Effects of British Rule Online Test 11th History Lesson 12 Questions in English

Effects of British Rule Online Test 11th History Lesson 12 Questions in English

Congratulations - you have completed Effects of British Rule Online Test 11th History Lesson 12 Questions in English. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
Which battle was the real foundation battle for British dominion in India?
A
First battle of Panipat
B
Battle of Plassey
C
Battle of Buxar
D
Battle of Talikota
Question 1 Explanation: 
Battle of Buxar was the real foundation battle for British dominion in India. As a result of the Battle of Buxar, the Company ceased to be a company of merchants and became a formidable political force.
Question 2
When Bengal famine happened after which British began to exercise power with some responsibility?
A
1664
B
1770
C
1712
D
1751
Question 2 Explanation: 
Initially, the English East India Company’s focus was not on administration. Its aim was ensuring smooth trade. However, after the terrible Bengal famine of 1770, they began to exercise power with some responsibility.
Question 3
Which Mughal emperor opposed the British in Battle of Buxar?
A
Alamgir II
B
Aurangzeb
C
Sher Shah Suri
D
Shah Alam II
Question 3 Explanation: 
Not only the Nawab of Bengal and Oudh, but the Mughal emperor Shah Alam II and his prime minister were also opposed to the British in Battle of Buxar.
Question 4
Who was appointed Governor of Fort William, Under the pretext of corruption in Bengal administration?
A
Charles Cornwallis
B
Robert Clive
C
Warren Hasting
D
William Bentinck
Question 4 Explanation: 
Under the pretext of corruption in Bengal administration Robert Clive was appointed Governor of Fort William.
Question 5
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Clive did not like his predecessor Vansittart’s decision restoring Oudh to Shah Alam. So, he called for fresh negotiation with Shuja-ud-daulah.
  2. As a result of this, four treaties of Allahabad were signed. The emperor granted the Diwani (revenue administration) of Bengal, Bombay and Delhi to the Company.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 5 Explanation: 
As a result of this, two treaties of Allahabad were signed. The emperor granted the Diwani (revenue administration) of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the Company.
Question 6
Who was to get the districts of Allahabad and Kora, besides an annual allowance of 26 lakhs of rupees from the revenues of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa?
A
Shah Alam II
B
Robert Clive
C
Vansittart
D
Mir Qasim
Question 6 Explanation: 
The emperor Shah Alam II was to get the districts of Allahabad and Kora, besides an annual allowance of 26 lakhs of rupees from the revenues of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
Question 7
The province of Oudh was restored to whom on the payment of war indemnity?
A
Mir Qasim
B
Shah Alam II
C
Shuja-Ud-Daula
D
Safdar-Jang
Question 7 Explanation: 
The province of Oudh was restored to Shuja-ud-daula on the payment of war indemnity. The treaties held the Nawab of Bengal responsible for the governance of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
Question 8
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Before the emperor granted the Diwani to Clive, the Nawab of Bengal, successor of Mir Jafar, had practically transferred the Nizamat to the Company. So, the Company had to function as Diwan and the Nizam.
  2. The Diwan’s duty included the collection of revenue and the control of civil justice. The Nizam’s function was to exercise military power and to dispense criminal justice.
  3. The Nizam acquired the real power, while the responsibility of administration was with the company. This arrangement is called oligarchy.
A
Only 2
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 1 and 3
D
Both 2 and 3
Question 8 Explanation: 
The Company acquired the real power, while the responsibility of administration was with the Nawab. This arrangement is called Dual System or Double government or Dyarchy.
Question 9
Who was appointed the Governor General of Bengal after  the Regulating Act of 1773 was passed?
A
Lord William Bentinck
B
Robert Clive
C
Charles Cornwallis
D
Warren Hastings
Question 9 Explanation: 
Governance without responsibility led to the outbreak of a terrible famine in 1770. Finally, the Company realized its responsibility and passed the Regulating Act of 1773. Warren Hastings was appointed the Governor General of Bengal.
Question 10
Who was the administrative head of East India Company until 1772?
A
Governor
B
Viceroy
C
Queen
D
Governor General of India
Question 10 Explanation: 
The administrative head of East India Company was Governor (of Fort William or of Fort St. George) until 1772. Warren Hastings who was Governor of Fort William was made Governor-General of Bengal.
Question 11
Which act designated the Governor-General of Bengal post as Governor-General of India and William Bentinck was appointed the first Governor-General of united British India?
A
Regulation act of 1773
B
Regulation act of 1813
C
The charter act of 1833
D
The pit India act of 1784
Question 11 Explanation: 
The Charter Act 1833 designated this post as Governor-General of India and William Bentinck was appointed the first Governor-General of united British India. The Governor-General was selected by the Court of Directors of the East India Company, to whom he was responsible.
Question 12
After which incident the government of India was transferred from the East India Company to the Crown?
A
Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre
B
First Rebellion of 1818
C
First Anglo-Sikh war
D
Great Rebellion of 1857
Question 12 Explanation: 
After the great rebellion of 1857, when the government of India was transferred from the East India Company to the Crown, the title “Viceroy and Governor-General” was first used in the queen’s proclamation of 1858.
Question 13
Who was the first Viceroy and Governor-General of India accountable to the British Parliament?
A
Bentinck
B
Canning
C
Cornwallis
D
Mountbatten
Question 13 Explanation: 
Canning was the first Viceroy and Governor-General of India accountable to the British Parliament.
Question 14
Which act separated the civil and military establishments in India?
A
The Regulation act of 1773
B
The pit India act of 1784
C
The charter act of 1833
D
Negotiable Instruments act of 1881
Question 14 Explanation: 
The Pitt India Act of 1784 separated the civil and military establishments in India. The Regulating Act of 1773 imposed on the court of Directors the legal obligation of informing all revenue transactions of the Company servants to the British Treasury.
Question 15
Which Governor-general himself a big landlord, wanted to create landlords after the British model in India?
A
Bentinck
B
Canning
C
Cornwallis
D
Mountbatten
Question 15 Explanation: 
Governor-General Cornwallis, himself a big landlord, wanted to create landlords after the British model in India.
Question 16
Which middle man was created as a result of Cornwallis came in settlement with revenue farmers?
A
Zamindars
B
Mahalwari
C
Palayakkarar
D
Thalaikots
Question 16 Explanation: 
Cornwallis came to a settlement with the revenue farmers. This resulted in the creation of a new type of middlemen, called zamindars, reducing the cultivators to the position of mere tenants.
