Election and Representation Online Test 11th Political Science Lesson 11 Questions in English

Election and Representation-11th Political Science Lesson 11 Questions in English-Online Test

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Question 1
What does the term ‘Franc’ mean?
A
Election
B
People
C
Free
D
Self help
Question 1 Explanation: 
The right to vote in public elections. The word “Franchise” is of Anglo-French derivation-from Franc, meaning FREE. An election is the process of voting to choose someone to be their political leader or representative in government.
Question 2
Which part of the constitution deals with Election?
A
IX
B
XII
C
XV
D
XVII
Question 2 Explanation: 
Part XV of the Indian Constitution titled “Elections” is of great importance. The constitution –makers had been anxious to safeguard this political right as an integral part of the constitution itself. It is for this important reason that the subject of elections has been accorded a constitutional recognition in our country.
Question 3
Which article defines Adult Suffrage of elections to Lok Sabha and to the Vidhan Sabha?
A
Article 324
B
Article 226
C
Article 326
D
Article 224
Question 3 Explanation: 
Article 326 of the Indian Constitution says that the elections to the Lok Sabha and to the Vidhan Sabha of every state shall be on the basis of Adult Suffrage.
Question 4
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. In a representative democracy elections are extremely important.
  2. Election and representation is the core for the formation of government.
  3. The origins of elections in the contemporary world was in the gradual emergence of representative government in Europe and North America which began in the 17th century.
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
All the above
Question 4 Explanation: 
Although elections were used in Ancient Athens, Rome and in the selection of Popes and Holy Roman Emperors, the origins of elections in the contemporary world was in the gradual emergence of representative government in Europe and North America which began in the 17th century. In a representative democracy elections are extremely important. Voting, in elections is the best way to make your voice heard. One fact that makes elections more important is when political parties try to suppress voting with the use of laws to disallow people to vote. Election and representation is the core for the formation of government
Question 5
What does the term Psephology mean?
A
Study of election
B
Study of Statistics
C
Study of Numbers
D
Study of Political Science
Question 5 Explanation: 
Psephology is the study of results and other statistics relating to Elections. In an election the voters make many choices: They can choose who will make laws for them They can choose who will form the government and take major decisions They can choose the party whose policies will guide the government and law making.
Question 6
  • Assertion(A): A rule of the people is possible without any elections if all the people can sit together every day and take all the decisions.
  • Reason(R): Let us presume that the people can resolve these difficulties and such a place
do   not require elections
A
A is correct and R is Wrong
B
A is Wrong and R is Correct
C
Both A and R are Correct, but R is not correct Explanation of A
D
Both A and R are Correct, R is correct Explanation of A
Question 6 Explanation: 
A rule of the people is possible without any elections if all the people can sit together every day and take all the decisions. This is not possible in any large community nor it is possible for everyone to have the time and knowledge to take decisions in all matters. Let us presume that the people can resolve these difficulties and such a place do not require elections.
Question 7
Which of the following statement is incorrect?
  1. In most democracies, people rule through their representatives
  2. Election a mechanism by which people can choose their representatives at regular intervals and change them if they wish to do so
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 7 Explanation: 
Election a mechanism by which people can choose their representatives at regular intervals and change them if they wish to do so. Therefore, elections are considered essential in our times for any representative government. Hence in most democracies, people rule through their representatives.
Question 8
Which of the following makes election a democratic one?
  1. Elections should be held regularly after every few years.
  2. Everyone should have one vote and every vote necessarily not to have equal value
  3. The candidate preferred by the people should get elected
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
All the above
Question 8 Explanation: 
The following makes an Election Democratic Everyone should be able to choose. This means that everyone should have one vote and every vote should have equal value. There should be something to choose from parties and candidate should be free to contest elections and should offer some real choice to the voters. The choice should be offered at regular intervals. Elections should be held regularly after every few years. The candidate preferred by the people should get elected. Elections should be conducted in a free and fair manner where people can choose as they really wish.
Question 9
Which of the following can be filled using election?
  1. Legislatures
  2. Executive
  3. Judiciary
  4. local government
A
1, 2, 3
B
1, 3, 4
C
2, 3, 4
D
All the above
Question 9 Explanation: 
An election is a formal decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Elections fill offices in the legislatures, sometimes in the executive and judiciary and for regional and local government.
Question 10
How many types of plurality/majority systems are identified?
A
3
B
5
C
2
D
4
Question 10 Explanation: 
The principle of plurality/ majority system is simple. After votes have been cast and totalled, those candidates or parties with the most votes are declared the winners. However, the way this is achieved in practice varies widely. Five types of plurality/majority systems can be identified.
Question 11
Which of the following election system is followed by India?
A
First Past the Post
B
Block Vote
C
Alternative Vote
D
Two-Round Systems
Question 11 Explanation: 
The First Past the Post system is the simplest form of plurality/majority system, using single member districts and candidate-centred voting. India follows first past the post system in elections.
Question 12
Which of the following country does not follow First Past The Post system?
A
Canada
B
UK
C
Bangladesh
D
Maldives
Question 12 Explanation: 
FTPT system are found primarily in the UK and those countries historically influenced by Britain. Along with the UK, the other countries are Canada, India and the USA. FPTP is also used by a number of Caribbean countries, Bangladesh, Burma, India, Malaysia, Nepal and small island countries of the South Pacific.
