Indian Economy Before and After Independence

1] Indian Economy During British Period

  1. What was the main core of Indian economy?

Village Economy

  1. What was the percentage of people depending on agriculture in India?

60% of the population.

  1. Where did trade and commerce flourish in India?

Urban centers

  1. What was the important occupation of India after independence?


  1. What was the most famous occupation of India?


2] India after Independence

  1. Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru gave importance to agriculture, irrigation and power projects.
  2. What is mixed economy?

Mixed economy is where both private and public sector co-exists.

  1. To achieve progress in India Nehru decided to bring both the private sector and public sector together. This is called as mixed economy.
  2. Who said the five year plan will result in fast growth of nation?

Jawaharlal Nehru

  1. From which country did India got the idea of Five Year plan system?

Soviet Union

  1. In which period did India establish five year plan period?


  1. Who was the head of five year plan?

President of India

  1. What are the main scopes of Five Year plan?
  • Increasing national income
  • Reducing inequalities in income and wealth
  • Elimination of poverty
  • Providing additional employment
  • Removing bottle necks in agriculture production and manufacturing sector.
  1. Which council was established for seeking permission from state government for the five year plan?

National Development Council

  1. Who is the head of National Development Council?

State government`s Chief Minister

  1. How many five year plans has been completed in India?

11 Five Year plan and 12th Five year plan is going on now.

  1. What was the period of 11th five year plan?

2007 to 2012

  1. In which month did they start the 11th five year plan?

April 2007

  1. What are the main objectives of 11th five year plan?
  • Increasing public investment in irrigation, rural electrification and rural roads.
  • To reduce subsidy in power and fertilizer
  • Promoting agriculture research
  • To ensure environmental protection
  • Larger employment opportunity
  • To develop rural infrastructure
  • To abolish poverty
  • To reduce dropout rate in primary schools
  1. Which is the backbone of our nation?


  1. What is rate of national income from agriculture?


  1. When was green revolution introduced in India?


  1. Who established green revolution?

Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR)

  1. What is green revolution?

It is using of High Yielding Varieties of seeds for growth of rice and wheat in large quantity.

  1. Trough which measure has countries like India has growth in food production?

Green Revolution

  1. In which sector India has got good development?

Food Production

  1. Name some public sector units?

Naively Lignite Corporation, Bharath Heavy Electricals Limited, BSNL and Air India.

  1. Which year has special significance in Indian economy?

Period of 1991 where New Economic Reform was introduced.

  1. What were the New Economic Reforms?

Liberalization, Privatalization and Globalization.

  1. Examples of cottage industries – handlooms and coir industries
  2. What is the linkage of local market with that if the world’s market?


  1. How many atomic power stations are there in India?


  1. Which satellite discovered that there is water in moon?

Chandrayan 1 which was launched in 2008

  1. Which was the first satellite launched by India?

Aryabhatta I – launched during 1975

  1. What is the rank of India in case of Telecommunication?

10th Rank

  1. Name some Information Technology of India?

Infosys, Wipro, TCS and Cognizant

  1. What is the literacy rate of India according to 2011 census?


  1. What is the male literacy rate of India?


  1. What is the female literacy rate in India?


  1. What is the total literacy rate of India?

560.68 million

  1. Which state has highest literacy rate?

Kerala (93.91%)

  1. Which state has lowest literacy rate?

Bihar (63.82%)

  1. What is the literacy rate of Tamil Nadu?


  1. What is the act formed for compulsory education for children below 14 years?

Right to Children Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009

  1. What is the act which was formed for education for all?

Sarva Siksha Abyan

  1. In order to improve secondary education the government passed a new act called as Rastriya Madhamic Siksha Abyan
  2. What is the rank of India in case of Higher Education?

3rd Rank

  1. Which the main governing body for Higher Education in India?

University Grants Commission

  1. What is the rank of Tamil Nadu in India in case of Socio-economic development?


  1. In Tamil Nadu during whose period did they find growth in the Primary Education?

Thiru.K.Kamaraj, the (Ex) Chief Minister

  1. In providing higher education Tamil Nadu is being top most state in India.
  2. What is the aim of Tamil Nadu government in the gross enrollment rate for higher education during 2020?


  1. Which is the most important occupation for people of Tamil Nadu?


  1. Name some places where thermal power stations are there in Tamil Nadu?

Ennore, Tuticorin, Mettur, Basin Bridge and Naively

  1. Name some places where hydel power stations are there in Tamil Nadu?

Mettur, Kundah, Periyar Dam, Kothayar Dam, Pykara, Singara and Moyar

  1. Name some places where atomic energy is found in Tamil Nadu?

Kalpakkam and Koodankulam

  1. Name some places where wind energy is found in Tamil Nadu?

Coimbatore, Kanyakumari, Tuticorin, Ramanathapuram and Thirunelveli

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