turn all these natural resources into useful products with their skills and abilities.
Question 3
Which language is the origin for the word Agriculture?
A
Hebrew
B
Latin
C
Greek
D
Persian
Question 3 Explanation: 
The word "agriculture" is derived from the Latin words "ager and cultura", which means field and growing.
Question 4
What is the main contribution of Tamil Nadu's Economy?
A
Agriculture
B
Industry sectors
C
Exports
D
Mining
Question 4 Explanation: 
Agriculture has been the mainstay of the state’s economy since independence with more than 65% of the population depends upon this sector for their living.
Question 5
Choose the correct statements.
  1. Agriculture provides employment for both rural and urban people.
  2. About 50% of the Tamil Nadu economy depends on Agriculture.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
Both i and ii
D
None of the above
Question 5 Explanation: 
Agriculture provides employment for rural people on a large scale. There is a strong link between agriculture and economic growth. Agriculture constitutes about 21% of the state’s economy. However, it fluctuates from one year to another.
Question 6
State the determining factors for the growth of Agriculture?
A
Climate
B
Landform
C
Irrigation
D
All the above
Question 6 Explanation: 
Landform, climate, soil and irrigation are the factors that determine the growth of agriculture.
Question 7
Which of these landforms are more suitable for Agriculture?
A
Plateaus
B
Plains
C
Coastal region
D
Hills
Question 7 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu is a land of diverse landscape comprising of hills, plateaus and plains. Among them the plains are most suitable for agriculture.
Question 8
Which of this soil type aggravate the productivity in agriculture?
A
Black soil
B
Alluvial soil
C
Red soil
D
Laterite soil
Question 8 Explanation: 
The plains with alluvial soil enhance agricultural productivity. Example: Plains of Cauvery.
Question 9
  • Assertion (A): Agricultural activities in hill areas results in moderate productivity.
  • Reasoning(R): Plateaus agriculture yields are very poor compared to other landforms.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 9 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu is a land of diverse landscape comprising of hills, plateaus and plains. Among them the plains are most suitable for agriculture. Agriculture in the plateau is moderate and is poor on the hills.
Question 10
What are the limiting factors of Agriculture in Tamil Nadu?
A
Tropical climate
B
Poor monsoon
C
Irrigation facilities
D
all the above
Question 10 Explanation: 
The state of Tamil Nadu experiences a tropical climate. Hence, the temperature in Tamil Nadu is relatively high almost throughout the year. So, only the tropical crops are cultivated. Water is another limiting factor of agriculture. The rainfall in this North east monsoon season and the irrigation facilities affect agriculture to a large extent.
Question 11
Which of this Monsoon provides the sufficient rainfall for Agriculture in Tamil Nadu?
A
North East Monsoon
B
South West Monsoon
C
North West Monsoon
D
South East Monsoon
Question 11 Explanation: 
Northeast monsoon is the major source of rainfall for Tamil Nadu. Therefore, the major cropping season begins with this season.
Question 12
In which of these zones Tamil Nadu is located?
A
Tropical Zone
B
Sub Tropical Zone
C
Near to the Equator
D
Far from the Tropic of Cancer
Question 12 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu is situated in the tropical zone, which is nearer to the equator. The state experiences a tropical climate.
Question 13
In which of these regions of Tamil Nadu mixed farming is practiced?
A
All over Tamil Nadu
B
Coastal Plains
C
Banks of River Thenpennai
D
Hill slopes of Eastern Ghats
Question 14
When the Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute was established?
A
1982
B
1980
C
1985
D
1983
Question 14 Explanation: 
The Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute (TRRI) is an Indian research institute working in the field of rice under Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU).It is situated at Aduthurai, in Thanjavur district; it was established in April, 1985.
Question 15
  • Assertion (A): The Season of Cultivation is based on the Land form of the region in various parts of Tamil Nadu.
  • Reasoning(R): To maintain the productivity same crop is selected for different seasons of cultivation.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 15 Explanation: 
Farmers select different crops for different seasons of cultivation. It is based on the temperature and availability of moisture in the soil.
Question 16
Match
  1. Sornavari pattam      i) Sugarcane
  2. Navarai                        ii) Cotton
  3. Samba                            iii) Watermelon
A
iii, ii, i
B
ii, i, iii
C
i, iii, ii
D
ii, iii, i
Question 17
Choose the correct statements regarding the cultivation seasons in Tamil Nadu.
  1. Millets are harvested in the August and September months.
  2. The sowing season of Navarai is on July and August months.
  3. Paddy is grown under the Chittirai pattam.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 18
  • Assertion (A): Paddy is the second most important food crop of Tamil Nadu.
  • Reasoning(R): Ponni and Kichadi samba are the major varieties of Paddy grown in Tamil Nadu
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 18 Explanation: 
Paddy is the most important staple food crop of Tamil Nadu. Ponni and Kichadi samba are the major varieties of paddy grown in Tamil Nadu.
Question 19
In which of these regions of Tamil Nadu rice is not a major cultivation?
A
Virudhunagar
B
Kancheepuram
C
Tiruvallur
D
Villupuram
Question 19 Explanation: 
In Tamil Nadu about 3 million hectares of the state is under rice cultivation. Though it is cultivated all over Tamil Nadu, its cultivation is highly concentrated in Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Tiruvallur, Kancheepuram, Villupuram, Cuddalore and Tirunelveli districts.
Question 20
State the rank of Tamil Nadu among the states of India in rice production?
A
5th
B
4th
C
2nd
D
3rd
Question 20 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu ranks third in the production of rice among the states of India.
Question 21
What is the other name of Thanjavur in terms of its cultivation pattern?