Question 13
Which of the following statement about FPTP is correct?
  1. The system uses single-member districts and the voters vote for candidates rather than political parties
  2. FPTP is the simplest form of plurality/majority electoral system
  3. The winning candidate should have absolute majority of valid votes
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
All the above
Question 13 Explanation: 
FPTP is the simplest form of plurality/majority electoral system. The winning candidate is the one who gains more votes than any other candidate, even if this is not an absolute majority of valid votes. The system uses single-member districts and the voters vote for candidates rather than political parties
Question 14
Which of the following countries use Block Vote system?
  1. Malaysia
  2. The Cayman Islands
  3. The Falkland Islands
A
1, 2, 3
B
1, 3, 4
C
2, 3, 4
D
All the above
Question 14 Explanation: 
The Block –Vote is common in countries with weak or non-existent political parties. The Cayman Islands, The Falkland Islands, Guernsey, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, the Maldives, Palestine, the Syrian Arab Republic etc use Block Vote electoral systems.
Question 15
In Which system Electors have as many votes as there are candidates to be selected?
A
Block Vote
B
party Block Vote
C
Alternative Vote
D
Two-Round Systems
Question 15 Explanation: 
Block Vote is a plurality/majority system used in multi-member districts. Electors have as many votes as there are candidates to be selected. The candidates with the highest vote totals win the seats. Usually voters vote for candidates rather than parties and in most systems may use as many, or as few of their votes as they wish.
Question 16
Which of the following country does not follow Party Block Vote?
A
Dijibouti
B
Singapore
C
Malaysia
D
Senegal
Question 16 Explanation: 
PBV is simple to use, encourages strong parties and allows for parties to put up mixed slates of candidates in order to facilitate minority representation. It can be used to help to ensure balanced ethnic representation. Dijibouti, Singapore, Senegal, Tunisia use the PBV method.
Question 17
  • Assertion(A): The Block Vote is often applauded for retaining the voter’s ability to vote for individual candidates
  • Reason(R): PBV is simple to use, encourages strong parties and allows for parties to
put up mixed slates of candidates in order to facilitate minority representation.
A
A is correct and R is Wrong
B
A is Wrong and R is Correct
C
Both A and R are Correct, but R is not correct Explanation of A
D
Both A and R are Correct, R is correct Explanation of A
Question 17 Explanation: 
The Block Vote is often applauded for retaining the voter’s ability to vote for individual candidates and allowing for reasonably-organized geographical districts while at the same time, increasing the role of political parties compared with FPTP and strengthening those parties which demonstrate most coherence and organizational structure. (Block Vote is different from Party Block Vote)
Question 18
Which of the following countries Alternative Vote method?
  1. Australia
  2. Fiji
  3. China
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
All the above
Question 18 Explanation: 
The Alternative Vote (AV) system enables voters to express their preferences between candidates rather than simply their first choice. Hence it is known as ‘Preferential Voting’. AV is used in Australia, Fiji and Papua Guinea. By transferring ballots, it enables the votes of several candidates to accumulate, so that diverse but related interests can be combined to win representation.
Question 19
Which of the following is not matched correctly?
A
First Past the Post - single-member districts
B
Block Vote - multi- member districts
C
Party-Block Vote - multi- member districts
D
The Alternative Vote - multi- member districts
Question 19 Explanation: 
FPTP uses single-member districts and the voters vote for candidates rather than political parties. Party-Block Vote is a plurality/ majority system using multi- member districts. Block Vote is a plurality/majority system used in multi-member districts. The Alternative Vote is a preferential plurality system that voters use in single member districts.
Question 20
Which of the statement about Two- Round System is correct?
  1. It is not one election but takes place in two rounds, often a week or a fortnight apart.
  2. This system is used to elect national legislatures and are most common methods used worldwide for the direct election of Presidents
  3. TRS is used by the Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Mali, Mauritania, Haiti, Iran
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
All the above
Question 20 Explanation: 
The central feature of the Two Round System is as the name suggests: it is not one election but takes place in two rounds, often a week or a fortnight apart. This system is used to elect national legislatures and are most common methods used worldwide for the direct election of Presidents. TRS is used by the Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Mali, Mauritania, Haiti, Iran, Vietnam, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan etc.
Question 21
  • Assertion(A): The Two-Round System is a plurality/majority system in which a second
election will be held.
  • Reason(R): This will take place only when no candidate or party achieves a given level
of votes, most commonly an absolute majority
A
A is correct and R is Wrong
B
A is Wrong and R is Correct
C
Both A and R are Correct, but R is not correct Explanation of A
D
Both A and R are Correct, R is correct Explanation of A
Question 21 Explanation: 
The Two-Round System is a plurality/majority system in which a second election is held if no candidate or party achieves a given level of votes, most commonly an absolute majority (50 percent plus one), in the first election round. A TRS may take a majority –plurality form where more than two candidates contest the second round and the one who wins the highest number of votes in the second round is elected regardless of whether they have won an absolute majority or not.
Question 22
  • Assertion(A): Elections are all about political competition and take place in various forms
  • Reason(R): If Candidate fail to satisfy the voters with their work they will not be able
to win again
A
A is correct and R is Wrong
B
A is Wrong and R is Correct
C
Both A and R are Correct, but R is not correct Explanation of A
D
Both A and R are Correct, R is correct Explanation of A
Question 22 Explanation: 
Elections are all about political competition. This competition takes various forms. The most obvious form is the competition among political parties. At the constituency level, it takes the form of competition among several candidates. If there is no competition, elections will become pointless. Though an electoral competition leads to a sense of disunity and factionalism in every locality, regular electoral competition provides incentives to political parties and leaders. They know that if they raise issues that people want to raise, their popularity and chances of victory will increase in the next elections. But if they fail to satisfy the voters with their work they will not be able to win again.
