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Local Self Government Book Back Questions 9th Social Science Lesson 24

9th Social Science Lesson 24

24] Local Self Government

Book Back Questions with Answer and Do You Know Box Content

Do You Know?

He tried to remove obstacles in the sphere of Local Self Government by his resolution of 1882. He led a series of enactments in which larger powers of the local self-government were given to the rural and urban bodies and the elected people received wider rights.

Lord Ripon: Lord Ripon was the one who gave Indians the first taste of freedom by introducing the Local Self Government in 1882. Ripon took some steps towards liberalizing the administration in India. He formulated the local self-government and made it clear that he was advocating for the decentralization of administration.

Historical Origin and Development of Local Self Government in Tamil Nadu: Tamil Nadu has a long history of local self-governance as is evident from the Utthiramerur stone inscriptions of Paranthaka Chola I, in Kanchipuram District. Village republics, reached its peak during the reign of Cholas. These Village Councils had effective links with the Chola rulers. “Kuda Olai Murai” was the name of the secret ballot method exercised to elect members to the Village Councils. With the downfall of Cholas, the stat experienced a decline of the village autonomy and rise of the centralized feudal administrative system. This continued till British rules introduced local self-governance primarily as an administrative convenience for the colonial British Government. In the post-independence era, the first enactment in democratic decentralization in the state was the Madras Village Panchayats Act, 1950. Pursuant to the White Paper on the ‘Reform of Local Administration’ in 1957, the Madras Panchayats Act, 1958 and Madras District Development Council Act were enacted with the following salient features.

Gandhi’s Concept of Gram Swaraj: Gandhi really wanted ‘Swaraj’, the self-rule by the people of India who represent the rural mass. He observed ‘India’s soul lives in the village’. He dreamt of village republics in terms of Panchayat in free India. Mahatma Gandhi advocated Panchayat Raj, a decentralized form of government, where each village is responsible for its own affairs, as the foundation of India’s political system. In simpler words, Gandhi’s ideal village should be basically self-reliant, making provision for all necessities of life-food clothing, clean water, sanitation, housing, education, and other requirements, including government and self-defence.

In Tamil Nadu, there are 15 Corporations. They are in Chennai, Kovai, Madurai, Trichy, Tirunelveli, Salem, Erode, Vellore, Tuticorin, Tiruppur, Tanjore, Dindigul, Nagarkoil, Hosur, and Avadi.

Periyar as chairman of Municipality: Periyar E.V. Ramasamy became the Chairman of Erode Municipality in 1917. During his tenure in Erode Municipality, Periyar works effectively for providing piped drinking water supply and health facilities to the people. Piped water supply scheme was implemented in 1919 by Periyar. This scheme was said to be first of kind in the history of Indian Municipal administration.

Choose the best answers:

1. Which committee was appointed by the planning commission in 1985?

(a) Balwant Rai Mehta

(b) Ashok Mehta

(c) G K Rao

(d) L M Singhvi

2. The Uthiramerur stone inscription show evidences of prevelant local self-government during the ______________ period in Tamil Nadu.

(a) Chola

(b) Chera

(c) Pandiya

(d) Pallava

3. The 73rd and 74th constitutional Amendment Acts, was enacted during the year in _____________

(a) 1992

(b) 1995

(c) 1997

(d) 1990

4. ____________ act as the inspector of Village Panchayat.

(a) Commissioner

(b) District Collector

(c) Councillors

(d) Mayor

Fill in the blanks:

1. ___________ is known as the ‘Father of Local Governments’.

2. Restoration of ___________ has become an article of faith during our freedom struggle.

3. ______________ was the name of the secret ballot method exercised to elect members to the village councils during the Chola period.

4. Local Government which function in villages are called ___________

5. ______________ will look after the administration of the Town Panchayat.

Match the following:

1. Zilla Parishad – Villages

2. Gram Sabhas – Mayor

3. Ward Committees – Chairman

4. Panchayat Union – District Collector

5. Corporation – Municipalities

Correct the statements:

1. Panchayat Union is formed by grouping of Districts.

2. District Panchayat is constituted in each village.

3. The Municipal Commissioner will be a person from the Indian Administration Service (IAS) .

4. In Village Panchayat, the President and ward members are elected by the people.

Answers:

Choose the correct answers:

1. G K Rao Committee 2. Cholas 3. 1992 4. District Collector

Fill in the blanks:

1. Lord Ripon 2. Panchayats 3. Kudavolai 4. Village Panchayats 5. Executive Officer

Match the following:

1. District Collector 2. Villages 3. Municipalities 4. Chairman 5. Mayor

Correct the statements:

1. Wrong

Panchayat Union is formed by grouping of villages.

2. Wrong

Village Panchayat is constituted in each village.

3. Correct

The Municipal Commissioner will be a person from the Indian Administration Service (IAS) .

4. Correct

In Village Panchayat, the President and ward members are elected by the people.

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