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Vijayanagara and Bahmani Kingdoms Book Back Questions 7th Social Science Lesson 11

7th Social Science Lesson 11

11] Vijayanagara and Bahmani Kingdoms

Book Back Questions with Answer and Do You Know Box Content

Do You Know?

Bukka I’s son Kumara Kampana ended the sultanate in Madurai and succeeded in establishing Nayak kingdom there. The conquest of the Madurai Sultanate by the Vijayanagara Empire is described in detail in the poem Madura Vijayam composed by Kamapana’s wife Gangadevi.

The site of the city of Vijayanagar on the bank of the river Tungabhadra in eastern Karnataka is now called Hampi. Hampi is in ruins and the UNESCO has declared it a heritage site.

Amutkamalyada is considered a masterpiece in Telugu literature. It relates the story of the daughter of Periazhvar, Goda Devi (Andal) , who used to wear the garlands intended for Lord Ranganatha before they were offered to the deity, and hence the name Amutkamalyada who wears and gives away garlands.

The Golconda Fort is located about 11 kilometres from Hyderabad on a hill 120 metres height. The fort is popular for its acoustic architecture. The highest point of the fort is Bala Hissar. It is believed that there is a secret underground tunnel, which leads from the Durbar Hall to one of the palaces at the foot of the hills.

Turquoise is a semi-precious stone sky blue in colour. Turquoise throne is one of the bejewelled royal seats of Persian kings described in Firdausi’s Shah Nama.

Eight ministers of the Bahmani state: (1) Vakil-us-saltana or lieutenant of the kingdom, who was the immediate subordinate authority of the sovereign; (2) Peshwa who was associated with the lieutenant of the kingdom; (3) Waziri-kull who supervised the work of all other ministers; (4) Amir-i-jumla, minister of finance; (5) Nazir, assistant minister for finance; (6) Wasir-i-ashraf, minister of foreign affairs; (7) Kotwal or chief of police and city magistrate in the capital; and (8) Sadr-i-jahan or chief justice and minister of religious affairs and endowments.

Choose the best answers:

1. Who was the greatest ruler of Sangama Dynasty?

(a) Bukka

(b) Deavaraya II

(c) Harihara II

(d) Krishna Devaraya

2. Which was the most common animal depicted on the pillars of Vijayanagar style?

(a) Elephant

(b) Horse

(c) Cow

(d) Deer

3. Who was the last ruler of the Sangama Dynasty?

(a) Rama Raya

(b) Tirumaladeva Raya

(c) Devaraya II

(d) Virupaksha Raya II

4. Who ended the Sultanate in Madurai?

(a) Saluva Narasimha

(b) Devaraya II

(c) Kumara Kampana

(d) Tirumaladeva Raya

5. Name the Bahmani King who was a linguist and a poet

(a) Ala-ud-din Hasan Shah

(b) Muhammad I

(c) Sultan Firoz

(d) Mujahid

Fill in the blanks:

1. ____________ was the capital of Aravidu dynasty.

2. Vijayanagar emperors issued a large number of gold coins called ______________

3. Mahmud Gawan used _____________ chemists to teach the preparation and use of gunpowder.

4. In Vijayanagara administration ____________ looked after the affairs of villages.

Match the following:

1. Vijayanagara – Ruler of Odisha

2. Prataparudra – Astadiggajas

3. Krishna Devaraya – Pandurangamahatyam

4. Abdur Razzaq – City of victory

5. Tenali Ramakrishna – Persian emissary

Consider the following the statements and tick the appropriate answer:

1. Assertion (A): The Vijayanagar army was considered one of the feared armies in India.

Reason (R): Vijayanagar armies used both firearm and cavalry.

(a) R is not the correct explanation of A

(b) R is correct explanation of A

(c) A is correct and R is wrong

(d) A and R are correct

2. Find out the wrong pair:

(a) Sild – China

(b) Spices – Arabia

(c) Precious stone – Burma

(d) Madurai Vijayam – Gangadevi

3. Find the odd one out:

Harihara II, Muhammad I, Krishnadeva Raya, Devaraya I.

4. Consider the following statements and find out which is/are correct:

I. Turquoise throne is one of the bejewelled royal seats of Persian kings described in Firdausi’s Shah Nama.

II. The fertile regions between the rivers Krishna and Tungabhadra and Krishna – Godavari delta were the zones of conflict among the rulers of Vijayanagar, and Bahmani.

III. Muhammad I was educated at Multan.

IV. Mahmud Gawan served with great distinction as the Prime Minister under Muhammad III.

(a) i, ii are correct

(b) i, ii, iii are correct

(c) i, ii, iv is correct

(d) iii, iv is correct

State true or false:

1. Harihara and Bukka were the founder of Bahmani kingdom.

2. Krishnadeva Raya, who reigned for 20 years, was the most illustrious rulers of Sangama dynasty.

3. Alasani Peddana was the greatest of all Astadiggajas.

4. Kingship of Vijayanagar administration was hereditary, based on the principle of primo geniture.

5. There were 18 monarchs of the Bahmani dynasty.

Answers:

Choose the best answer:

1. Deavaraya II 2. Horse 3. Virupaksha Raya II 4. Kumara Kampana 5. Sultan Firoz

Fill in the blanks:

1. Penukonda 2. Varahas 3. Persian 4. Gauda

Match the following:

1. City of victory 2. Ruler of Odisha 3. Astadiggajas 4. Persian emissary 5. Pandurangamahatyam

Consider the following the statements and tick the appropriate answer:

1. R is correct explanation of A

2. Find out the wrong pair: Spices – Arabia

3. Find the odd one out: Muhammad I

4. i, ii, iv is correct

State true or false:

1.False

Correct Statement: Harihara and Bukka were the founder of the Vijayanagara kingdom.

2.False

Correct Statement: Krishnadeva Raya, who reigned for 20 years, was the most illustrious rulers of Tuluva dynasty.

3.True

4.True

5.True

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