Question 23
Which of the following statement about election Lok Sabha is correct?
  1. After five years the term of all the elected representatives comes to an end.
  2. The Vidhan Parishad stands dissolved
  3. Elections are held in all the constituencies at the same time, either on the same day or within a few day
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
All the above
Question 23 Explanation: 
After five years the term of all the elected representatives comes to an end. The Lok Sabha or Vidhan Sabha stands dissolved. Elections are held in all the constituencies at the same time, either on the same day or within a few days. This is called a general election. Sometimes election is held only for one constituency to fill the vacancy caused by death or resignation of a member. This is called By–Election.
Question 24
How M.P are elected from Tamil Nadu to Lok Sabha?
A
39
B
18
C
40
D
38
Question 24 Explanation: 
You would have heard about the people of Tamil Nadu electing 39 Lok Sabha MPs. You perhaps know that this is not the case. In our country we follow an area - based system of representation. The country is divided into different areas for the purpose of elections. These areas are called Electoral Constituencies. The voters who live in an area elect one representative.
Question 25
How many Lok Sabha constituencies are there in India?
A
543
B
545
C
445
D
443
Question 25 Explanation: 
For Lok sabha elections, the country is divided into 543 constituencies. The representative elected from each constituency is called a member of Parliament or an MP. One of the features of a democratic election is that every vote should have equal value. That is why our constitution requires that each constituency should have a roughly equal population within it.
Question 26
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. Each state is divided into a specific number of assembly constituencies
  2. Each Parliamentary constituency has within itself several assembly constituencies
  3. Each village or town is divided into wards that are like constituencies.
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
All the above
Question 26 Explanation: 
Similarly, each state is divided into a specific number of assembly constituencies. In this case the elected representative is called the Member of Legislative Assembly or a MLA. Each Parliamentary constituency has within itself several assembly constituencies. The same principle applies for Panchayat and Municipal elections. Each village or town is divided into wards that are like constituencies. Each ward elects one member of the village or the urban local body. Sometimes these constituencies are counted as Seats, for each constituency represents one seat in the assembly.
Question 27
  • Assertion(A): Some constituencies are reserved for the people who belong to the
Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST).
  • Reason(R): The makers of our Constitution thought of special system of reserved
constituencies for the weaker sections.
A
A is correct and R is Wrong
B
A is Wrong and R is Correct
C
Both A and R are Correct, but R is not correct Explanation of A
D
Both A and R are Correct, R is correct Explanation of A
Question 27 Explanation: 
In an open electoral competition, certain weaker sections may not stand a good chance to get elected to the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies. They may not have the required resources, education and contacts to contest and win elections against others. If that happens our Parliament and Assemblies would be deprived of a significant section of our population. That would make our democracy less representative and less democratic. So, the makers of our Constitution thought of special system of reserved constituencies for the weaker sections. Some constituencies are reserved for the people who belong to the Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST). This system of reservation was extended later on to other weaker sections at the district and local levels.
Question 28
On what basis division of each state into as many constituencies as in the Lok Sabha from that state and State Legislative Assemblies is done?
A
Geographical Basis
B
Population basis
C
Economy based
D
All the above
Question 28 Explanation: 
The division of each state into as many constituencies as in the Lok Sabha from that state and State Legislative Assemblies is done primarily on the basis of population census. As far as practicable, geographical area of constituencies were to be delimited taking into account physical features, existing boundaries of administrative units, facilities of communication and public convenience.
Question 29
When was the 4th delimitation act passed?
A
2002
B
2014
C
2010
D
2018
Question 29 Explanation: 
Delimitation Acts First Delimitation Commission Act, 1952 Second Delimitation Commission Act, 1963 Third Delimitation Act,1973 Fourth Delimitation Act, 2002.
Question 30
Who prepares the Electoral Roll?
A
Home ministry
B
Election Commission
C
Supreme Court of India
D
Parliamentary affairs committee
Question 30 Explanation: 
Once the constituencies are decided, the next step is to decide who can and who cannot vote. This decision cannot be left to anyone till the last day. In a democratic election, the list of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before the election and given to everyone. This list is officially called the Electoral Roll or the Voters’ List.
Question 31
What is the minimum age to vote in election?
A
15
B
18
C
21
D
25
Question 31 Explanation: 
This is an important step for, it is linked to the first condition of democratic election that everyone should get an equal opportunity to choose representatives irrespective of differences. In our country, all the citizens aged 18 years and above can vote in an election. Every citizen has the right to vote, regardless of his or her caste, religion or gender.
Question 32
Which of the following can be carried for voting?
A
Electoral Photo Identity Card
B
Aadhar Card
C
Ration card
D
All the above
Question 32 Explanation: 
In the last few years, a new system of Electoral Photo Identity Card (EPIC) has been introduced. Th e voters are required to carry this card when they go out to vote. Not compulsory, for voting, the voters can show many other proofs like the Aadhar Card, Ration card or Driving License.
Question 33
How many years once the complete revision of voters list?
