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Industrial Revolution Book Back Questions 9th Social Science Lesson 10

9th Social Science Lesson 10

10] Industrial Revolution

Book Back Questions with Answer and Do You Know Box Content

Do You Know?

The coal production in England increased from 4.7 million tonnes in 1750 to 250 million tonnes in 1900.

With the use of steam engines, the number of factories in Prussia grew from 419 in 1837 to 1,444 in 1849. The production of coal increased from one million ton in 1820 to over 6 million in thirty years. From 46,000 tons of iron produced in 1810, iron production rose to 529,000 tons by 1850. Railroads increased from 3,638 miles in 1850 to a distance of 11,600 miles in 1870.

In 1806, agriculture employed about 65.1% in France, It decreased to 42.5% in 1896. During the same period industries had grown in its share of employment from 20.4% in 1806 to 31.4% by 1896.

Cartel is an association of manufacturers or suppliers with the purpose of maintaining prices at a higher level and of restricting competition.

In 1846, an American, Elias Howe invented the ‘sewing machine’ to stitch clothes. With the invention of new methods of bleaching, dyeing and printing, cloth with different colours could be produced during the early half of 19th century.

Choose the best answers:

1. Who established the first steam boat service?

(a) Arkwright

(b) Samuel Crompton

(c) Robert Fulton

(d) James watt

2. Why Manchester was considered ideal for textile production?

(a) Availability of land

(b) Rich human resources

(c) Better living condition

(d) Cool climate

3. Who invented the sewing machine?

(a) Elias Howe

(b) Eli-Whitney

(c) Samuel Crompton

(d) Humphrey Davy

4. Which family introduced steam engine in France?

(a) de Wendel

(b) De Hindal

(c) De Arman

(d) De Renault

5. Who called Slater, the father of American Industrial revolution?

(a) F.D. Roosevelt

(b) Andrew Jackson

(c) Winston Churchill

(d) Woodrow Wilson

6. Which of the following is observed to commemorate the Hay Market Massacre?

(a) Independence Day

(b) Farmers Day

(c) Labour Day

(d) Martyrs Day

7. Where was Zollverein Customs Union formed?

(a) England

(b) Germany

(c) France

(d) America

8. Who produced the first batch of automobiles in France?

(a) Louis Renault

(b) Armand Peugeot

(c) Thomas Alva Edison

(d) Mc Adam

9. What was the invention that removed seeds from cotton?

(a) Rolling mill

(b) Cotton Gin

(c) Spinning Mule

(d) Spinning Jenny

10. Which of the following was used as fuel in olden days to smelt iron?

(a) Coke

(b) Charcoal

(c) Firewood

(d) Paper

Fill in the blanks:

1. ____________ called for voting rights to men in England.

2. _____________ changed the way roads were built around the world.

3. _______________ discovered a faster and cheaper method of production of steel.

4. ___________ advocated scientific socialism.

5. The first rail road line started in Germany was in the year _______________

Consider the following the statements and tick the appropriate answer:

1. i) British mine-owners were faced with the problem of water seeping into their mines.

ii) Employing human labour was cheap for this work.

iii) Newton invented a steam engine to pump water out of mines.

iv) Water had to be removed to get coal in mines.

(a) i is correct

(b) ii and iii are correct

(c) i and iv are correct

(d) iii is correct

2. i) Trade Unions were formed by labourers to get their rights.

ii) Germany’s political setup was the most significant challenge for the industrial revolution.

iii) To protect capitalists Karl Marx advocated socialism.

iv) There were no natural resources in Germany.

(a) i is correct

(b) ii and iii are correct

(c) i and iv are correct

(d) iii is correct

3. Assertion (A): Workers had rights to get holidays.

Reason (R): There were laws to protect the workers.

(a) A is correct R is wrong

(b) Both A & R are wrong

(c) Both A and R are correct

(d) A is correct R is not correct explanation of A

4. Assertion (A): Slater was called the Father of the American Industrial Revolution.

Reason (R): His spinning textile mill was duplicated and his techniques became popular.

(a) A is correct and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) A is wrong and R is the correct explanation of A

(c) Both A and R is wrong

(d) Both A and R is correct

Match the following:

1. Benz – U.S.A

2. Safety Lamp – Louis Renault

3. Quadricycle – Humphrey Davy

4. Great Railroad Strike – Lancashire

5. Coalfield – Germany

Answers:

Choose the correct statements:

1. Robert Fulton 2. Cool climate 3. Elias Howe 4.de Wendel 5. Andrew Jackson 6. Labour day 7. Germany 8. Armand Peugeot 9. Cotton Gin 10. Charcoal

Fill in the blanks:

1. The Chartists 2. John Loudon McAdam 3. Henry Bessemer 4. Karl Marx 5.1835

Consider the following statements and choose the correct statements:

1. Statement i and iv is correct 2. Statement i and ii is correct

3. Both A and R are wrong statements 4. Statement A is correct and R is the correct explanation of A.

Match the following:

1. Germany 2. Humphrey Davy 3. Louis Renault 4. USA 5. Lancashire

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