Question 17
The settlement that Cornwallis made with the zamindars of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa in pursuance of the instruction from the Directors, is called ____
A
The native settlement
B
The land reform settlement
C
The permanent settlement
D
The migration settlement
Question 17 Explanation: 
The settlement that Cornwallis made with the zamindars of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa in pursuance of the instruction from the Directors, is called the Permanent Settlement.
Question 18
In which year Cornwallis made settlement with the zamindars of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa?
A
1773
B
1820
C
1793
D
1818
Question 18 Explanation: 
In the year 1793 the Cornwallis made settlement with the zamindars of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
Question 19
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. ‘Settlement’ refers to the assessment and fixing of the quantum of land revenue to be paid by each zamindar to the government. For Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, this was fixed permanently
  2. Thus, the zamindars who were originally tax collectors acquired hereditary rights over the land assigned by the government. The zamindars pocketed whatever they collected over and above the settlement.
  3. The first quarter of the nineteenth century was a formative period in the land revenue history of the Madras Province. First after a great deal of deliberations Permanent Settlement was adopted.
A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 2 and 3
D
All 1, 2 and 3
Question 20
In the first quarter of the nineteenth century the districts of Chengalpattu, Salem and Dindigul were divided into a number what and sold to the highest bidders?
A
Jillas
B
Mittahs
C
Zamindari
D
Palayam
Question 20 Explanation: 
The districts of Chengalpattu, Salem and Dindigul were divided into a number of mittahs and sold to the highest bidders. Most of the purchasers, after fleecing the peasants, failed in the course of a year or two. The experiment was therefore abandoned.
Question 21
Which revenue system was introduced in 1833 during the period of William Bentinck that land revenue was collected from individual cultivators?
A
Mahalwari
B
Ryotwari
C
Zamindar
D
Sathimar
Question 21 Explanation: 
Mahalwari was introduced in 1833 during the period of William Bentinck. Under the system the revenue settlement was made with the proprietor of the estate but the land revenue was collected from individual cultivators.
Question 22
What is the fixed period for the assessment of each village under the village lease system based on the actual collections over a series of past years?
A
Four years
B
Five years
C
Three years
D
Seven years
Question 22 Explanation: 
Under the Village Lease system, the assessment of each village was to be fixed for a period of three years based on the actual collections over a series of past years.
Question 23
Which among the following statement is incorrect
  1. In districts where mirasi rights existed, the mirasdar was made responsible for the rent collections. In districts where the mirasi rights did not exist, an arrangement was made with the village headman
  2. The village lease system was successful due to various reasons such as good monsoons, low price of grains and the high period of lease.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 23 Explanation: 
The village lease system failed due to various reasons such as bad monsoons, low price of grains and the short period of lease. When crops failed entire villages defaulted and fled without paying the revenue.
Question 24
Which system was introduced by court of Directors in 1814?
A
Mahalwari
B
Ryotwari
C
Zamindar
D
Sathimar
Question 24 Explanation: 
By 1814 the Court of Directors had decided to introduce the ryotwari system.
Question 25
Who formulated the Ryotwari system?
A
William Bentick
B
Charles Cornwallis
C
Mountbatten
D
Thomas Munro
Question 25 Explanation: 
Ryotwari system was formulated by Governor Thomas Munro. Under this system the ryot, an Anglicization by the British in India of the Arabic word ra'īyah, meaning a peasant or cultivator, was the proprietor and tax payer of the land.
Question 26
Once in how many years the revenue assessment of Ryotwari system was reviewed?
A
Ten
B
Fourteen
C
Thirty
D
Thirty-Six
Question 26 Explanation: 
The revenue assessment of Ryotwari system was reviewed once in thirty years, taking into account the changes in grain prices, marketing opportunities, irrigation facilities and the like.
Question 27
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. The ryotwari system introduced the concept of private property in land. The individual holders were registered and issued pattas.
  2. They were permitted not allowed to sell, lease, mortgage or transfer the right over land in Ryotwari system.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 27 Explanation: 
They were permitted to sell, lease, mortgage or transfer the right over land in Ryotwari system. Apart from eviction, default could result in attachment of livestock, household property and personal belongings.
Question 28
In which year Thomas Munro arrived madras?
A
1793
B
1800
C
1780
D
1768
Question 28 Explanation: 
Thomas Munro arrived Madras in 1780. In the first 12 years he was engaged in Mysore War as soldier. He worked in the Baramahal (Salem district) from 1792-1799 and Kanara from 1799-1800.
Question 29
In which among the following district Thomas Munro was not a collector?
A
Kadapa
B
Hyderabad
C
Kurnool
D
Anantapur
Question 29 Explanation: 
Thomas Munro was collector of Ceded Districts: Kadapa, Kurnool, Chittoor, Anantapur. It was during this period that he conceived the idea of Ryotwari Settlement.
Question 30
In which year Thomas Munro became Governor of Madras Presidency and served for seven years?
A
1882
B
1809
C
1836
D
1820
Question 30 Explanation: 
In 1820 he became Governor of Madras Presidency and served for seven years. He also emphasized the need for Indianization of the services. He died of Cholera at Pattikonda (Karnool district) in July 1827.
Question 31
In which among the following system government deals directly with peasants or cultivator without the intervention of any middlemen?
A
Ryotwari
B
Zamindar
C
Mahalwari
D
Tranquizar
Question 31 Explanation: 
The government dealt with peasants or cultivator directly without the intervention of any middlemen. Under this system the ryot, an Anglicization by the British in India of the Arabic word ra'īyah, meaning a peasant or cultivator, was the proprietor and tax payer of the land.
Question 32
Who pursued a forward policy to establish British supremacy in India by annexation of territories?
A
Bentinck
B
Canning
C
Cornwallis
D
Wellesley
Question 32 Explanation: 
Governor General Wellesley (1798-1805) pursued a forward policy to establish British supremacy in India. His annexation of territories was not a result of victory in war. It was by assumption of the entire` administration of an Indian State, with its rulers retaining his title and receiving a fixed allowance.
Question 33
When Thomas Munro officially enforced the Ryotwari System in Madras?
A
1820
B
1832
C
1822
D
1819
Question 33 Explanation: 
In 1822, Thomas Shelby officially enforced the Ryotwari System in Madras. During his governorship, he gave attention to education and regarded any expenditure on it as an investment.
Question 34
Who among the following received subsidies for the maintenance of British contingents?