A
5
B
2
C
3
D
1
Question 33 Explanation: 
It is the responsibility of the government to get the names of all eligible voters put on the voters’ list. Names of those who move out of the place or those who are dead are deleted. A complete revision of list takes place every five years.
Question 34
Arrange the Electoral Process in India in order?
  1. Filing of nomination papers by the intending candidates
  2. Notification by the Election Commission regarding Nomination and withdrawal
  3. Delimitation of Constituencies
  4. Polling process
A
2, 1, 3, 4
B
1, 3, 2, 4
C
3, 2, 1, 4
D
3, 2, 4, 1
Question 34 Explanation: 
Electoral Process in India Delimitation of Constituencies Notification of the Election Notification by the Election Commission regarding Nomination and withdrawal Filing of nomination papers by the intending candidates Electoral Process In India Delimitation of Constituencies Notification of the Election Notification by the Election Commission regarding Nomination and withdrawal Filing of nomination papers by the intending candidates
Question 35
Which Amendment Act reduced the Voting age of Indian citizens from 21 to 18?
A
76th
B
74th
C
61st
D
56th
Question 35 Explanation: 
61st Constitutional amendment in 1988 reduced the voting age from 21 to 18, amended the Article 326 of the constitution, which concerns elections to the Lok Sabha and the Assemblies.
Question 36
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. Anyone who can be a voter can also become a candidate in the elections. The only difference is that in order to be a candidate, the minimum age is 21 years, while it is only 18 years for being a voter.
  2. Political parties nominate their candidates who get the party symbol and support. Party’s nomination is often called as party ‘ticket’
  3. Every person who wishes to fill a ‘nomination form’ has to give some money as security deposit.
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
All the above
Question 36 Explanation: 
In a democratic election the people should have a real choice. This happens only when there are no restrictions on anyone to contest an election. This is what our system provides. Anyone who can be a voter can also become a candidate in the elections. The only difference is that in order to be a candidate, the minimum age is 25 years, while it is only 18 years for being a voter. Political parties nominate their candidates who get the party symbol and support. Party’s nomination is often called as party ‘ticket’. Every person who wishes to fill a ‘nomination form’ has to give some money as security deposit.
Question 37
According to supreme court which of the following declaration should be made by candidate for participating in election?
  1. Details of the assets and liabilities of the candidate and his or her family
  2. Serious civil cases pending against the candidate
  3. Educational qualifications of the candidate
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
All the above
Question 37 Explanation: 
According to the direction of the Supreme Court, every candidate has to make a legal declaration, giving full details of: Serious criminal cases pending against the candidate Details of the assets and liabilities of the candidate and his or her family Educational qualifications of the candidate This information has to be made public. This provides an opportunity to the voters to make their decision on the basis of the information provided by the candidates.
Question 38
Which of the following statement is incorrect?
  1. It is necessary to have a free and open discussion about who is a better representative, which party will make a better government or what is a good policy
  2. In our country such campaigns take place for a week period between the announcement of the final list of candidates and the date of polling
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 38 Explanation: 
The main purpose of election is to give people a chance to choose the representatives, the government and the policies they prefer. Therefore, it is necessary to have a free and open discussion about who is a better representative, which party will make a better government or what is a good policy. This is what happens during election campaigns. In our country such campaigns take place for two weeks period between the announcement of the final list of candidates and the date of polling. During this period the candidates approach their voters, political leaders address election meetings and political parties mobilise their supporters. This is also the period when newspapers, social media, televisions are full of election related stories and debates.
Question 39
According to election law which of the following should not be done by Candidate?
  1. Bribe or threaten voters
  2. Appeal to them in the name of caste or religion
  3. Use government resources for election campaign
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
All the above
Question 39 Explanation: 
Explanation According to our election law, no party or candidate can: Bribe or threaten voters Appeal to them in the name of caste or religion Use government resources for election campaign If they do so, their election can be rejected by the court even after they have been declared elected. In addition to the laws, all the political parties in our country have agreed to a model Code of Conduct for election campaigns.
Question 40
Which of the following can be used by candidate for election manifesto?
  1. Government Vehicle
  2. Aircraft
  3. place of worship for election propaganda
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
None of the above
Question 40 Explanation: 
In addition to the laws, all the political parties in our country have agreed to a model Code of Conduct for election campaigns. According to this no party or candidate can: Use any place of worship for election Propaganda Use government vehicles, aircrafts and officials for elections Once elections are announced, Ministers shall not lay foundation stones of any projects, take any big policy decisions or make any promises of providing public facilities.
Question 41
  • Assertion(A): The true test of any election system is its ability to ensure a free and fair
electoral process.
  • Reason(R): The true test of any election system is its ability to ensure a free and fair
electoral process.
A
A is correct and R is Wrong
B
A is Wrong and R is Correct
C
Both A and R are Correct, but R is not correct Explanation of A
D
Both A and R are Correct, R is correct Explanation of A
Question 41 Explanation: 
The true test of any election system is its ability to ensure a free and fair electoral process. If we want democracy to be translated into reality on the ground, it is important that the election system is impartial and transparent. The system of election must allow the aspirations of the voter to find legitimate expression through the electoral results. Elections in India are basically free and fair. The party that wins an election and forms government does so because people have chosen it over its rivals. This may not be true for every constituency. A few candidates may win purely on the basis of money power and unfair means. But the overall verdict of a general election still reflects popular preference. But still if deeper questions are asked, the picture looks different.
