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Outbreak of World War I and Its Aftermath Book Back Questions 10th Social Science Lesson 1

10th Social Science Lesson 1

1] Outbreak of World War I and Its Aftermath

Book Back Questions with Answer and Do You Know Box Content

Do You Know?

A trust is an industrial organisation engaged in the production or distribution of any commodity. The trust would possess adequate control over the supply and price of that commodity to its own advantage.

Trench Warfare: Trenches or ditches dug by troops enabled soldiers to safely stand and protect themselves from enemy fire. The main lines of trenches were connected to each other and to the rear by a series of linking trenches through which food, ammunition, fresh troops, mail, and orders were delivered.

President Wilson laid down his Fourteen Points, which were to be followed by the Allies. The most important one he highlighted was the need for ‘a general association of nations for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states like’.

The revolutionary Tamil poet Bharathiyar cheerfully welcomed the revolution in Russia by penning these poetic lines…

The Mother Great, the Power supreme,

Turned her glance benign towards Russia,

The Revolution of the Age,

Behold the wonder, rises high

The tyrant howling falls down limp,

The shoulders of the heavenly gods,

Are swelling now with joy and pride,

Eyes hot with unshed tears, the demons,

Perish. O people of the world,

Behold this mighty change!

Pravda is a Russian word meaning “Truth”. It was the official newspaper of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1918 to 1991.

Lenin was born in 1870 near the Middle Volga to educated parents. Influenced by the ideas of Karl Marx, Lenin believed that the way for freedom was through mass action. Lenin gained the support of a small majority (bolshinstvo) , known as Bolsheviks, which became the Bolshevik Part. His opponents, in minority (menshinstvo) , were called Mensheviks.

Choose the best answers:

1. What were the three major empires shattered by the end of First World War?

(a) Germany, Austria Hungary, and the Ottomans

(b) Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia

(c) Spain, Portugal and Italy

(d) Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy

2. Which country emerged as the strongest in East Asia towards the close of nineteenth century?

(a) China

(b) Japan

(c) Korea

(d) Mongolia

3. Who said “imperialism is the highest stage of capitalism”?

(a) Lenin

(b) Marx

(c) Sun Yat-Sen

(d) Mao Tsetung

4. What is the Battle of Marne remembered for?

(a) Air warfare

(b) Trench warfare

(c) Submarine warfare

(d) Ship warfare

5. To which country did the first Secretary General of League of Nations belong?

(a) Britain

(b) France

(c) Dutch

(d) USA

6. Which country was expelled from the League of Nations for attacking Finland?

(a) Germany

(b) Russia

(c) Italy

(d) France

Fill in the blanks:

1. Japan forced a war on China in the year ____________

2. The new state of Albania was created according to the Treaty of ______________ signed in May 1913.

3. Japan entered into an alliance with England in the year ______________

4. In the Balkans _____________ has mixed population.

5. In the battle of Tannenberg ______________ suffered heavy losses.

6. _______________ as Prime minister represented France in Paris Peace Conference.

7. Locarno Treaty was signed in the year ____________

Consider the following the statements and tick the appropriate answer:

1. i) The Turkish Empire contained many non-Turkish people in the Balkans.

ii) Turkey fought on the side of the central powers.

iii) Britain attacked Turkey and captured Constantinople.

iv) Turkey’s attempt to attack Suez Canal but were repulsed.

(a) i and ii are correct

(b) i and iii are correct

(c) iv is correct

(d) i, ii and iv are correct

2. Assertion: Germany and the United States were producing cheaper manufactured goods and capturing England’s markets.

Reason: Both the countries produced required raw material for their industries.

(a) Both A and R are correct

(b) A is right but R is not the correct reason

(c) Both A and R are wrong

(d) R is right but A is wrong

3. Assertion: The first European attempts to carve out colonies in Africa resulted in bloody battles.

Reason: There was stiff resistance from the native population.

(a) Both A and R are correct

(b) A is right but R is not the correct reason

(c) Both A and R are wrong

(d) R is right but A is wrong

Match the following:

1. Treaty of Brest – Litovsk – Versailles

2. Jingoism – Turkey

3. Kemal Pasha – Russia with Germany

4. Emden – England

5. Hall of Mirrors – Madras

Answers:

Choose the best answers:

1. Germany, Austria Hungary, and the Ottomans 2. Japan 3. Lenin 4. trench warfare 5. Britain 6. Russia

Fill in the blanks:

1. 1894 2. London 3. 1902 4. Macedonia 5. Russia 6. Clemenceau 7. 1925

Consider the statements given below and choose the correct option:

1. i) and ii) are correct

2. Both A and R are wrong

3. A is right but R is not the correct reason

Match the following:

1.Treaty of Brest- Litovsk – Russia with Germany

2.Jingoism – England

3.Kemal Pasha – Turkey

4.Emden – Madras

5.Hall of Mirrors – Versailles

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