A
Nawab of Oudh
B
Nawab of Arcot
C
Nawab of Bengal
D
Nawab of Bombay
Question 34 Explanation: 
Before Wellesley, the Company concluded alliances with Indian princes. The Nizam and the Nawab of Oudh received subsidies for the maintenance of British contingents. Such forces were generally stationed outside the State concerned.
Question 35
Which among the following region was not brought under the British by Subsidiary Alliance System?
A
Mysore
B
Hyderabad
C
Delhi
D
Lucknow
Question 35 Explanation: 
Difficulties arose when the payments were not promptly paid. Wellesley broadened the scope of this arrangement by his Subsidiary Alliance System, bringing under its Hyderabad, Mysore, Lucknow, the Maratha Peshwa, the Bhonsle (Kolhapur) and Sindhia (Gwalior).
Question 36
Which among the following is not the provisions of the Subsidiary Treaty?
A
An Indian ruler entering into Subsidiary Alliance with the British had to dissolve his own armed forces and accept British forces and a British Resident in his territory
B
He had to pay for the British army’s maintenance. If he failed, a portion of his territory would be taken away and ceded to the British
C
The protected prince was to sever all connections with European powers other than the British, especially the French.
D
Any European should be employed without the permission of the British. Negotiation with any Indian power can be held without the Company’s permission
Question 36 Explanation: 
No European should be employed without the permission of the British. No negotiation with any Indian power should be held without the Company’s permission.
Question 37
Where Thomas Munro statue was erected in 1839 by public subscription?
A
Bombay
B
Madras
C
Calcutta
D
Delhi
Question 37 Explanation: 
Thomas Munro very popular governor, people constructed shrines in his honour, and named their children after him. His statue was erected at Madras in 1839 by public subscription.
Question 38
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. The Subsidiary System increased the military resources and efficiency of the Company government. The immediate result of this system was the discharge of thousands of professional soldiers by the political powers.
  2. The disbanded soldiers indulged in freebooting activities. Pindaris (marauders) began to swell on account of the Subsidiary System. In view of the guaranteed support to the Princes by the Company, the protective States mal-administered and paved the way for the annexation.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
none
Question 39
Which among the following region is the presidency during British period?
A
Delhi
B
Calcutta
C
Hyderabad
D
Lucknow
Question 39 Explanation: 
Distinction between ‘Presidency’ and ‘Province’: The British called Presidency the place where the office of Chief Administrative Head was situated. Madras, Bombay and Calcutta were the three Presidencies.
Question 40
Who introduced Doctrine of Lapse in British India?
A
William Bentinck
B
Macaulay
C
Dalhousie
D
Charles Travelyan
Question 40 Explanation: 
The doctrine of lapse was introduced by governor general Dalhousie in British India.
Question 41
Which was the first state to fall by applying Doctrine of Lapse?
A
Jhansi
B
Satara
C
Nagpur
D
Cochin
Question 41 Explanation: 
By applying this policy known as Doctrine of Lapse, the first state to was Satara. Shahji of Satara died (1848) and the son he adopted on the eve of his death was not recognized by Dalhousie.
Question 42
Who was the husband of Rani Lakshmi Bai, played a prominent role in Great Rebellion of 1857?
A
Gangadhar Rao
B
Nana Sahib
C
Tatya Hope
D
Maharana Pratap
Question 42 Explanation: 
Gangadhar Rao, Raja of Jhansi died in November 1853 and Dalhousie annexed that state immediately. His widow, Rani Lakshmi Bai, played a prominent role in the Great Rebellion of 1857.
Question 43
After Raghuji Bhonsle III died in 1853 without a child which among the following state was annexed by british?
A
Manipur
B
Satara
C
Nagpur
D
Cochin
Question 43 Explanation: 
Raghuji Bhonsle III died in 1853 without a child. Nagpur was immediately annexed.
Question 44
Which among the following statement is incorrect
  1. Governor General Dalhousie held that the paramount power could legally refuse to sanction adoption in the case of rulers of States dependent on it.
  2. The Doctrine of Lapse, thus, served as an instrument for the pursuit of its annexation policy. When the Crown took over India in 1858 Doctrine of Lapse was withdrawn
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 45
Who was the son of last peshwa, to whom Dalhousie refuse to pay pension?
A
Mangal Pandey
B
Tatya Tope
C
Baji Rao II
D
Nana Saheb
Question 45 Explanation: 
In 1851, the last Peshwa died. He had been a pensioner of the Company for thirty-three years, but Dalhousie refused to continue paying the pension to his son, the Nana Sahib.
Question 46
After which battle the Company embarked on its career of expansion, it established the system of dual government?
A
Battle Buxar
B
Third battle of Panipat
C
Battle of Plassey
D
Battle of Talikota
Question 46 Explanation: 
In the aftermath of the Battle of Plassey (Palashi) (1757), when the Company embarked on its career of expansion, it established the system of dual government.
Question 47
Who promised the payment of annual tribute to the Mughal emperor Shah Alam?
A
Cornwallis
B
Bentinck
C
Clive
D
Hasting
Question 47 Explanation: 
The Company was only the diwan (the collector of revenue), but in practice it exercised full authority. This authority was asserted by the refusal to continue the payment of annual tribute to the Mughal emperor Shah Alam promised by Clive. Cornwallis even stopped affirming obedience in letters to the emperor.
Question 48
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Under dual government system, everything was sought to be done by the Company’s servants in the name of some powerless and dependent prince. In theory the Company was only the diwan (the collector of revenue), but in practice it exercised full authority.
  2. Bentinck carried matters further with his objective of establishing British predominance through his Subsidiary Alliance System. Bentinck made subsidiary alliances with the three of the major States of India: Hyderabad, Poona and Mysore.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 48 Explanation: 
Wellesley carried matters further with his objective of establishing British predominance through his Subsidiary Alliance System. Wellesley made subsidiary alliances with the three of the major States of India: Hyderabad, Poona and Mysore.
Question 49
Who became Governor General in 1813 ordered the removal of the phrase denoting the imperial supremacy from his seal?
A
Hastings
B
Bentinck
C
Cornwallis
D
Macaulay
Question 49 Explanation: 
Hastings (Moira) who became Governor General in 1813 ordered the removal of the phrase denoting the imperial supremacy from his seal.
Question 50
Warren Hastings refused to meet whom, unless he waived all authority over the Company’s?