Question 42
Which challenges exist not just in India but also in many established democracies?
  1. Some families tend to dominate political parties; tickets are distributed to relatives from these families
  2. Candidates with criminal connection have been able to push others out of the electoral race and to secure a ticket from major parties
  3. Bigger parties suffer a huge disadvantage compared to Smaller parties and independent candidates
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
None of the above
Question 42 Explanation: 
Candidates and parties with a lot of money may not be sure of their victory but they do enjoy a big and unfair advantage over smaller parties and independents. Candidates with criminal connection have been able to push others out of the electoral race and to secure a ticket from major parties Some families tend to dominate political parties; tickets are distributed to relatives from these families. Very often elections offer little choice to ordinary citizens, for both the major parties are quite similar to each other both in policies and practice. Smaller parties and independent candidates suffer a huge disadvantage compared to bigger parties. These challenges exist not just in India but also in many established democracies.
Question 43
Which article of India constitution gives freedom of speech and expression?
A
Article 19(1)(a)
B
Article 20(1)(a)
C
Article 18(1)(a)
D
Article 21(1)(a)
Question 43 Explanation: 
The right to get information in democracy is recognised all throughout and it is a natural right flowing from the concept of democracy. Article 19(1)(a) of Indian Constitution provides for freedom of speech and expression. Voters’ speech or expression in-case of election would include casting of votes, that is to say, voter speaks out or expresses by casting vote. For this purpose, information about the candidate to be selected is must. The ordinary man may think over before making his choice of electing law breakers as law makers.
Question 44
Which political party secured second in the first general election of 1951-1952?
A
Congress
B
CPI
C
BJP
D
DMK
Question 44 Explanation: 
The first general election of 1951-1952 elected the first Lok Sabha since India became independent. The Congress had won 364 out of 489 Lok Sabha seats. Its vote share was 45 percent. The CPI was the second party with just 16 seats.
Question 45
What was voter’s turnout in first general election 1951-52?
A
57.6 %
B
67.6 %
C
76.6 %
D
86.6 %
Question 45 Explanation: 
Jawaharlal Nehru became the Prime Minister, the first of independent India. The voters’ turnout was 67.6 percent. 54 parties had contested this election. Elections took around four months; October 25, 1951 to February 21, 1952. Election was held in 26 Indian states and 401 constituencies
Question 46
Which article defines single election to Indian constitution?
A
325
B
324
C
328
D
326
Question 46 Explanation: 
For the conduct of free, fair and regular elections, Article 324 of the Indian Constitution provides for a single Election Commission which is entrusted with the superintendence, direction and control of all elections to Parliament, state legislatures and to the offices of the President and Vice –President of India.
Question 47
  • Assertion(A): The Main objective of the constitution of Election Commission of India is
to have a permanent and independent election
  • Reason(R): Election commission conducts internal political party election
A
A is correct and R is Wrong
B
A is Wrong and R is Correct
C
Both A and R are Correct, but R is not correct Explanation of A
D
Both A and R are Correct, R is correct Explanation of A
Question 47 Explanation: 
The Main objective of the constitution of Election Commission of India is to have a permanent and independent election machinery, which is free from political pressure of the party in power and the executive of the day, and which could be entrusted with the task of holding free and fair elections to the parliament and the state legislatures and to the offices of the President and Vice-President of India.
Question 48
After how many decades a single party receives a majority in 16th Lok Sabha election?
A
5
B
3
C
2
D
1
Question 48 Explanation: 
More than 553 million voters in our country exercised their franchise in the 16th Lok Sabha in 2014 in 930,000 polling stations. India’s voting pool is larger than the total population of the United States of America and Western Europe combined. It is for the first time after three decades that a single party receives a majority.
Question 49
Which of the following statement is correct about Election Commission of India?
  1. It has a Chief Election Commissioner and Two other election commissioners\
  2. They are appointed by Prime Minister
  3. Other than Chief Election Commissioner, the other two can be impeached on Recommendation of Chief Election Commissioner.
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
None of the above
Question 50
When did 1st election to Tamil Nadu legislative assembly took place after independence?
A
1951
B
1952
C
1959
D
1949
Question 51
When did Supreme Court said a person, who is in jail or police custody, cannot contest elections to legislative bodies?
A
1991
B
2013
C
2000
D
2001
Question 51 Explanation: 
In a landmark judgement, the Supreme Court held on July 11, 2013 that a person, who is in jail or police custody, cannot contest elections to legislative bodies. A day earlier, on July 10, 2013, the same Bench had held that charge-sheeted Members of Parliament (MP’s), Members of Legislative Assembly (MLA’s) and Members of Legislative Councils (MLC’s), once they are convicted for the offences, will be immediately disqualified from holding office. The Bench struck down Section 8(4) of the Representation of the People’s Act, which allowed convicted MP’s and MLA’s, a three-month period for filing their appeal to the High Court.
Question 52
Who nominates chief electoral officer of a state/union territory?
A
Prime Minister
B
Chief Minister
C
Governor
D
Election commission of India
Question 52 Explanation: 
The chief electoral officer of a state/union territory is authorised to supervise the election work in the state/ union territory subject to the overall superintendence, direction and control of the election commission. The Election commission of India nominates or designates an officer of the government of the state / union territory as the chief electoral officer in consultation with the state government/ union territory administration.