A
Granary of Tamil Nadu
B
Rice Bowl of India
C
Rice Bowl of India
D
Neither a nor b
Question 21 Explanation: 
The deltaic region of river Cauvery or the undivided Thanjavur district is the major rice-producing region of Tamil Nadu. So, this region is rightly called as the "Granary of Tamil Nadu"
Question 22
  • Assertion (A): Millets are the staple food for 1/3rd of Tamil Nadu population.
  • Reasoning(R): Cholam, ragi and kambu are the major millets grown in Tamil Nadu
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 22 Explanation: 
Millets form staple food of nearly one-third of human population of Tamil Nadu. Sorghum/jowar (cholam), ragi (kezhvaragu) and bajra (kambu) are the major millets.
Question 23
In which of these regions millets are grown in Tamil Nadu?
A
Coastal Plains
B
Delta region
C
Hill stations
D
Plateaus
Question 23 Explanation: 
The Millets are grown not only in drier areas but also in the coastal plains.
Question 24
In which of these districts Bajra crop is mostly cultivated?
A
Karur
B
Salem
C
Ramanathapuram
D
All the above
Question 24 Explanation: 
Bajra is mostly cultivated in Ramanathapuram, Tirunelveli, Karur, Perambalur and Salem districts.
Question 25
In which of these years FAO has decided to observe as the International year of Millets?
A
2025
B
2021
C
2022
D
2023
Question 25 Explanation: 
India observed 2018 as national year of millets. FAO has decided to observe 2023 as the International year of millets.
Question 26
  • Assertion (A): Pulses are the major sources of Carbohydrates.
  • Reasoning(R): Only Bengal gram and Black gram are cultivated in Tamil Nadu.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 26 Explanation: 
Pulses are the major source of protein. Bengal gram, black gram, green gram, cowpea and horse grams are the important pulses grown in Tamil Nadu.
Question 27
State the correct statements regarding the climate of pulse cultivation.
  • i) Pulses are grown in dry regions with proper irrigation techniques.
  • ii) Cool climate and low rainfall are best climate for growing these crops.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
both i and ii
D
neither i or ii
Question 27 Explanation: 
Pulses are grown in a wide range of climatic conditions mostly in drier regions with or without irrigation. Mild cool climate and a low to moderate rainfall are best suited for these crops.
Question 28
Which of these districts is not suited for cultivating the pulses?
A
Chennai
B
Niligris
C
Kanyakumari
D
All the above
Question 28 Explanation: 
Pulses serve as excellent fodder. Pulses are grown in almost all districts in the state except Chennai, Nilgiris and Kanyakumari.
Question 29
Identify the Incorrect match
  1. Bengal gram       i) Coimbatore
  2. Horse gram         ii) Villupuram
  3. Red gram              iii) Vellore
  4. Green gram          iv) Tiruvarur
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
iv only
Question 29 Explanation: 
Coimbatore leads in the production of Bengal gram. Vellore and Kanyakumari districts produce red gram. Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam and Thoothukudi districts are the principal producers of green gram and black gram. Horse gram is widely cultivated in Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri districts.
Question 30
Which of these manufacturing industries depends on oil seeds cultivation?
A
Lubricant
B
Varnish manufacture
C
Soaps and Candles
D
All the above
Question 30 Explanation: 
Apart from its use in food preparation, it is used in industries as a lubricant, in the manufacture of varnish, soaps, candles, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.
Question 31
State the major cultivated oil seed in Tamil Nadu?
A
Sunflower
B
Groundnut
C
Coconut
D
Castor
Question 31 Explanation: 
Groundnut is the major oilseed of the state. The cultivation of groundnut is mostly concentrated in Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Villupuram, Salem and Pudukottai districts. It is also grown to some extent in Dharmapuri, Cuddalore, Perambalur and Madurai.
Question 32
  • Assertion (A): The National project on Organic Farming promotes the organic farming in India.
  • Reasoning(R): This scheme promotes and provides financial assistance through
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 32 Explanation: 
To promote organic farming a central scheme named ‘National Project on Organic Farming’ was launched Apart from general things the scheme provides financial assistance through Capital Investment Subsidy Scheme for agro-waste compost production units, bio-fertilizers/ bio-pesticides production units, development and implementation of quality control regime, human resource development etc.
Question 33
Which of these are the minor producers of Groundnut in Tamil Nadu?
A
Erode
B
Virudhunagar
C
Sivagangai
D
All the above
Question 33 Explanation: 
Erode, Ramanathapuram, Sivagangai and Virudhunagar districts are the minor producers of Groundnut in Tamil Nadu.
Question 34
Which of these districts is not related to Coconut cultivation?
A
Coimbatore
B
Thanjavur
C
Sivagangai
D
Kanyakumari
Question 34 Explanation: 
Coconut is grown in Coimbatore, Thanjavur and Kanyakumari districts of Tamil Nadu.
Question 35
State the correct statements regarding Sugarcane cultivation in Tamil Nadu.
  1. Sugarcane is the major cash crop of Tamil Nadu.
  2. It requires Low temperature and moderate rainfall.
  3. Coimbatore and Erode are the major sugarcane producers in Tamil Nadu.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 35 Explanation: 
Sugarcane is one of the major cash crops of the state. It is an annual crop. It requires high temperature and heavy rainfall. It grows well in the tropical region. Major sugarcane-producing districts are Tiruvallur, Kancheepuram, Vellore, Cuddalore, Tiruchirappalli, Coimbatore, Erode and Tirunelveli.
Question 36
Which of these are required for the Cotton cultivation?
