Book Back QuestionsTnpsc

Understanding Development: Perspectives, Measurement and Sustainability Book Back Questions 9th Social Science Lesson 26

9th Social Science Lesson 26

26] Understanding Development: Perspectives, Measurement and Sustainability

Book Back Questions with Answer and Do You Know Box Content

Do You Know?

Final money value of total goods and services produced within the geographic boundaries of a country during a specified period of time, normally a year is known as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) .

Per Capita Income: According to the World Bank report, new income measurements of countries are classified as below (2017-18):

Types of Countries Per Capita Income (US Dollar)

1. Low Income < 1005

2. Lower Middle Income 1006 – 3955

3. Upper Middle Income 3956 – 12,235

4. High Income > 12,235

The Ministry of Human Resource Development is responsible for the development of human resources in India. Its headquarters is situated at Shastri Bhavan in New Delhi.

Literacy rate of Tamil Nadu is the second highest among the southern states. Tamil Nadu’s literacy rate is higher than the national average. The enrolment for higher education in Tamil Nadu is the highest in India.

The Growth Story of Tamil Nadu: Tamil Nadu is one of the states having achieved rapid progress with a relatively short period, despite it started from appalling levels of poverty, deprivation and inequality. During the short period, Tamil Nadu much to the consternation of many economists, initiated bold social programmes such as universal midday meals in primary schools and started putting in place an extensive social infrastructure – schools, health centres, roads, public transport, water supply, electricity connections, and much more. Today, Tamil Nadu has some of the best public services among all Indian states, and many of them are accessible to all on a non-discriminatory basis. Last but not least, there is no evidence that the cultivation of human capability has been at the cost of conventional economic success, such as fast economic growth. Tamil Nadu have some of the highest per capita incomes and lowest poverty rates among all Indian states. Economic growth, in turn, has enabled these states to sustain and consolidate active social policies. This is an important example of the complementarity between economic growth and public support.

Consider the following the statements and tick the appropriate answer:

1. Assertion (A): Development increases the quality of life.

Reason (R): People will have higher incomes, better education, better health and nutrition, less poverty.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)

(b) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) does not explains (A)

(c) (A) is correct (R) is false

(d) (A) is false (R) is true

2. The term ‘Human resources’ refers to

(a) Investment on poor people

(b) Expenditure on agriculture

(c) Investment on assets

(d) Collective abilities of people

3. For comparing development between countries, their ___________ is considered to be one of the most important attributes.

(a) Growth

(b) Income

(c) Expenditure

(d) Savings

4. _______________ is considered a true measure of national income.

(a) GNP

(b) GDP

(c) NNP

(d) NDP

5. The ___________ income is also called per capita income.

(a) Average

(b) Total

(c) People

(d) Monthly

6. Which one of the following country is not a G-8 country?

(a) Japan

(b) Canada

(c) Russia

(d) India

7. Which one of the following country is not a member of SAARC?

(a) India

(b) Pakistan

(c) China

(d) Bhutan

8. Assertion (A): The Net National Product (NNP) is considered as a true measure of national output.

Reason (R): It is known as national income.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)

(b) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) does not explains (A)

(c) (A) is correct (R) is false

(d) (A) is false (R) is true

9. Assertion (A): Human resource is necessary for the progress of any country.

Reason (R): Investment in education and health of people can result in a high rate of returns in the future for a country.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)

(b) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) does not explains (A)

(c) (A) is correct (R) is false

(d) (A) is false (R) is true

10. The Human Development Index (HDI) does not take into account the following dimensions in its calculation

(a) Gender

(b) Health

(c) Education

(d) Income

11. Among the following states which states have the literacy rate (2011) higher than national average?

(a) Andhra Pradesh

(b) Uttar Pradesh

(c) Tamil Nadu

(d) None of these

12. Sex-ratio means

a) The ratio between adult-male and adult female in population.

b) The ratio between female and male in a population

c) The relationship between male of female

d) The number of females per thousand males.

13. Inter-generational equality is ensuring under the process of

a) Industrial progress

(b) Economic development

c) Sustainable development

(d) Economic growth

14. Find the odd one

(a) Solar energy

(b) Wind energy

(c) Paper

(d) Natural gas

15. _____________ is the state with highest installed solar capacity in India.

(a) Tamil Nadu

(b) West Bengal

(c) Kerala

(d) Andhra Pradesh

16. ____________ resources are those which will get exhauster after years of use.

(a) Natural

(b) Renewable

(c) Non-renewable

(d) New

17. Thermal plant emits large quantity of _________, which pollutes the environments.

(a) Oxygen

(b) Nitrogen

(c) Carbon

(d) Carbon dioxide

Fill in the blanks:

1. Economic progress of any country is known as ______________

2. The headquarters of HRD ministry is in ___________

3. The state having the highest literacy rate in India is _____________

4. Human development report of the world prepared and released by ______________

5. Groundwater is an example of _____________ resource.

6. The book an uncertain glory was written by ____________

Match the following:

1. Development – Wild Life Protection Act

2. Human resource – Renewable resources

3. Solar energy – Part of daily life

4. 1972 – Education

Answers:

Choose the correct answers:

1. Both A and R is True and R explains the Statement A 2. Collective abilities of people

3. Income 4. NNP 5. Average 6. India 7. China

8. Both A and R is True and R explains the statement A

9. Both A and R is True and R explains the statement A

10. Gender 11. Tamil Nadu 12. The number of females per thousand males. 13. Sustainable development 14. Paper 15. Tamil Nadu

16. Non-renewable 17. Carbon dioxide

Fill in the blanks:

1. Economic development 2. Sastri Bhavan, New Delhi 3. Kerala 4. Union Nation Development Programme 5. Renewable water source 6. Prof. Amartya Sen

Match the following:

1. Part of daily life 2. Education 3. Renewable resources 4. Wild Life Protection Act

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button