A
Shah Alam II
B
Akbar II
C
Alamgir II
D
Jahandar Shah
Question 50 Explanation: 
Warren Hastings refused to meet Emperor Akbar II, unless he waived all authority over the Company’s possessions. But Hastings laid down a policy that the Company was in no way responsible for the administration of the Indian States.
Question 51
In which state the authority of the Nizam did not prevail in certain areas, as the Arab troops lived without any control, so British troops helped reduce the Arabs to obedience?
A
Cochin
B
Delhi
C
Mysore
D
Hyderabad
Question 51 Explanation: 
In Hyderabad, the authority of the Nizam did not prevail in certain areas, as the Arab troops lived without any control. The assistance of British troops helped reduce the Arabs to obedience.
Question 52
In which year financial management of Raja provoked a rebellion and the treaty of Wellesley only provided authority for the Company to interfere?
A
1818
B
1879
C
1830
D
1810
Question 52 Explanation: 
In Mysore state the financial management of the raja provoked a rebellion in 1830 and the treaty of Wellesley only provided authority for the Company to interfere.
Question 53
Who as Governor General, relieved the raja of all his powers and appointed Mark Cubbon to administer Mysore?
A
William Bentinck
B
Richard Wellesley
C
Warren Hastings
D
Thomas Munro
Question 53 Explanation: 
William Bentinck, as Governor General, relieved the raja of all his powers and appointed Mark Cubbon to administer Mysore.
Question 54
In which among the following region during a minority, the parties at the durbar quarrelled bitterly among themselves?
A
Lucknow
B
Patna
C
Gwalior
D
Kolhapur
Question 54 Explanation: 
In Gwalior, during a minority, the parties at the durbar quarrelled bitterly among themselves. The army of the State passed out of control. Ellenborough moved with a strong army, but the State army resisted.
Question 55
In which battle the State army of Gwalior was defeated?
A
Battle of Talikota
B
Battle of Maharajpur
C
First Carnatic War
D
Battle of Gharhra
Question 55 Explanation: 
At the battle of Maharajpur, the State army was defeated and new terms of conditions including the limitation of the military forces maintained by it were imposed in 1843. Every accession of territory also increased the influence of the Company over the governments of the Indian princes.
Question 56
Cornwallis organized company administration securing the services of whom?
A
John Pitcairn
B
Joseph Brant
C
William Jones
D
Thomas Hickey
Question 56 Explanation: 
Cornwallis organized company administration securing the services of William Jones, a judge and an Orientalist. He set up a machinery for the detection and punishment of crime, thereby ending the dual system of government established by Clive.
Question 57
Which among the following is the highest criminal court during British period?
A
Sadar Diwani Adalat
B
Sadar Nizamat Adalat
C
Sadal Nikas Adalat
D
Sadal Mustif Adalat
Question 57 Explanation: 
Cornwallis deprived the collectors of their judicial function and confined them to revenue collection. Civil and criminal courts were thoroughly reorganized. At the top of the judicial system were the Sadar Diwani Adalat (Civil Court) and the Sadar Nizamat Adalat (Criminal Court).
Question 58
Where the two highest civil and criminal court (Sadar Diwani Adalat and the Sadar Nizamat Adalat) was located during British period?
A
Bombay
B
Madras
C
Calcutta
D
Delhi
Question 58 Explanation: 
These two highest civil and criminal courts (Sadar Diwani Adalat and the Sadar Nizamat Adalat) of appeal at Calcutta were presided over by the Governor General and his Council.
Question 59
In which among the following region provincial courts under two highest civil and criminal courts didn’t appeal?
A
Deccan
B
Mysore
C
Patna
D
Murshidabad
Question 59 Explanation: 
Under the two highest civil and criminal courts were four provincial courts of appeal at Calcutta, Deccan, Murshidabad and Patna.
Question 60
How many European judges’ function under each Provincial courts?
A
Two
B
Four
C
Three
D
Five
Question 60 Explanation: 
Each provincial court was to function under three European judges, aided by Indian advisers. Next came the District and City courts, each presided over by a European judge assisted by Indians. Every district and important city was provided with a court.
Question 61
At the bottom of the judicial system were courts under Indian judges, called ____
A
Munsifs
B
Neethiya
C
Manuprakthi
D
Dharmana
Question 61 Explanation: 
At the bottom of the judicial system were courts under Indian judges, called munsifs.
Question 62
In Civil cases whose law was imposed and followed?
A
Christian Law
B
British Law
C
Hindu Law
D
Muslim Law
Question 62 Explanation: 
In civil cases, Muslim law was imposed and followed. In criminal cases, Hindu and Muslim laws were applied according to the religion of the litigants.
Question 63
Who among the following contributed bigger for reform of the civil services?
A
Bentinck
B
Thomas Munro
C
Hastings
D
Cornwallis
Question 63 Explanation: 
The biggest contribution of Cornwallis was the reform of the civil services. Cornwallis provided scope for employing capable and honest public servants. He put an end to the old tradition of the civil service wherein the Company’s servants were given a small salary but were permitted to trade.
Question 64
Which among the following statement is Incorrect
  1. Every district was divided into darogas (police circles). Each daroga was under a thana, an Indian officer.
  2. Cornwallis’ police system was further improved under Warren Hastings. The rigid separation of judicial and revenue powers was given up. The Collector began to function as Magistrate as well.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 64 Explanation: 
Every district was divided into thanas (police circles). Each thana was under a daroga, an Indian officer.
Question 65
who among the following emphasized the need for educating and training?
A
Clive
B
Bentinck
C
Cornwallis
D
Wellesley
Question 65 Explanation: 
Cornwallis, who toned up the civil and criminal administration, however, did not pay adequate attention to the education of Company servants. It was Wellesley who emphasized the need for educating and training them.
Question 66
In which year College of Fort William was founded at Calcutta?
A
1810
B
1818
C
1800
D
1841
Question 66 Explanation: 
Wellesley thought the civilians should have a knowledge of the languages, laws, customs and manners and history of India, in addition to their liberal education in England. With this object, the College of Fort William was founded at Calcutta in 1800.
Question 67
How many years of course study was provided for the Company’s civil servants?
A
Four
B
Three
C
Five
D
Two
Question 67 Explanation: 
A three-year course of study was provided for the Company’s civil servants at college of Fort Williams. The college was staffed by European professors and eighty Indian pundits. This became the Oriental School for Bengal civilians.
Question 68
Where the College of Fort St George was set up in 1812?
A
Bombay
B
Mysore
C
England
D
Madras
Question 68 Explanation: 
In Madras, the College of Fort St George was set up in 1812.