A
Black soil
B
Warm and humid weather
C
Hot and dry weather
D
All the above
Question 36 Explanation: 
Cotton is a fiber and cash crop. It requires black soil, long frost-free condition and warm and humid weather for its cultivation. Humid weather in the early stages and hot, dry weather during harvest period is suitable for this crop.
Question 37
Which are the major plantation crops of Tamil Nadu?
A
Tea
B
Cashew nut
C
Rubber
D
All the above
Question 37 Explanation: 
Tea, coffee, cashew, rubber and cinchona are the major plantation crops of the Tamil Nadu state.
Question 38
State the position of Tamil Nadu in India for its Tea production?
A
1st
B
2nd
C
3rd
D
5th
Question 38 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu ranks second in area and production of tea in India next to Assam. Tea plantations are found in the hills of the Nilgiris and Coimbatore. The Nilgiris is the notable regions for tea plantations.
Question 39
Which of these are the major cotton producing regions in Tamil Nadu?
A
Coimbatore plateau
B
Vaigai river basin
C
Vaippar river basin
D
All the above
Question 39 Explanation: 
Cotton is predominantly cultivated in Coimbatore plateau and Vaigai-Vaippar river basins. It is also cultivated in Madurai, Ramanathapuram.
Question 40
Match
  1. Tea                   i) Kanyakumari
  2. Coffee             ii) Coimbatore
  3. Rubber           iii) Cuddalore
  4. Cashew          iv) Kodaikanal
A
ii, iv, i, iii
B
i, iii, iv, ii
C
ii, iii, iv, i
D
ii, i, iv, iii
Question 40 Explanation: 
Coffee plants are grown in the hills of Western Ghats as well as Eastern Ghats. It is also found in the hilly slopes of Dindigul, Madurai, Theni and Salem districts. Yercaud, Kolli Hills and Kodaikanal are notable for coffee plantations. Rubber plantations are significant in Kanyakumari. Cashew is extensively cultivated in Cuddalore district.
Question 41
Which of these regions are suitable for pepper cultivation?
A
Warm and wet slopes
B
Western Ghats
C
Eastern Ghats
D
All the above
Question 41 Explanation: 
Pepper is confined to the warm and wet slopes of Eastern and Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu.
Question 42
Which of these crops are predominantly grown in Anaimalai Hills?
A
Cinchona
B
Tea
C
Cashew
D
Cardamom
Question 42 Explanation: 
Cinchona is planted at heights varying from 1060 to 1280 meters in Anaimalai hills.
Question 43
Which of these districts have Cardamom estates?
A
Niligris
B
Madurai
C
Coimbatore
D
Dindigul
Question 43 Explanation: 
Cardamom estates are located at few places in the hills of Madurai region at an elevation of 915 to 1525 meters.
Question 44
Name the Tea producing corporation of Tamil Nadu government?
A
TANTEA
B
TATA Tea
C
Tamil Nadu Spices limited
D
None of the above
Question 44 Explanation: 
TANTEA, TANTEA Tamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation Limited is one of the Biggest Black Tea Producers in India with high quality clonal tea. Its plantation spreads over nearly 4500 hec.
Question 45
Name the Dairy sector of Tamil Nadu Government?
A
Tamil Nadu Dairy Development Corporation Limited
B
Tamil Nadu Co-operative Milk Producers Federation Limited
C
Aavin
D
All the above
Question 45 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu Dairy Development Corporation Ltd. was transformed into the newly registered Tamil Nadu Co-operative Milk Producers Federation Limited Popularly known as “Aavin”.
Question 46
Which Livestock is also called as the poor Man's Cow?
A
Poultry Animals
B
Goat
C
Sheep
D
All the above
Question 46 Explanation: 
Goat is also known as ‘poor man’s cow ‘in India. It forms a very important component in dry land farming system.
Question 47
  • Assertion (A): Goat is suitable for rearing in unsuitable land for other cattle’s.
  • Reasoning(R): Goat rearing can be done in very low investments.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 47 Explanation: 
In the marginal or undulating lands unsuitable for rearing of other types of cattle like cow or buffalo, goat is the best alternative. With very low investments, goat rearing can be made into a profitable venture for small and marginal farmers.
Question 48
Choose the correct statements.
  1. Sheep is used for multiple purposes.
  2. Sheep rearing is an important component of the rural mountainous areas of Tamil Nadu.
  3. Wool is a major source of income for the shepherds.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 48 Explanation: 
Sheep is used for multiple purposes like wool, meat, milk, skins and manure, and forms an important component of the rural economy, particularly in the arid, semi-arid and mountainous areas of Tamil Nadu. It provides a dependable source of income to the shepherds through the sale of wool and animals.
Question 49
Which of these districts are the poultry hubs of Tamil Nadu?
A
Namakkal
B
Salem
C
Erode
D
All the above
Question 49 Explanation: 
A variety of cattle breeds are reared in the state for the milk and form a major component of the rural economy. The poultry hubs of Tamil Nadu are Namakkal, Salem, Erode and Coimbatore districts.
Question 50
  • Assertion (A): Tamil Nadu is a Coastal state and fishing is the major occupation of the state.
  • Reasoning(R): Coastal fishing is the only source of fishing in Tamil Nadu.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 50 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu is a coastal state fishing is one of the major occupations in the state. With widespread reservoirs and rivers, inland fishing also is also seen to a considerable extent. There are about 2500 species of fishes found in different aquatic environments.
Question 51
What are the other names of the coastal fishing?
A
Marine Fishing
B
Inshore Fishing
C
Neritic Fishing
D
All the above
Question 51 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu is one of the leading states in marine fish production. Marine fishing is also called inshore fish or neritic fishing, carried out in oceans and seas.