Question 53
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. District election officer supervises the election work of a district.
  2. The Election Commission of India nominates or designates an officer of the state government as the district election officer in consultation with the state government.
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 53 Explanation: 
Subject to the superintendence, direction and control of the chief electoral officer, the district election officer supervises the election work of a district. The Election Commission of India nominates or designates an officer of the state government as the district election officer in consultation with the state government.
Question 54
Who is responsible for the conduct of elections in the Assembly constituency?
A
District Election Officer
B
Presiding Officer
C
Returning Officer
D
Returning Officer
Question 54 Explanation: 
The returning officer of a Parliamentary or Assembly constituency is responsible for the conduct of elections in the Parliamentary or Assembly constituency concerned. The Election Commission of India nominates or designates an officer of the government or a local authority as the returning officer for each of the assembly or parliamentary constituencies in consultation with the state government/union territory administration. In addition, the election commission of India also appoints one or more assistant returning officers for each of the assembly or parliamentary consituencies to assist the returning officer in the performance of his functions in connection with the conduct of elections.
Question 55
Which of the following statement is incorrect?
  1. The Electoral registration officer is responsible for the preparation of electoral rolls for a parliamentary/ assembly constituency.
  2. One or more Assistant electoral registration officers to assist the Electoral registration officer are appointed by the Election commission of India
A
2 alone
B
1 alone
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 55 Explanation: 
The Electoral registration officer is responsible for the preparation of electoral rolls for a parliamentary/ assembly constituency. The Election commission of India, in consultation with the state/ union territory government, appoints an officer of the government or the local authorities as the Electoral registration officer. One or more Assistant electoral registration officers to assist the Electoral registration officer are appointed by the Election commission of India.
Question 56
Who appoints the Presiding officers and the Polling officers?
A
Election Commission of India
B
Governor
C
Chief Electoral Officer
D
District Election Officer
Question 56 Explanation: 
The Presiding officer with the assistance of Polling officers conducts the poll at a polling station. The district election officer appoints the Presiding officers and the Polling officers. In the case of union territories, such appointments are made by the returning officers
Question 57
Who appoints election observers (general observers and election expenditure observers)?
A
Election Commission of India
B
Governor
C
Chief Electoral Officer
D
District Election Officer
Question 57 Explanation: 
The Election Commission of India nominates officers of government as Election observers (general observers and election expenditure observers) for Parliamentary and Assembly constituencies. They perform such functions as are entrusted to them by the commission. They report directly to the commission.
Question 58
Match the following
  1. Tarkunde Committee                     1. 1993
  2. Tanka Committee                          2. 2007
  3. Vohra Committee                          3. 2010
  4. Veerappa Moily Commission      4. 1974
A
3, 1, 2, 4
B
4, 3, 1, 2
C
4, 1, 2, 3
D
3, 4, 2, 1
Question 59
In which year provision was made for adjournment of poll in case of booth capturing?
A
1999
B
1989
C
1979
D
2003
Question 59 Explanation: 
Lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 through the 61st amendment act of 1988. Officers, and staff engaged in preparation, revision and correction of electoral rolls for elections to be on deputation to the Election commission. Increase of number of proposers to 10% of the electors of the constituency or 10 electors, whichever is less. In 1989, a provision was made to facilitate the use of electronic voting machines in elections. In 1989, a provision was made for adjournment of poll in case of booth capturing
Question 60
How many days concern party should propose another candidate on the death of a contesting candidate?
A
14 days
B
7 days
C
21 days
D
3 days
Question 60 Explanation: 
Prohibition on the sale of liquor within a polling area during the period of 48 hours ending with the hour fixed for the conclusion of poll. On the death of a contesting candidate, the party concerned would be given an option to propose another candidate within 7 days. The registered voters are entitled for a paid holiday on the polling day. Prohibition of arms.
Question 61
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. In 1998 a provision was made whereby the employees of local authorities, nationalized banks, universities, LIC, government undertakings and other government aided institutions can be requisitioned for deployment on election day
  2. In 2013, the Election commission issued an order for the declaration of criminal antecedents, assets etc.
  3. In 1999, a provision was made for voting by certain classes of persons through postal ballot.
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
None of the above
Question 61 Explanation: 
In 1998 a provision was made whereby the employees of local authorities, nationalized banks, universities, LIC, government undertakings and other government aided institutions can be requisitioned for deployment on election day. In 2003, the facility to opt for voting through proxy was provided to the service voters belonging to the armed forces and members belonging to a force to which provisions of the Army Act apply. In 2003, Rajya Sabha elections were reformed by removing the domicile of the contesting candidate and further introduction of open ballot system was introduced.
Question 62
In which year restrictions were imposed on conducting exit polls and publishing the results of exit polls?
A
2000
B
2009
C
2004
D
1998
Question 62 Explanation: 
Free supply of electoral rolls by the government. In 2009, restrictions were imposed on conducting exit polls and publishing the results of exit polls. In 2009, a provision was made for the disqualification of a person found guilty of corrupt practices which provided for a three-month time limit within which the specified authority will have to submit the case of the person found to be guilty.
Question 63
When was Ceiling on election expenditure was increased?
A
2000
B
2001
C
2011
D
2014
Question 63 Explanation: 
Explanation Increase in security deposit. Appointment of appellate authorities within the district. Ceiling on election expenditure was increased in 2011
Question 64
When was 52nd amendment was passed?