Question 69
In which year the East India College was established in England?
A
1806
B
1812
C
1831
D
1819
Question 69 Explanation: 
In 1806 the East India College was established in England.
Question 70
Who set up the College of Fort St George at Madras?
A
Macauley
B
Mountbatten
C
Harold Wilson
D
F. W. Ellis
Question 70 Explanation: 
In Madras, the College of Fort St George was set up by F.W. Ellis in 1812 on the lines of College of Fort William. It was here that the theory that the South Indian languages belonged to a separate family of languages independent of Sanskrit was formulated.
Question 71
Which was established by a learned maulvi with the support of Warren Hastings was the beginning of initiatives of British to promote education?
A
Madrasa
B
Pali
C
Gurkulam
D
Padasalai
Question 71 Explanation: 
The establishment of a Madrasa by a learned maulvi with the support of Warren Hastings was the beginning of initiatives of British government to promote education.
Question 72
The Madrasa started by a learned maulvi with how many stipendiary students?
A
Seventy
B
Eighty
C
Forty
D
Twenty
Question 72 Explanation: 
The Madrasa started by a learned maulvi with forty stipendiary students.
Question 73
Who established a Sanskrit college (1791) in Benares?
A
Hastings
B
Bentinck
C
Cornwallis
D
Clive
Question 73 Explanation: 
What Warren Hastings had done for the Muslims; his successor was prepared to do for the Hindus. Cornwallis established a Sanskrit college (1791) in Benares. The successive governors in the next twenty years, however, did nothing to follow it up.
Question 74
In which year when the Company Charter was renewed, it contained a clause intended to force on the Company the initiative for a regular educational policy?
A
1800
B
1827
C
1813
D
1820
Question 74 Explanation: 
The Company held the view that it was not desirable in its own interests to encourage education in India. In 1813, when the Company Charter was renewed, it contained a clause intended to force on the Company the initiative for a regular educational policy.
Question 75
Who encouraged the foundation of vernacular schools by missionaries?
A
Macaulay
B
Hastings
C
Cornwallis
D
Bentinck
Question 75 Explanation: 
Hastings encouraged the foundation of vernacular schools by missionaries.
Question 76
Where the Hindu College was established in 1817?
A
Calcutta
B
Madras
C
Bombay
D
Mysore
Question 76 Explanation: 
Hastings was the patron of the Hindu College, established at Calcutta in 1817, supported by the Indian public for the teaching of English and of Western science.
Question 77
Which among the following was the missionary that promoted education in British India?
A
David Asante
B
Samson Oppong
C
Alexander Duff
D
Rosina Widmann
Question 77 Explanation: 
The cause of education was further promoted by missionaries like Alexander Duff. Thanks to Hastings’ liberal outlook, press censorship instituted in 1799 was abolished.
Question 78
When the Bengali Weekly, the Samachar Darpan was started?
A
1812
B
1826
C
1804
D
1818
Question 78 Explanation: 
The Bengali Weekly, the Samachar Darpan was started in 1818.
Question 79
Which act emphasized the development of the country primarily in the interest of its inhabitants?
A
The Regulation act of 1773
B
The pit India act of 1784
C
The charter act of 1833
D
Negotiable Instruments act of 1881
Question 79 Explanation: 
The Charter act of 1833 emphasized the development of the country primarily in the interest of its inhabitants.
Question 80
Who among the following reformed the society by abolishing sati?
A
Robert Clive
B
William Bentinck
C
Thomas Munro
D
Warren Hastings
Question 80 Explanation: 
William Bentinck, appointed the first Governor General of united India reformed the society by suppressing thuggee (robbery and murder committed by the thugs in accordance with their ritual), abolishing sati and introducing English as the medium of instruction in schools and colleges.
Question 81
In which year Bentinck founded the Calcutta Medical College?
A
1820
B
1819
C
1835
D
1827
Question 81 Explanation: 
William Bentinck thought would facilitate Indianization of the services. Bentinck founded the Calcutta Medical College in March 1835. The students of this college were sent to London in 1844 to complete their studies.
Question 82
Where the Grant Medical College was founded in 1845?
A
Bombay
B
Calcutta
C
Madras
D
Ahmedabad
Question 82 Explanation: 
Ten years after the establishment of the Calcutta Medical College, the Grant Medical College in Bombay was founded in 1845.
Question 83
In which year the Thomason Engineering College at Roorkee (now IIT Roorkee) came into existence?
A
1830
B
1821
C
1853
D
1847
Question 83 Explanation: 
In 1847 the Thomason Engineering College at Roorkee (now IIT Roorkee) came into existence. In 1849 a school for girls was founded in Calcutta.
Question 84
Who among the following came to India as a law member in 1835?
A
Macaulay
B
Bentinck
C
Warren Hastings
D
Arthur Cotton
Question 84 Explanation: 
Macaulay came to India as a law member in 1835. He was appointed President of the Board of Education. He had a poor opinion of indigenous learning. Macaulay recommended and government accepted to make English the literary and official language of India.
Question 85
With whose charter of 1600, the East India company was started?
A
Queen Victoria
B
King George VI
C
Queen Elizabeth
D
Prince Edward VII
Question 85 Explanation: 
The East India Company was started with Queen Elizabeth’s Charter of 1600.
Question 86
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. A charter is a grant by a country’s sovereign power to start a company, university, or city with rights and privileges clearly stated.
  2. Queen Elizabeth Charter of 1600 came to be renewed every thirty years, after Cornwallis took over as Governor General since 1773.
  3. The Charter of 1943 was the last one before the Company government was taken over by the Crown.
A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 2 and 3
D
Both 1 and 3
Question 86 Explanation: 
Queen Elizabeth charter of 1600 came to be renewed every twenty years, after Warren Hastings took over as Governor General since 1773. The Charter of 1853 was the last one before the Company government was taken over by the Crown.
Question 87
Who designed the system of vernacular education?
A
Arthur cotton
B
James Thomason
C
George William
D
Charles Wood
Question 87 Explanation: 
Dalhousie showed keen interest in education. He approved of the system of vernacular education designed by James Thomason, Lieutenant Governor of the North-Western Provinces (184353).
Question 88
In which University of Madras was established?
A
1842
B
1857
C
1861
D
1829
Question 88 Explanation: 
Departments of Public Instruction and a university for each of the three Presidencies were organized for the purpose. University of Madras was established under this plan (1857), along with universities in Bombay and Calcutta.
Question 89
Whose educational dispatch outlined a comprehensive scheme of education-primary, secondary, collegiate?