Question 52
What is the approximate distance from the shore for the Off-shore fishing?
A
20-30 miles
B
5-10 miles
C
within 5 miles
D
5-20 miles
Question 52 Explanation: 
In ocean or seawaters, fishing within few kilometers from the shoreline is called inshore fishing and the fishing far from the shore typically 20–30 miles out in water hundreds and thousands of feet deep is called off-shore fishing.
Question 53
How many major fishing harbors are present in Tamil Nadu?
A
2
B
5
C
4
D
3
Question 53 Explanation: 
The Tamil Nadu state has three major fishing harbors, three medium fishing harbors and 363 fish landing centers. The export of marine products from the state during 2007– 08 accounted for 72,644 metric tons.
Question 54
  • Assertion (A): Tamil Nadu Fisheries Department has initiated several programs for the  betterment of fishing.
  • Reasoning(R): Fish Farmer development Agency is one of the contributions of FisheriesDepartment of Tamil Nadu.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 54 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu Fisheries Department has introduced several programs for the betterment of fishing. The major programs are aquaculture in farm ponds and irrigation tanks, fish seed bank, fish seed rearing, ornamental fish culture and the establishment of Fish Farmer Development Agency.
Question 55
Which of these districts leads in the Inland fish production in Tamil Nadu?
A
Vellore
B
Coimbatore
C
Sivagangai
D
Cuddalore
Question 55 Explanation: 
Vellore district leads in the production of inland fish production with 10% of state’s production. Cuddalore, Sivagangai and Virudhunagar districts stand second with 9% of inland fish catch each.
Question 56
What is the contribution of Fishing in state economy?
A
2.5%
B
5.3%
C
1.25%
D
10%
Question 56 Explanation: 
Fishing sector contributes 1.25% of state’s economy in Tamil Nadu.
Question 57
Choose the correct sentences
  1. Tamil Nadu has 5% of India's land area.
  2.  Tamil Nadu has 10% of India’s total population.
  3. Tamil Nadu has 2.5% of the India's Water sources.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
all the above
Question 57 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu constitutes 4% of India’s land area and is inhabited by 6% of India’s population, but has only 2.5% percent of India’s water resources. More than 95% of the surface water and 80% of the ground water have already been put into use. Major uses of water include human/animal consumption, irrigation and industrial use.
Question 58
How much percentage of rainfall is contributed by the South West Monsoon in Tamil Nadu?
A
47%
B
35%
C
4%
D
14%
Question 58 Explanation: 
The state is heavily dependent on monsoon rains. The annual average rainfall is around 930 mm in which of 47% during the northeast monsoon, 35% during the southwest monsoon, 14% in summer and 4% in winter.
Question 59
Which of these districts are irrigated by the Mettur Dam?
A
Tiruchirappalli
B
Tiruvarur
C
Salem
D
All the above
Question 59 Explanation: 
The Mettur Dam was constructed in a gorge, where river Cauvery enters the plains. It is one of the oldest dams in India. It provides irrigation to Salem, Erode, Karur, Tiruchirappalli, Thanjavur, Tiruvarur and Nagapattinam districts for about 2, 71,000 acres of farmland.
Question 60
In which of these districts Bhavani Sagar Dam is located?
A
Coimbatore
B
Erode
C
Salem
D
Tiruppur
Question 60 Explanation: 
The Bhavani Sagar Dam is located 80 km away from Coimbatore city in the district of Erode. It has been constructed across the river Bhavani. This dam is one of the biggest earthen dams in the country.
Question 61
Choose the correct sentences.
  1. Amaravathi dam is situated in Coimbatore district.
  2. The Amaravathi dam was built only for Hydro power plant.
  3. Amaravathi river is a tributary of the river Cauvery.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 61 Explanation: 
The Amaravathi dam is situated 25 km away from Udumalpet in Tiruppur district. The dam has been constructed across the river Amaravathi, a tributary of Cauvery. The dam was built primarily for irrigation and flood control. A small hydropower station has also been installed recently.
Question 62
Match
  1. Papanasam Dam             i) Periyar River
  2. Sathanur Dam                 ii) Thamirabarani river
  3. Mullaiperiyar Dam         iii) Thenpennai river
A
iii, ii, i
B
ii, i, iii
C
ii, iii, i
D
i, iii, ii
Question 62 Explanation: 
Sathanur Dam was constructed across the river Thenpennai in Chengam Taluk. Mullaiperiyar dam was built by the British administration in 1895. It has been constructed on the Periyar River. Papanasam Dam or Karaiyar Dam is built on the Thamirabarani River.
Question 63
When the Mullaiperiyar dam was built?
A
1880
B
1912
C
1895
D
1935
Question 63 Explanation: 
Mullaiperiyar dam was built by the British administration in 1895.
Question 64
  • Assertion (A): Sathanur dam is in the midst of Chennakesava hills.
  • Reasoning(R): The landscapes in Thandramapet and Tiruvannamalai blocks are irrigated by the Sathanur dam canals.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 64 Explanation: 
Sathanur dam is in the midst of Chennakesava hills. About 7183 hectares of land is drained by the left bank canal and 905 hectares by the right bank canal of this dam. It irrigates the land in Thandramapet and Tiruvannamalai blocks.
Question 65
Which of these Hills is the origin of the Periyar River?
A
Thekkady Hills
B
Palani Hills
C
Anaimalai Hills
D
Varusanadu Hills
Question 65 Explanation: 
Mullaiperiyar dam has been constructed on the Periyar River, which originates from Thekkady hills of Kerala. The dam was built mainly for watering the farming.