A
1985
B
1995
C
1979
D
1972
Question 64 Explanation: 
The 52nd Amendment Act of 1985 provided for the disqualification of the members of Parliament and the State legislatures on the ground of defection from one political party to another. For this purpose, it added the Tenth Schedule to the Constitution. This act is often referred to as “Anti-defection law”. Later the 91st Amendment Act of 2003 made one change in the provision i.e., disqualification on ground of defection not to apply in case of split.
Question 65
When member of a house belonging to any political party becomes disqualified?
  1. if he voluntarily gives up his membership
  2. if he votes or abstains from voting contrary to any direction issued by his political party without obtaining prior permission of the party
  3. independent member of the house becomes disqualified to remain a member of the house if he joins any political party after such election
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
All the above
Question 65 Explanation: 
A member of a house belonging to any political party becomes disqualified if he voluntarily gives up his membership or if he votes or abstains from voting contrary to any direction issued by his political party without obtaining prior permission of the party. An independent member of the house becomes disqualified to remain a member of the house if he joins any political party after such election.
Question 66
When will a nominated member of the house gets disqualified?
A
If he joins any political party after the expiry of six months from the date on which he takes his seat in the house
B
If he joins any political party before the expiry of six months from the date on which he takes his seat in the house
C
If he joins any political party after the expiry of one year from the date on which he takes his seat in the house
D
If he joins any political party before the expiry one year from the date on which he takes his seat in the house
Question 66 Explanation: 
A nominated member of the house gets disqualified if he joins any political party after the expiry of six months from the date on which he takes his seat in the house.
Question 67
When will the Disqualifications on the ground of defection does not apply?
  1. if a member goes out of his party as a result of a merger of the party with another party
  2. if a member, after being elected as the Presiding officer of the house, voluntarily gives up the membership of his party
  3. if a member, after being elected as the Presiding officer of the house re-joins after he ceases to hold that office
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
All the above
Question 67 Explanation: 
Disqualifications on the ground of defection does not apply, if a member goes out of his party as a result of a merger of the party with another party; if a member, after being elected as the Presiding officer of the house, voluntarily gives up the membership of his party or rejoins after he ceases to hold that office.
Question 68
Who is empowered to make rules to give effect to the provisions of the tenth schedule?
A
Presiding officer
B
President
C
Governor
D
Governor
Question 68 Explanation: 
The Presiding officer of a house is empowered to make rules to give effect to the provisions of the tenth schedule. All such rules must be placed before the house for 30 days. The house may approve or disapprove them. Further he may direct that any willful contravention by any member of such rules may be dealt with in the same manner as a breach of privilege of the house.
Question 69
Which schedule is designed to strengthen the fabric of Indian Parliamentary democracy by curbing unprincipled and unethical political defections?
A
8th Schedule
B
9th Schedule
C
10th Schedule
D
5th Schedule
Question 69 Explanation: 
Evaluation of the Act The tenth schedule of the constitution is designed to prevent the mischief of political defections motivated by the lure of office or material benefits It is intended to strengthen the fabric of Indian Parliamentary democracy by curbing unprincipled and unethical political defections It provides for greater stability in the body politic by checking the propensity of the legislators to change parties It facilitates democratic realignment of parties in the legislature by way of merger of parties It gives a clear-cut constitutional recognition to the existence of political parties.
Question 70
  • Assertion(A): Transferable Vote System is followed for Rajya Sabha elections
  • Reason(R): The members are elected by the respective State Legislative assemblies.
The voters are the MLAs in that state.
A
A is correct and R is Wrong
B
A is Wrong and R is Correct
C
Both A and R are Correct, but R is not correct Explanation of A
D
Both A and R are Correct, R is correct Explanation of A
Question 70 Explanation: 
Transferable Vote System is followed for Rajya Sabha elections. Every state has a specific quota of seats in the Rajya Sabha. The members are elected by the respective State Legislative assemblies. The voters are the MLAs in that state. Every voter is required to rank candidates according to her or his preference.
Question 71
Which of the following statement is incorrect regarding Rajya Sabha election?
  1. When the votes are counted, it is done on the basis of first preference votes secured by each candidate
  2. If after the counting of all first preference votes, required number of candidates fail to full-fill the quota, the candidate who secured the lowest votes of first preference is eliminated and his/ her votes are transferred to those who are mentioned as second preference on those ballot papers
 
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 71 Explanation: 
When the votes are counted, it is done on the basis of first preference votes secured by each candidate; If after the counting of all first preference votes, required number of candidates fail to full-fill the quota, the candidate who secured the lowest votes of first preference is eliminated and his/ her votes are transferred to those who are mentioned as second preference on those ballot papers. This process continues till the required number of candidates are declared elected.
Question 72
When was the Voting rights to citizens of India living abroad were provided?
A
2000
B
2010
C
2015
D
2003
Question 72 Explanation: 
Explanation In 2003, an exemption of travelling expenditure from being included in the election expenses of the candidate was made. Voting rights to citizens of India living abroad were provided in 2010.
Question 73
Uses of Electronic Voting Machine is____ method
  1. Open Ballot
  2. Secret Ballot
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 73 Explanation: 
Open Ballot is a system of choosing the representative by raising one’s hands!! Secret Ballot is a system in which the voter casts his vote without the knowledge of anyone into a Ballot Box or uses an Electronic Voting Machine!!