A
Arthur cotton
B
James Thomason
C
George William
D
Charles Wood
Question 89 Explanation: 
The Educational Dispatch of Charles Wood (1854) outlined a comprehensive scheme of education-primary, secondary, collegiate.
Question 90
Who among the following modified the policy of Macaulay by encouraging educational institutions in vernaculars too?
A
Cornwallis
B
Arthur Cotton
C
Dalhousie
D
Hastings
Question 90 Explanation: 
Dalhousie modified the policy of Macaulay by encouraging educational institutions in vernaculars too. He also agreed to the principle of grants-in-aid to private effort, irrespective of caste or creed.
Question 91
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Pindaris were freebooters composed of both Muslim and Hindu bands. The Subsidiary Alliance of the Company had led to the disbandment of thousands of soldiers and most of them joined them and swelled their numbers in central India
  2. The British proclaimed Anglo-Pindaris War. But it turned out to be a war against Mughals and the outcome of this prolonged war (1842 to 1868) was that the whole of Central India came under British rule.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 91 Explanation: 
The British proclaimed Pindari War. But it turned out to be a war against Marathas and the outcome of this prolonged war (1811 to 1818) was that the whole of Central India came under British rule.
Question 92
The Thugs were robbers operating between which two regions from fourteenth century?
A
Delhi and Bengal
B
Delhi and Jhansi
C
Delhi and Agra
D
Delhi and Gwalior
Question 92 Explanation: 
The Thugs were robbers operating between Delhi and Agra from the fourteenth century.
Question 93
The Thugs murdered unsuspecting travellers in the name of the which god?
A
Siva
B
Kali
C
Rama
D
Hanuman
Question 93 Explanation: 
The Thugs were bound together by oaths and ritual and murdered unsuspecting travellers in the name of the goddess Kali.
Question 94
Who was placed by Bentinck in charge of the operation to eliminate the Thuggee menace?
A
Charles Samuel
B
James Madison
C
Thomas Jefferson
D
William Sleeman
Question 94 Explanation: 
Bentinck placed William Sleeman in charge of the operation to eliminate the Thuggee menace. Between 1831 and 1837 more than three thousand Thugs were convicted. Five hundred became approvers. By 1860 the problem of thuggee had ceased to exist.
Question 95
In which year sati abolition act was enacted by Bentinck?
A
1824
B
1818
C
1831
D
1829
Question 95 Explanation: 
Previous governors-general of Bentinck were reluctant to prohibit the custom as an interference in religion but Bentinck enacted a law (Sati Abolition Act, 1829) to put an end to this practice.
Question 96
Who among the followings campaigns and efforts played a decisive part in getting this inhuman practice abolished?
A
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
B
Dayananda Saraswati
C
Pandita Ramabai
D
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Question 96 Explanation: 
Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s campaigns and efforts played a decisive part in getting this inhuman practice abolished.
Question 97
Which among the following statement is Incorrect
  1. The first serious proposal for constructing railways was made by the European business community. The Directors were doubtful whether railways could be successfully built in India.
  2. Governor General Hastings however persuaded them arguing that the railways would bring very considerable economic advantage. Yet before the Great Rebellion less than thousand miles of track had been laid.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 97 Explanation: 
Governor General Dalhousie however persuaded them arguing that the railways would bring very considerable economic advantage. Yet before the Great Rebellion less than three hundred miles of track had been laid.
Question 98
In which year telegraph service was inaugurated in India?
A
1854
B
1841
C
1868
D
1839
Question 98 Explanation: 
Though several proposals for the laying of telegraph communication between India and London were put forward, the telegraph service was inaugurated only in 1854.
Question 99
With the opening of which canal, the journey between Europe and India was reduced by some 4000 miles?
A
Panama Canal
B
Saimaa Canal
C
Suez Canal
D
Corinthian Canal
Question 99 Explanation: 
The time of communication between London and Calcutta came down from several days to twenty-eight minutes. With the opening of Suez Canal in 1869, the journey between Europe and India was reduced by some 4000 miles.
Question 100
Except whom, the Governor Generals were reluctant to do anything without seeking the permission of Whitehall, the headquarters of the East India Company?
A
Cornwallis
B
Curzon
C
Arthur
D
Macauley
Question 100 Explanation: 
By 1870 the government of British India was in effective contact with Secretary of State, India Office, London. Subsequently, with the exception of Curzon, Governor Generals were reluctant to do anything without seeking the permission of Whitehall, the headquarters of the East India Company.
Question 101
The first railway line was between which two points in India?
A
Bombay to Thane
B
Howrah to Raniganj
C
Bombay to Howrah
D
Madras to Howrah
Question 101 Explanation: 
The first train runs between Bombay and thane.
Question 102
The first railway line in south India ran from which two place?
A
Trichy to Madras
B
Madras to Jolarpet
C
Madras to Arakonam
D
Chengapattu to Madras
Question 102 Explanation: 
The first railway line in south India ran from Madras to Arakonam in 1856. Royapuram was one of the railway stations inaugurated in that year.
Question 103
In which year the railway line from Bombay to Thane was opened?
A
1855
B
1876
C
1800
D
1853
Question 103 Explanation: 
The railway line from Bombay to Thane was opened in 1853; from Howrah to Raniganj in 1854-55.
Question 104
Who among the following dam across the Kollidam (Coleroon) in 1836?
A
Arthur Cotton
B
John Pennycuick
C
Hendry Lockwood
D
Thomas Jefferson
Question 104 Explanation: 
In Madras, as we will see in the following section, a few irrigation works were carried out because of the personal enthusiasm of Arthur Cotton, an Engineering officer. Against much opposition, Cotton built a dam across the Kollidam (Coleroon) in 1836. In 1853, a dam across the Krishna river had also begun.
Question 105
In which year Jumna canal was completed?
A
1839
B
1846
C
1830
D
1834
Question 105 Explanation: 
In the north, before the takeover of India by the Crown, Jumna canal was completed in 1830 and by 1857 the Ganges canal had been extended to nearly 450 miles.
Question 106
In the Punjab area which canal had been excavated by 1856?
A
Sharda Canal
B
Bari Doab Canal
C
Buckingham Canal
D
Tajewala Canal
Question 106 Explanation: 
In the Punjab area the Bari Doab canal had been excavated by 1856. But the canal water contributed to soil salinity and water logging causing great ecological distress.
Question 107
Who were the first tribal group to resist the British rule in India?