Question 66
Which of this dam is located near Madurai?
A
Sathanur Dam
B
Vaigai Dam
C
Mullaiperiyar Dam
D
Manimuthar Dam
Question 66 Explanation: 
The Vaigai dam is built across the river Vaigai near Andipatti. The dam with a height of 111 feet can store water up to 71 feet. It is located 7km from Andipatti and 70 km from Madurai.
Question 67
  • Assertion (A): Vaigai dam was opened on January 1959.
  • Reasoning(R): This dam is also called as Little Brindavan for its unique garden.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 67 Explanation: 
The Vaigai dam was opened on 21 January, 1959. The dam has a unique garden that deserves the surname ‘Little Brindavan’. It is a popular picnic spot in Theni district.
Question 68
State the other name of Papanasam Dam?
A
Little Brindavan
B
Manimuthar Dam
C
Karaiyar Dam
D
Vaigai Dam
Question 68 Explanation: 
The Papanasam Dam is also known as Karaiyar dam and is located about 49 km away from Tirunelveli. The dam is used to irrigate 34,861 hectares of land in Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi districts. It generates 28 MW of hydro power.
Question 69
  • Assertion (A): Parampikulam Aliyar project is a joint venture of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka States.
  • Reasoning(R): It constructs the interconnected reservoirs of Parambikulam and Aliyar rivers.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 69 Explanation: 
Parampikulam Aliyar Project is a joint venture of Tamil Nadu and Kerala states. It envisages the construction of seven interconnected reservoirs by harnessing the water of seven rivers, which include major rivers of Parambikulam and Aliyar.
Question 70
In which of these districts Parappalar project is situated?
A
Madurai
B
Dindigul
C
Tirunelveli
D
Sivagangai
Question 70 Explanation: 
Parappalar project is located near Ottanchatram. Its storage capacity is 167 million cubic feet of water. It is about 75 km from Madurai and is in Palani Taluk.
Question 71
How many major river basins and reservoirs are found in Tamil Nadu?
A
25, 50
B
30, 100
C
17, 81
D
20, 120
Question 71 Explanation: 
The total surface water potential of Tamil Nadu state is about 24,864 million cubic meters. There are 17 major river basins in the state with 81 reservoirs and about 41,262 tanks.
Question 72
  • Assertion (A): Water demand in Tamil Nadu is increasing at a fast rate.
  • Reasoning(R): Agriculture sector uses 75% of the state's Water resources.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 72 Explanation: 
The demand for water in Tamil Nadu is increasing at a fast rate both due to increasing population and also due to larger per capita needs triggered by economic growth. Agriculture is the largest consumer of water in the state using 75% of the state’s water resources.
Question 73
State the main reason for the water scarcity in Tamil Nadu?
A
Demand of water is increasing continuously.
B
Monsoon failures lead to water scarcity
C
Agriculture usage
D
Industries drain water resources.
Question 73 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu heavily dependent on monsoon rains. Since the state is entirely dependent on rains for recharging its water resources, monsoon failures lead to acute water scarcity and severe droughts.
Question 74
Match
  1. Gypsum           i) Ramanathapuram
  2. Coal                 ii) Cauvery basin
  3. Gas                  iii) Salem
  4. Magnesite      iv) Tirunelveli
A
iv, i, ii, iii
B
iv, iii, i, ii
C
ii, iii, i, iv
D
i, iv, iii, ii
Question 74 Explanation: 
Coal is also available in Ramanathapuram. Oil and gas are found in the Cauvery basin. Gypsum is obtained in Tiruchirappalli, Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi and Virudhunagar districts. Magnetite ores are available near Salem.
Question 75
Which of this region are rich in iron deposits?
A
Kanjamalai
B
Kotagiri
C
Kalrayan Malai
D
both a and b
Question 75 Explanation: 
Iron deposits are found in Kanjamalai region in Salem district and Kalrayan Malai region of Tiruvannamalai district.
Question 76
Which of these are Bauxite rich regions in Tamil Nadu?
A
Servrayan Hills
B
Palani hills
C
Kollimalai
D
All the above
Question 76 Explanation: 
Bauxite is found in Servarayan Hills, Kotagiri, Udhagamandalam, Palani and Kollimalai areas.
Question 77
What type of Minerals is found in Kanyakumari?
A
Ilmenite
B
Bauxite
C
Iron deposits
D
Magnesite ore
Question 77 Explanation: 
Ilmenite and rutile are found in the sands of Kanyakumari beach.
Question 78
In which of these districts Lime stone is not available?
A
Cuddalore
B
Tirunelveli
C
Namakkal
D
Ramanathapuram
Question 78 Explanation: 
Limestone is available in Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Dindigul, Kancheepuram, Karur, Madurai, Nagapattinam, Namakkal, Perambalur Ramanathapuram, Salem and Tiruvallur districts.
Question 79
Choose the Incorrect statements given below.
  1. Neyveli is rich in Lignite resources.
  2. Magnesite is obtained from Coimbatore, Salem and Namakkal districts.
  3. Quartz and Feldspar are not found in Tamil Nadu
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 79 Explanation: 
Neyveli has large lignite resources. Magnesite is obtained in Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Karur, Namakkal, the Nilgiris, Salem, Tiruchirappalli, Tirunelveli and Vellore districts. Feldspar, quartz, copper and lead are also found in some parts of the state.
Question 80
  • Assertion (A): Textile Industries are recently developed in Tamil Nadu.
  • Reasoning(R): Tamil Nadu contributes 30% of India's Textile exports.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 80 Explanation: 
Textile industry is one of the traditionally well-developed industries in Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu has about 3, 50,000 power looms manufacturing cotton fabrics and accounts for 30% of India's exports of textiles products.