Question 74
For Casting a negative vote, voter could enter his electoral serial number in the form____
A
14A
B
17A
C
19A
D
21A
Question 74 Explanation: 
Before the NOTA option was introduced, people who wanted to cast negative votes, had to enter their names in a register and cast their vote on a separate ballot paper. Under Section 49(O) of the conduct of election rules, 1961, a voter could enter his electoral serial number in the form 17A and cast negative vote.
Question 75
Which of the following countries follow NOTA?
  1. Columbia
  2. France
  3. Greece
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
All the above
Question 75 Explanation: 
Countries which allow NOTA are Columbia, Ukraine, Brazil, Bangladesh, Finland, Spain, Sweden, Chile, France, Belgium and Greece. USA also allows it in few cases. The state of Texas permits the provision since 1975.
Question 76
Which of the following statement about State funding of election incorrect?
  1. State funding of elections is a concept designed to reduce corruption by funding elections with government money as opposed to individual campaign contributions
  2. It is also believed that state funding is a natural and necessary cost of democracy
  3. It is recommended that the state funding of elections can be the best way to achieve transparency in political funding
A
1, 2
B
2,3
C
1,3
D
none
Question 76 Explanation: 
State Funding of Elections: * State funding of elections is a concept designed to reduce corruption by funding elections with government money as opposed to individual campaign contributions * It is recommended that the state funding of elections can be the best way to achieve transparency in political funding * It is also believed that state funding is a natural and necessary cost of democracy. It brings new and growing parties, thus ensuring fair elections * If parties and candidates are financed with only private funds, economical inequalities in the society might translate into political inequalities in government.
Question 77
Which committee backed the idea of state funding of elections?
A
Tarkunde Committee
B
Tanka Committee
C
Vohra Committee
D
Indrajit Gupta Committee
Question 77 Explanation: 
Indrajit Gupta Committee on state funding of Elections, 1998: The Indrajit Gupta Committee on State Funding of Elections, 1998, backed the idea of state funding of elections on principle, stating that “The committee see full jurisdiction constitutional, legal as well as on the ground of public interest, for grant of state subvention to political parties, so as to establish such conditions where even the parties with modest financial resources may be able to compete with those who have superior financial resources.
Question 78
How much amount was recommended Indrajit Gupta Committee by Central Govt. as  election fund?
A
100 Crore
B
300 Crore
C
600 Crore
D
1000 Crore
Question 78 Explanation: 
The Indrajit Gupta committee has recommended the creation of a separate Election Fund with an annual contribution of Rs. 600 Core by the centre and a matching amount contributed by all state governments together. The committee has suggested that in order to be eligible for state funding, political parties and other candidates should have submitted their income tax returns up to the previous assessment year.
Question 79
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. Youngsters who are involved in the electoral process affirm their support as well as acquire a stake in the system and an appreciation that they too can affect politics and policy
  2. Young people should vote to develop a habit of voting from the start, and thus ensure high turnout
  3. Voting is the only form of participation in which each citizen has an equal say (one person, one vote).
A
1, 2
B
2,3
C
1,3
D
All the above
Question 79 Explanation: 
* Elections play a vital role in a system of representative democracy. Youngsters who are involved in the electoral process affirm their support as well as acquire a stake in the system and an appreciation that they too can affect politics and policy * Voting is the only form of participation in which each citizen has an equal say (one person, one vote). By voting, youth have the same ability as others to exercise political influence or pressure * Universal participation in elections ensures the faithful representation of the popular will * Young people should vote to develop a habit of voting from the start, and thus ensure high turnout * Young people may have political interests that differ from those of old voters. If young people don’t vote, they and their distinct interests are more likely to be ignored or neglected by policy makers.
Question 80
Who among the following stated this? “He alone, who owns the youth gains the future”
A
Mahatma Gandhi
B
Jawaharlal Nehru
C
Adolf Hitler
D
Nelson Mandela
Question 80 Explanation: 
“He alone, who owns the youth gains the future” -Adolf Hitler Today youth has the power to transform our nation, and it will. The responsibility of transformation, progress and innovation lies on their shoulders.
Question 81
Who directed Election Commission to have an option of NOTA in EVM?
A
High Court of Madras
B
High Court of Calcutta
C
High court of Bombay
D
Supreme Court of India
Question 81 Explanation: 
None Of The Above - A voter’s right to reject a step towards electoral reforms. In its efforts of cleansing the political system, the Supreme Court of India upheld the right of voters to reject all candidates contesting the elections. The apex court directed the Election Commission to have an option of “None Of The Above” (NOTA) on the electronic voting machines (EVMs).
Question 82
What was a similar provision before NOTA?
A
Positive voting
B
Negative voting
C
None voting
D
None of the above
Question 82 Explanation: 
NOTA is the option at the end of the Candidates’ List, on the EVMs. There was a similar provision before NOTA was called Negative Voting.
Question 83
To which parties state funding of elections are applicable?
  1. independent candidates
  2. national parties
  3. state parties
A
1,2
B
1,3
C
2,3
D
None
Question 83 Explanation: 
Indrajit Gupta Committee on state funding of Elections added two limitations A. Such funds could not be doled out to independent candidates, and only to national and state parties having granted a symbol and proven the popularity among the electorate B. In the short –term, state funding may be given only in kind, in the form of certain facilities to the recognized political parties and their candidates.
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