A
Gonds
B
Khasi
C
Kodava
D
Santhals
Question 107 Explanation: 
The Santhals who were the first tribal group to resist the British rule in India.
Question 108
Which cultivation was encouraged in the hilly and mountainous tracts by British?
A
Contour cultivation
B
Slope cultivation
C
Terrace cultivation
D
Mixed Crop Cultivation
Question 108 Explanation: 
Slope cultivation was encouraged in the hilly and mountainous tracts. Land was provided to European enterprises at a throwaway price for slope cultivation.
Question 109
Which among the following statement was Correct
  1. Land revenue was the mainstay of the British Indian government’s fiscal system. Therefore, in their effort to extend the areas of cultivable land, forests were destroyed.
  2. Zamins were created out of Jungle raja forests and auctioned off for regular cultivation. The original inhabitants of this region, the Kodavas were evicted.
  3. Further, in their enthusiasm to try plantation crops, zamindars and Indian rulers destroyed the forests. Coffee, for instance, did not grow in many places.
A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 2 and 3
D
Both 1 and 3
Question 109 Explanation: 
Zamins were created out of Jungle Mahal forests and auctioned off for regular cultivation. The original inhabitants of this region, the Santhals were evicted.
Question 110
Which among the following was not the India tree that  were needed to build railway tracks?
A
Sal
B
Maple
C
Deodar
D
Teak
Question 110 Explanation: 
Timber came to be exploited with the massive construction of the railway system. In the 1870s, it was calculated that every year one million sleepers were needed to build railway tracks. Indian trees, particularly sal, deodar, and teak, were preferred for their strength over other Indian timbers.
Question 111
Which tree was extracted more from the forests of the Jungle Mahals of West Bengal and Bihar?
A
Sal
B
Oak
C
Dalbergia
D
Maple
Question 111 Explanation: 
Much sal was extracted from the forests of the Jungle Mahals of West Bengal and Bihar. Timber went to England too for the building of railways.
Question 112
In which year India Forest act was passed by British?
A
1818
B
1865
C
1879
D
1824
Question 112 Explanation: 
The myth that India’s forests were inexhaustible was exploded. It was in this background that the colonial state, in order to manage and control forest resources, started the Forest Department and passed the Indian Forest Act, 1865. This was a draconian act which restricted the use of forest resources by indigenous groups who resented it.
Question 113
In which year Criminal Tribes Act was enacted by British?
A
1838
B
1863
C
1871
D
1859
Question 113 Explanation: 
In order to contain protest and resistance the British enacted the dreaded Criminal Tribes Act, 1871. During the entire colonial period there were frequent insurrections by tribal people against the colonial state.
Question 114
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Europe had always imported more from the East than was exported here. There was little that the East required from the West in return for the spices, silks, calicos, jewels and the like it sent there.
  2. The industrial revolution in textile production that took place in England reversed this relationship for the first time. India was systematically deindustrialized.
  3. Being the world’s leading exporter of cloth and textiles, India became a market for high end cottons. Cheap machine-made Indian goods led to the flooding of British markets.
A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 2 and 3
D
Both 1 and 3
Question 114 Explanation: 
Rather than being the world’s leading exporter of cloth and textiles, India became a market for Lancashire cottons. Cheap machine-made British goods led to the flooding of Indian markets. Indian cotton piece goods began to lose ground gradually.
Question 115
Which among the following statement is Incorrect
  1. The Company government, in the first three decades, followed a policy of allowing restricted flow of imports of British goods into India.
  2. With import duty English goods were little costlier than domestic products. At the same time, Indian manufactures were shut out from the British market by high protective duties
  3. Large numbers of weavers were thrown out of employment and forced to seek livelihood in agriculture, which increased the pressure on the already overcrowded land.
A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 2 and 3
D
Both 1 and 3
Question 115 Explanation: 
The Company government, in the first three decades, followed a policy of allowing unrestricted flow of imports of British goods into India. Without any import duty English goods were much cheaper than domestic products. At the same time, Indian manufactures were shut out from the British market by high protective duties.
Question 116
Who wrote the following statement ‘the Muhammedans surpassed our rule; they settled in the countries which they conquered; they intermarried with the natives; Our policy on the contrary, has been the reverse of this– cold, selfish and unfeeling.’?
A
Cornwallis
B
Robert Clive
C
Thomas Munro
D
William Bentinck
Question 116 Explanation: 
Contrasting Muslim rule with British governance William Bentinck himself acknowledged the benevolent nature of the former. ‘In many respects’, Bentinck wrote, ‘the Muhammedans surpassed our rule; they settled in the countries which they conquered; they intermarried with the natives; Our policy on the contrary, has been the reverse of this– cold, selfish and unfeeling.’
Question 117
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Military and civil administrative costs in British India consumed an average of eighty per cent of the budget, leaving twenty per cent to be divided among the various departments concerned.
  2. William Bentinck wanted the colonial state to give priority to irrigation rather than building railway network, but his suggestion was turned down by the imperial Government in England.
  3. Outbreak of successive famines in the last quarter of the nineteenth century ultimately prompted the government under British Crown to initiate some steps for the building of dams.
A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 2 and 3
D
Both 1 and 3
Question 117 Explanation: 
Arthur Cotton wanted the colonial state to give priority to irrigation rather than building railway network, but his suggestion was turned down by the imperial Government in England.
Question 118
Which was the system intended to create a large body of independent peasants?
A
Zamindar
B
Mahalwari
C
Ryotwari
D
Kishandar
Question 118 Explanation: 
The Ryotwari system intended to create a large body of independent peasants, who would be protected from the “corrupt and faithless zamindar,” however, in reality achieved the contrary result of strengthening the position of the big landlords.
Question 119
When the Torture Commission, appointed by the Company government in Madras present its report?
A
1850
B
1835
C
1827
D
1855
Question 119 Explanation: 
The Torture Commission, appointed by the Company government in Madras in its report presented in 1855 exposed the atrocities perpetrated by the Indian revenue and police officials in the process of collecting land tax from the cultivators.
Question 120
How many famines was there between 1800 and 1825(First quarter of century)?
A
Twelve
B
Four
C
Six
D
Nine
Question 120 Explanation: 
Famine, though no stranger to India, increased in frequency and deadliness with the advent of British colonial rule. Between 1800 and 1825, there were only four famines. But in the last quarter of the century there were 22 famines.
Question 121
By 1901, who among the following enumerated 10 mass famines since the 1860s, putting the total death toll at 15 million?