Question 81
Identify the Correct Match
  1. Coimbatore          i) Textile Capital
  2. Tiruppur               ii) Manchester of Tamil Nadu
  3. Karur                     iii) Textile Valley
  4. Erode                    iv) Handlooms
A
iv only
B
ii only
C
i only
D
iii only
Question 81 Explanation: 
Erode in Tamil Nadu is well known for marketing of handloom, power loom and readymade garments. Coimbatore is also known as the ‘Manchester of Tamil Nadu’. Coimbatore, Tiruppur and Erode contribute a major share to the state’s economy through textiles. So, this region is referred as ‘Textile Valley of Tamil Nadu’. Karur is known as ‘The Textile capital of Tamil Nadu'".
Question 82
State the position of Silk production of Tamil Nadu in India?
A
5th
B
2nd
C
4th
D
3rd
Question 82 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu occupies fourth position in the country in silk production. The annual silk production in Tamil Nadu is around 1200 metric tons.
Question 83
Which of these are the important Silk weaving centers in Tamil Nadu?
A
Salem
B
Tirunelveli
C
Kumbakonam
D
All the above
Question 83 Explanation: 
Kancheepuram, Arani, Kumbakonam, Salem, Coimbatore, Madurai and Tirunelveli are the important silk-weaving centers in Tamil Nadu.
Question 84
Which silk variety is known for its unique Traditional value globally?
A
Arani Silk
B
Kancheepuram Silk
C
Coimbatore Silk
D
Kumbakonam Silk
Question 84 Explanation: 
Kancheepuram silk is unique in its quality and is known for its traditional value all over the world.
Question 85
Which district manufactures the Synthetic silk clothes?
A
Ramanathapuram
B
Coimbatore
C
Arani
D
Madurai
Question 85 Explanation: 
Ramanathapuram has some specialized areas for the manufacturing of synthetic silk clothes.
Question 86
What percentage of Tanning process of India is contributed by Tamil Nadu?
A
75%
B
35%
C
60%
D
45%
Question 86 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu accounts for 60% of leather tanning processes of India and 38% of all leather footwear, garments and components.
Question 87
  • Assertion (A): Vellore district ranks in top position for the leather exports in India.
  • Reasoning(R): Leather tanneries are found in Ranipet, Ambur and Vaniyambadi.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 87 Explanation: 
Hundreds of leather tanneries are located around Vellore and nearby towns, such as Ranipet, Ambur and Vaniyambadi. The Vellore district is the top exporter of finished leather goods in the country. Vellore leather accounts for more than 37% of the country's export of leather and leather related products.
Question 88
Where the Central Institute for Leather research is situated?
A
Chennai
B
Vellore
C
Tiruchirappalli
D
Kancheepuram
Question 88 Explanation: 
The Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), a CSIR research laboratory is located in Chennai.
Question 89
When and where the Government of Tamil Nadu started the TNPL mill?
A
1976, Coimbatore
B
1956, Erode
C
1979, Karur
D
1987, Thanjavur
Question 89 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu Newsprint and Papers Limited (TNPL) is a government of Tamil Nadu enterprise producing newsprint and printing and writing paper at its mill located at Kagithapuram in Karur district. It was started in 1979 with an installed capacity of 2.45 lakh MT of production per annum.
Question 90
What is the rank of India in Cement production?
A
3rd
B
2nd
C
5th
D
10th
Question 90 Explanation: 
India is one of the largest cement producers and ranked second in the world with an annual production capacity of 181 million tons.
Question 91
Where do the TANCEM units is operated in Tamil Nadu?
A
Ariyalur
B
Alangulam
C
Virudhachalam
D
All the above
Question 91 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu Cements Corporation Limited (TANCEM) is one among the major cement producers in Tamil Nadu operating two cement units one at Ariyalur and another at Alangulam. Asbestos cement sheet plant at Alangulam and stoneware pipe unit at Virudhachalam are the other units of TANCEM.
Question 92
Match the GI tags with their Districts
  1. Nachiarkoil          i) Bronze icons
  2. Nagercoil              ii) Venpattu
  3. Swamimalai         iii) Kuthuvilakku
  4. Salem                   iv) Temple Jewelry
A
iii, iv, i, ii
B
ii, i, iii, iv
C
ii, i, iv, iii
D
iv, iii, i, ii
Question 93
Which state leads in the Software exports in India?
A
Tamil Nadu
B
Karnataka
C
Andhra Pradesh
D
Kerala
Question 93 Explanation: 
According to National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM), the southern states continue to account for more than half of the country's total export of software. Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh together account for 59.6% of India's total software exports. Tamil Nadu is the second largest software exporter in the country next to Karnataka.
Question 94
  • Assertion (A): Special Economic Zones follow the same business and trade laws with the country.
  • Reasoning(R): SEZ's are located within a country's National borders.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 94 Explanation: 
A special economic zone (SEZ) is an area in which the business and trade laws are different from the rest of the country. SEZs are located within a country's national borders, and their aims include increased trade balance, employment, increased investment, job creation and effective administration.
Question 95
Which of these regions does not have a SEZ?
A
Ennore
B
Hosur
C
Nanguneri
D
Tiruchirappalli
Question 95 Explanation: 
Special economic zones (SEZs) provide an internationally competitive and hassle free environment for exports. Units in SEZ manufacture goods and provide a range of services. SEZs are located in Nanguneri, Ennore, Hosur and Perambalur. IT & ITES SEZ named TIDEL-II and TIDEL-III and Bio-Pharmaceuticals SEZ are located in Chennai and Coimbatore SEZ called the TIDEL Park–IV is located in the city.
Question 96
Choose the correct statements
  1. The Manufacturing industry covers machinery and equipment for all type of Industries.
  2. Tamil Nadu share 15% of the country's industrial exports including software.
  3. Tamil Nadu contributes 20% of India's Software exports.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 96 Explanation: 
The manufacturing industry broadly covers manufacture of machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, basic metal and alloy industries, metal products and repair of capital goods. Tamil Nadu's share of the industrial output is around 11–12% of the country's output and 15% of the country's exports excluding software. Tamil Nadu accounts for about 17% of India's software exports.
Question 97
What is the contributing percentage of Automobile Industry to the Tamil Nadu's GDP?
A
10%
B
5%
C
8%
D
12%
Question 97 Explanation: 
Automobile industry plays a crucial role in the state’s economy and has been one of the key driving factors. Contributing 8 percent to state GDP and giving direct employment to 2, 20,000 people.
Question 98
  • Assertion (A): The handloom sectors of Tamil Nadu provides livelihood to a large number of Rural people.
  • Reasoning(R): These sectors produce cloth for the free cloth supplies Schemes for the Students and others.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 98 Explanation: 
The handloom sector in the state is the single largest cottage industry providing livelihood to a large number of rural people and promoting export earnings. The handloom sector and its related economic activities generate gainful employment for more than 4.29 lakh weaver households and 11.64 lakh weavers in the state. These societies mainly produce the cloth required for the scheme of ‘Free Supply of Uniforms to School Children and Free Distribution of Sarees and Dhotis Scheme’.
Question 99
How many Co-operative sectors of Sugar Industries are available in Tamil Nadu?
A
34
B
16
C
18
D
21
Question 99 Explanation: 
Sugar industry in Tamil Nadu is an important agro-based industry. There are 34 sugar mills in Tamil Nadu, in which 16 are in the cooperative sector and 18 in the private sector.
Question 100
Choose the correct statements
  1. Tamil Nadu Government develops its Tourism by TTDC.
  2. The State of Tamil Nadu lags in Tourism development in recent years.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
Both i and ii
D
None of the above
Question 100 Explanation: 
In recent years, the state has emerged as one of the leading tourist destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. Tourism in Tamil Nadu is promoted by Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation (TTDC).
Question 101
  • Assertion (A): Population refers to the number of people living in a defined area.
  • Reasoning(R): The Statistical study of the human population characteristics is called Demography.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 101 Explanation: 
The term ‘population’ refers to the number of people living in a defined area. The statistical study of the characteristics of human population is called demography. Demographers make a deep and detailed study of the population.
Question 102
State the major problem which retards the Nation's Economic growth?
A
Over Population
B
Huge Exports
C
Decreased Imports
D
All the above
Question 102 Explanation: 
The rapid increase of population may be responsible for retarding economic growth. Hence, overpopulation is one of the major problems confronting our nation with all its effects.
Question 103
Choose the correct statement
  1. The Population of Men is higher than the total population of Women in Tamil Nadu.
  2. The Growth rate of population has been reduced compared to the previous decade population.
  3. Tamil Nadu forms 5.96% of India's total population as per the 2011 census.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 103 Explanation: 
The population of Tamil Nadu is shared almost 50% each by male and female. The growth rate of population in the decade 2001–2011 was 15.61% while in the previous decade it was 11.19%. The population of Tamil Nadu forms 5.96% of country’s total population as per 2011 Census which was 6.07% in the year 2001.
Question 104
  • Assertion (A): Coimbatore district is the highly populated among Tamil Nadu in District level.
  • Reasoning(R): Chennai is the highest urban populated city in Tamil Nadu
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 104 Explanation: 
Chennai has the highest urban population with 4.219 million people, but the city ranks second in the district-wise count, next to Coimbatore district, which had 4.224 million people as per 2011 Census.
Question 105
What is the reason for the High concentration of population in the districts of Tamil Nadu?
A
Industrial development
B
Agriculture development
C
Tourism Development
D
Both a and b
Question 105 Explanation: 
Agriculture and industrial development are the main causes of high concentration of population of the districts of Tamil Nadu.
Question 106
What are the main occupations of people in the Moderate populated districts of Tamil Nadu?
A
Small Scale Industries
B
Fishing
C
Agriculture
D
All the above
Question 106 Explanation: 
In the Regions of Moderate Population, other than agriculture, small-scale industries and fishing along the coastal areas are the major occupations of people in the districts.
Question 107
Which of these districts are not included in the sparsely populated regions of Tamil Nadu?
A
Tiruvarur
B
Nilgiris
C
Sivagangai
D
Vellore
Question 107 Explanation: 
Regions of Sparse Population in Tamil Nadu are the coastal districts Nagapattinam, Tiruvarur, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram and Sivagangai have a less than 15 lakh. The Nilgiris district has a population of less than 10 lakh (764,826) population and it is the least populated district as per 2011 Census.
Question 108
State the position of Tamil Nadu in the Population density of India?
A
10th
B
12th
C
5th
D
2nd
Question 108 Explanation: 
The density of population in Tamil Nadu is 555 per sq.km as per the 2011 Census, while it was 480 per sq.km in 2001. The state ranks 12th among the Indian states in population density. The national average density of population as per the 2011 Census is 382.
Question 109
What is the percentage of unstated religious population in Tamil Nadu?
A
0.01%
B
0.5%
C
0.15%
D
0.26%
Question 109 Explanation: 
People of other religions constitute 0.01% and the percentage of people with unstated religion is 0.26% in Tamil Nadu.
Question 110
  • Assertion (A): The Sex ratio of India is 933 in the year 2011.
  • Reasoning(R): The Sex ratio in Tamil Nadu is better than the Country's ratio.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 110 Explanation: 
The sex ratio represents the number of females per 1000 males. The sex ratio of the state increased from 987 in 2001 to 995 in 2011. The sex ratio in India is 940 in 2011 as against 933 in 2001. It shows that the sex ratio is more favorable in the state than the country.
Question 111
Which of this district has the highest sex ratio in Tamil Nadu?
A
Thanjavur
B
Salem
C
Nilgiris
D
Dharmapuri
Question 111 Explanation: 
The highest sex ratio is found in the Nilgiris district (1041) followed by Thanjavur district (1031).The lowest sex ratio is reported in Dharmapuri district (946) followed by Salem district (954).
Question 112
Choose the Incorrect statements.
  1. The literacy rate of Tamil Nadu was 80.33% as per the 2001 census reports.
  2. The male literacy rate of Tamil Nadu as per 2011 census is 86.81%.
  3. The Female literacy rate in the 2001 year census was 64.43%
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 112 Explanation: 
The literacy rate of Tamil Nadu as per the 2011 Census is 80.33%. It was 73.45% in 2001. The male literacy rate is 86.81% and the female literacy rate is 73.86%. The corresponding rates in 2001 were 82.42% for males and 64.43% for females.
Question 113
Which district has the high literacy rate in Tamil Nadu?
A
Chennai
B
Kanyakumari
C
Thoothukudi
D
Dharmapuri
Question 113 Explanation: 
The district of Kanyakumari has reported the highest literacy rate (92.14%) while Dharmapuri district has the lowest rate (64.71%).
Question 114
How many railway stations are available in Tamil Nadu?
A
750
B
690
C
350
D
278
Question 114 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu has a total railway track length of 6,693 km with 690 railway stations in the state. The system connects it with most of the major cities in India. Main rail junctions in the state include Chennai, Coimbatore, Erode, Madurai, Salem, Tiruchirappalli and Tirunelveli.
Question 115
When did Chennai start its Metro Rail system?
A
2017
B
2014
C
2001
D
2013
Question 115 Explanation: 
Chennai has a well-established suburban railway network, a mass rapid transport system(MRTS) and is currently developing a Metro system, with its first underground stretch in operation since May 2017.
Question 116
Which of this city does not have an International Airport?
A
Chennai
B
Madurai
C
Coimbatore
D
Tuticorin
Question 116 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu has four major international airports. Chennai International Airport is currently the third largest airport in India after Mumbai and Delhi. Other international airports in Tamil Nadu include Coimbatore, Madurai and Tiruchirappalli airports.
Question 117
Which of this city is connected with Kanyakumari by the NH-44 highway?
A
Coimbatore
B
Hosur
C
Dindigul
D
Madurai
Question 117 Explanation: 
NH - 44 is the longest national highway in Tamil Nadu which runs from Hosur to Kanyakumari (627.2 km) Via Dharmapuri-Salem-Karur- Dindigul-Madurai-Tirunelveli.
Question 118
Which is the shortest Highway of Tamil Nadu?
A
NH-44
B
NH-712
C
NH-785
D
NH-120
Question 118 Explanation: 
NH-785 is the shortest national highway in Tamil Nadu which runs from Madurai to Natham (38 km).
Question 119
Which of these cities does not have a major port of Tamil Nadu?
A
Chennai
B
Cuddalore
C
Ennore
D
Tuticorin
Question 119 Explanation: 
Tamil Nadu has three major ports. They are in Chennai, Ennore and Tuticorin. It has an intermediate port at Nagapattinam and 15 minor ports.
Question 120
Which port was recently upgraded as a Major Port of Tamil Nadu?
A
Nagapattinam
B
Karaikal
C
Cuddalore
D
Ennore
Question 120 Explanation: 
Ennore intermediate port was recently converted as a major port and handles the major coal and ore traffic in Tamil Nadu.
Question 121
Which is the Central Postal Head quarter of Tamil Nadu?
A
Tiruchirappalli
B
Chennai
C
Coimbatore
D
Madurai
Question 122
What is defined as the Balance of Trade?
A
Difference between the values of Exports and Imports
B
No of Exports and the total Manufacture
C
Difference between Total Demand and Supply
D
All the above
Question 122 Explanation: 
Import refers to goods and services are brought from overseas producers. Tamil Nadu imports many goods from outside. The difference between the values of export and import is called the balance of trade.
Question 123
  • Assertion (A): Disastrous events which are caused directly by Human actions are called as  Manmade Disaster.
  • Reasoning(R): Man-made disaster includes Explosions and Terrorism activities only.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 123 Explanation: 
Disastrous events caused directly or indirectly by human actions are called as manmade disaster. Man-made disaster can include hazardous material spills, fires, groundwater contamination, transportation accidents, structure failures, mining accidents, explosions and acts of terrorism.
Question 124
Which of the following incidents are termed as the Stampede?
A
Sivakasi fireworks Company explosions
B
Industrial Accident in Coimbatore Tier melting unit.
C
Disasters due to aging of materials used in production units.
D
In a Local temple festival near Thuraiyur in 2019.
Question 124 Explanation: 
A situation in which a large number of animals or people running in the same direction in an uncontrolled way causing injuries and deaths is called stamping. On 21st April, 2019 seven people were killed and 10 injured in a stampede during a local festival at a temple near Thuraiyur in Tamil Nadu.
Question 125
Which of these is the Disaster management Organizations in the District level?
A
Home Guards
B
Forest Department
C
Public Works Department
D
Transport Department
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