A
Romesh Chunder
B
Surendranath Banerjee
C
Dadabhai Naoroji
D
Palme Dutt
Question 121 Explanation: 
By 1901, Romesh Chunder Dutt, a former ICS officer and a staunch nationalist, enumerated 10 mass famines since the 1860s, putting the total death toll at 15 million.
Question 122
Which nationalist was prompted by Orissa famine to begin his lifelong investigations into Indian poverty?
A
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
B
Bipin Chandra Pal
C
Dadabhai Naoroji
D
Dinshaw Edulji Wacha
Question 122 Explanation: 
The Orissa famine, in which one third of the population died of starvation and disease, served as a patent proof of this thesis. It prompted nationalist Dadabhai Naoroji, to begin his lifelong investigations into Indian poverty.
Question 123
Which among the following year madras famine took palce?
A
1833 – 34
B
1876 – 78
C
1861 – 63
D
1888 – 90
Question 123 Explanation: 
Madras Famine of 1876-78: The failure of two successive monsoons caused a severe famine in the Madras Presidency during 1876-78.
Question 124
Who was the Viceroy during Madras famine, adopted an hands-off approach similar to that followed in Orissa?
A
Willington
B
Mountbatten
C
Lytton
D
Ripon
Question 124 Explanation: 
The viceroy Lytton adopted a hands-off approach similar to that followed in Orissa. 3.5 million people died in the presidency.
Question 125
When the company government abolished slavery in India?
A
1869
B
1831
C
1843
D
1826
Question 125 Explanation: 
Initially slave labour was used for the plantation crops and slope cultivation. But after the Company government abolished slavery in India (1843), the system of indentured was used.
Question 126
Which among the following country labours was not hired by system of indentured to work in plantation crops and slope cultivation?
A
Ceylon
B
Fiji
C
South Africa
D
Hong Kong
Question 126 Explanation: 
The introduction of plantation crops and slope cultivation in Ceylon, Mauritius, Fiji, Malaya, the Caribbean islands, Natal and South Africa required enormous labour. The system of indentured was used to hire labour.
Question 127
Under the system of indentured, labourers were hired on contract for a period of how many years?
A
Seven years
B
Ten years
C
Five years
D
Twelve years
Question 127 Explanation: 
Under the system of indentured, labourers were hired on contract for a period of five years (indenture) and they could return to their homeland with passage paid at the end. Many impoverished peasants and weavers went hoping to earn some money. But in effect it was worse than slave labour.
Question 128
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. The colonial state allowed agents (kanganis) to trick or kidnap indigent landless labourers. 150 indenture labourers “the innocent victims of a new system of slavery” were first taken from Thanjavur in 1828 to the new British coffee plantations in Ceylon.
  2. All of them deserted. Therefore, recruitment coupled with criminal laws prohibiting desertion started in the 1830s. People courted this new form of slavery to escape starvation deaths
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 129
Which among the following statement is incorrect
  1. The Madras Governor forwarded this letter to the collector of Thanjavur, who after enquiry reported back saying that the people were very much attached to the soil and hence unless some incentive was provided it was not easy to make them move out of their native soil.
  2. The outbreak of two famines (1833 and 1843) forced the people, without any prompting from the government, to leave for Ceylon to work as coolies in coffee and tea plantations under indentured labour system.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 130
Who was the author of Poverty and Un-British rule in India?
A
Dadabhai Naoroji
B
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
C
Motilal Nehru
D
Mangal Pandey
Question 130 Explanation: 
Dadabhai Naoroji in his Poverty and UnBritish Rule in India explained how the English rulers were different from the earlier invaders.
Question 131
Which among the following is not the constituted Home charges?
A
Incentive to the shareholders of the Company
B
Savings and the salaries of Indian officials, Indian traders and Planters remitted to India
C
Pensions to those who retired from civil and military services.
D
The salaries of the staff and the Secretary to Home Government, India Office at London
Question 131 Explanation: 
Savings and the salaries of European officials, European traders and Planters remitted to England
Question 132
What was India’s loan to England in 1837?
A
85 million pounds
B
130 million pounds
C
92 million pounds
D
152 million pounds
Question 132 Explanation: 
Expenses on wars fought in India and interests for the loans obtained from the banks for the conduct of wars and for the building of railroads. India’s loan to England was 130 million pounds in 1837. It increased to 220 million pounds, of this 18 percent was for conducting wars waged against Afghanistan and Burma.
Question 133
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Naoroji argued that a great deal of wealth was drained to England in the form of Home Charges. A government report of 1908 informed that on account of railways, India had incurred a debt of 177.5 million pounds.
  2. In the form of guaranteed interest of 10 percent, the Colonial state promised to repay the interest in sterling.  There was a loss of 110 million pounds to India on this score.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 133 Explanation: 
In the form of guaranteed interest of 5 percent, the Colonial state promised to repay the interest in sterling. There was a loss of 220 million pounds to India on this score.
Question 134
Who among the following pillage stopped after eighteen times?
A
Muhammad of Ghori
B
Malik Ayaz
C
Gazni Mahmud
D
Babur
Question 134 Explanation: 
The drain of wealth Dadabhai Naoroji lamented that had the money drained to England remained in the pockets of Indians, India would have economically progressed. Even Gazni Mahmud’s pillage stopped after eighteen times but the British plunder seemed to be unending, he quipped.
Question 135
Who estimated that during the last decade of the reign of Queen Victoria (1891-1901), of the total income 647 pounds, 159 million pounds drained to England?
A
Dadabhai Naoroji
B
William Bentinck
C
Motilal Nehru
D
R. C. Dutt
Question 135 Explanation: 
R.C. Dutt estimated that during the last decade of the reign of Queen Victoria (1891-1901), of the total income 647 pounds, 159 million pounds drained to England. This worked to 44 percent of the total income of the country.
Question 136
Arrange the following Governor general in chronological order
  1. William Bentinck
  2. Cornwallis
  3. Dalhousie
  4. Warren Hastings
A
3 – 1 – 4 – 2
B
2 – 4 – 1 – 3
C
4 – 2 – 1 – 3
D
3 – 1 – 2 – 4
Question 137
In which year the Governor of Madras received a communication from the Governor of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) asking for coolies to work on the coffee plantations?
A
1855
B
1838
C
1819
D
1815
Question 137 Explanation: 
In 1815, the Governor of Madras received a communication from the Governor of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) asking for coolies to work on the coffee plantations.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 137 questions to complete.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *