Introduction Of Political Science Online Test 11th Political Science Lesson 1 Questions in English

Introduction Of Political Science Online Test 11th Political Science Lesson 1 Questions in English

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Question 1
Which was primarily concerned with the study of ethics?
A
Politics
B
Science
C
History
D
Astrology
Question 1 Explanation: 
Politics was primarily concerned with the study of ethics. It further focused on the study of political ideas, political institutions and processes within states and the relations between states. But the last two centuries witnessed the study of politics concentrating on the conflict between liberty and equality.
Question 2
Who among the following was the father of pollical science?
A
Pythagoras
B
Plato
C
Aristotle
D
Socrates
Question 2 Explanation: 
The Greek philosopher Aristotle, the father of Political Science, considered the study of politics as a systematic inquiry to understand the truth about politics so as to explain the relationship between the State and the individual. He described and classified different political systems
Question 3
Who among the following was the teacher of Aristotle?
A
Pythagoras
B
Plato
C
Socrates
D
Homer
Question 3 Explanation: 
Aristotle and Plato made immense contributions to the origin and development of the discipline. Plato analysed different political systems and Aristotle, closely following the trails of his teacher Plato, gave the analysis a historical perspective.
Question 4
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Politics was a matter of discussion in the churches during the Ancient period as political power remained with the church under the Holy British Empire.
  2. The works of philosophers such as St. Augustine (‘The City of God’) amalgamated the principles of political philosophy with those of religion.
  3. It must be noted here that for the Greek and medieval philosophers, politics was a knowledge Centring on the city-state, which by and large had spiritual bond.
A
Only 2
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 2 and 3
D
All 1,2 and 3
Question 4 Explanation: 
Politics was a matter of discussion in the churches during the medieval period as political power remained with the church under the Holy Roman Empire.
Question 5
Who laid the foundations of modern political science through his emphasis on empirical observation and investigation of political structures from a secular perspective?
A
Thomas Hobbes
B
Michelangelo
C
John Locke
D
Niccolo Machiavelli
Question 5 Explanation: 
It was during the Italian Renaissance that Niccolo Machiavelli laid the foundations of modern political science through his emphasis on empirical observation and investigation of political structures and political behaviour from a secular perspective.
Question 6
Who defines political science is ‘Who gets What, When and How?’
A
Daniel Lerner
B
Edward Bernays
C
Harold Laswell
D
Bruce Smith
Question 6 Explanation: 
Politics, in the words of Harold Laswell, an American Political Scientist, is ‘Who gets What, When and How?’ This definition is based on the assumption that all societies exhibit sharp diversities with people pursuing different interests and values and hence there requires a mechanism through which the conflicting interests are reconciled.
Question 7
According to whom politics was all about class conflict and political power?
A
Daniel Lerner
B
Karl Marx
C
Bruce Smith
D
John Locke
Question 7 Explanation: 
For Karl Marx, politics was all about class conflict and political power and to David Easton politics meant ‘the authoritative allocation of values.
Question 8
Which among the following statement is Incorrect
  1. Political scientists have explained politics through its basic concepts such as power, order and justice. Power is the ability to make and enforce rules and to influence the behaviour of the individual
  2. Power is the moral or legal right and is the ability to control. Power implies legitimacy, where power is exercised through established institutions and people willingly accept it as proper and just.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 8 Explanation: 
Authority is the moral or legal right and is the ability to control. It implies legitimacy, where power is exercised through established institutions and people willingly accept it as proper and just. Power, on the other hand, may or may not be legitimate.
Question 9
Which among the following statement is Incorrect
  1. Politics is also concerned about order which denotes the structures, rules, rituals, procedures and practices that make up the political system.
  2. As the minority is ruled by the majority, there is always an apprehension of the fairness of the government mechanism. Therefore, the exercise of power should be based on the foundations of economic.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 9 Explanation: 
As the majority is ruled by the minority, there is always an apprehension of the fairness of the government mechanism. Therefore, the exercise of power should be based on the foundations of justice.
Question 10
Who among the following stated “The world around is clearly a political world. All mankind has been drawn into some political association through which men engage in operation and conflict”?
A
David Easton
B
Robert Michel
C
Karl Marx
D
D. G. Hitchner
Question 10 Explanation: 
D. G. Hitchner states that “The world around is clearly a political world. All mankind has been drawn into some political association through which men engage in operation and conflict”.
Question 11
Which among the following statement is wrongly matched
A
Karl Marx - There is a limited amount of power in society, which can only be held by one person or group at a time.
B
David Easton - Whoever you are or want to be, you may not be interested in politics, but politics is interested in you
C
Robert Michel - Power breeds power and this form the central tenet of elitism
D
Aristotle - Man is by nature a political animal and he, who by nature and not by mere accident is without state is either above humanity or below it.
Question 11 Explanation: 
David Easton - Power is a relationship in which one group of persons are able to determine the actions of the others in the direction of the former’s own end Marshal Berman - Whoever you are or want to be, you may not be interested in politics, but politics is interested in you.
Question 12
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. The switch from ‘Politics’ to ‘Political Science’ occurred as the discipline began to emerge as an autonomous discipline in the modern period. The term politics referred to the affairs of the city state, which was a small community, in the ancient Greece
  2. It means that when someone says he is interested in politics it implies that he is involved in several political activities. relating to political issues, legislations, labour issues, party activities and the rest which has far wider canvass.
  3. Further, politics in one country differ from the others. What is ‘politics’ in India may not mean the same in other places. But ‘political science’ will mean one and the same thing everywhere.
A
Only 2
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 2 and 3
D
All 1,2 and 3
Question 13
When the political scientists met at Paris and found the term ‘Political Science’ more acceptable?
A
1948
B
1924
C
1953
D
1961
Question 13 Explanation: 
The Political Scientists who met at Paris in 1948 also found the term ‘Political Science’ more acceptable. It is not appropriate to use the two terms as synonyms, though a few still prefer to style the discipline also as politics.
Question 14
Who established a School of Political Science at the Columbia University in 1880?
A
Douglas Waples
B
John W. Burges
C
Herbert A Simon
D
Carl Hovland
Question 14 Explanation: 
Political Science as an autonomous discipline dates back to 1880 when John W. Burgess established a School of Political Science at the Columbia University. By 1920’s most of the leading Universities established an exclusive department for the study of Political Science.
Question 15
Who among the following stressed more on the study of social facts over the study of static institutions in Political Science?
A
Max Weber
B
Karl Marx
C
Frank Goodnow
D
Friedrich Engels
Question 15 Explanation: 
After world war II scholars such as Woodrow Wilson and Frank Goodnow stressed more on the study of social facts over the study of static institutions.
Question 16
Who among the following had a conscious effort of developing an objective, value-free analysis of politics and the principle impetus in this regard came during the 1920’s from the Chicago University?
A
Max Weber
B
Edmund Burke
C
Bertrand Russell
D
Arthur Bentley
Question 16 Explanation: 
There was a conscious effort by scientists such as Arthur Bentley to develop an objective, value-free analysis of politics and the principle impetus in this regard came during the 1920’s from the Chicago University.
Question 17
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Roger Scruton’s ‘Political Power’ and Karl Popper’s ‘Politics: Who Gets What, When, How?’ made the aspect of power the central theme of politics. Roger Scruton was the leading figure in this movement for empirical observation and measurement in political analysis
  2. The totalitarian regimes in Europe and Asia in the 1920’s and 30’s and the onset of the Second World War turned the discipline away from its focus on institutions and procedures.
  3. Works during this phase focused more on political parties, pressure groups, elites and the basis of electoral choices. This new focus on political behaviour came to be known as ‘behaviouralism’. The term was borrowed from ‘behaviourism’ in psychology.
A
Only 2
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 2 and 3
D
All 1,2 and 3
Question 17 Explanation: 
Charles E. Merriam’s ‘Political Power’ and Harold Lasswell’s ‘Politics: Who Gets What, When, how?’ made the aspect of power the central theme of politics. Charles E. Merriam was the leading figure in this movement for empirical observation and measurement in political analysis.
Question 18
Which was a reaction against the orthodoxy and dominance of the behavioural methods in the study of politics?
A
Pro–Behaviouralism
B
Post–Behaviouralism
C
Actionalaism
D
Pre–Behaviouralism
Question 18 Explanation: 
Later, the 1960’s saw the emergence of a new trend known as ‘Post-Behaviouralism’. It was a reaction against the orthodoxy and dominance of the behavioural methods in the study of politics. The call for the development of this trend was given by David Easton, who ironically, was one of the leading advocates of the behavioural revolution
Question 19
Which among the following is not the principle of modern political analysis?
A
The search for Realism
B
The search for precision
C
The search for intellectual order
D
The search for uncomprehensive scope
Question 19 Explanation: 
The modern political analysis began to rest upon the following four principles:1. the search for comprehensive scope 2. the search for realism 3. the search for precision 4. the search for intellectual order.
Question 20
For whom the political science begins and ends with State?
A
Garner
B
Leacock
C
Seeley
D
Laswell
Question 20 Explanation: 
For Garner political science begins and ends with State. Leacock and Seeley see its dealing with government.
Question 21
Who defines Political Science is a science which is concerned with the State, endeavors to understand and comprehend the State in its essential nature, various forms, manifestations and development?
A
Moynier
B
Moynier
C
Carlos Calvo
D
Bluntschli
Question 21 Explanation: 
Bluntschli defines Political Science is a science which is concerned with the State, endeavors to understand and comprehend the State in its essential nature, various forms, manifestations and development.
Question 22
When American political science association was founded?
A
1893
B
1871
C
1903
D
1931
Question 22 Explanation: 
The American Political Science Association founded in 1903 made efforts to separate the study of politics from other social sciences such as history and economics.
Question 23
Which among the following statement is incorrect
  1. Political Science is concerned with the theory and practice of politics. It describes and analyzes political systems and political behaviour. It traces the origin and development of State.
  2. The behavioural revolution stressed on the need for a scientific and systematic analysis of individual and group behaviour. With the advent of Post-Behaviouralism, relevance to social problems along with political facts became the focus of Political Science.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 24
Which among the following is not the scope of political science according to the International Political Science Association in 1948?
A
Political Theory
B
Political Exponent
C
Political Dynamic
D
Political Relation
Question 24 Explanation: 
In the year 1948, the International Political Science Association mentioned the following as the Scope of Political Science;1. Political Theory 2. Political Institutions 3. Political Dynamics 4. International Relations.
Question 25
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Scope of the discipline implies its jurisdiction or subject-matter. Political Science covers a vast field. Basically, it is seen as a study of State. The state is located on a territory with its own people and a government to maintain and promote orderly and happier life.
  2. Hence the scope of the discipline remains a quantum. Further the human nature will remain static. Men never Change and the scope of the discipline keep constant.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 25 Explanation: 
Hence the scope of the discipline takes a quantum jump. Further the human nature will not remain static. Men Change and the scope of the discipline keep expanding. As the subject matter of political science includes enacting legislations that binds every one and every other activity its areas of inquiry.
Question 26
Who among the following argue that Political Science is the study of both state and government?
A
Bluntschli
B
Karl Deutsch
C
Harold Laski
D
All the above
Question 26 Explanation: 
Scholar such as Harold Laski argue that Political Science is the study of both state and government.
Question 27
Who among the following opines that Political Science deals only with the government?
A
Bluntschli
B
Karl Deutsch
C
Marshal Berman
D
Gettel
Question 27 Explanation: 
Some political theorists such as Bluntschli have restricted the scope of Political Science to the study of State alone as they believe the State includes also the government. On the other hand, other writers such as Karl Deutsch opines that Political Science deals only with the government.
Question 28
Which among the following does not comes under purview of political science?
A
Study of International Relations which includes diplomacy
B
International laws
C
International organizations
D
International stock exchange
Question 28 Explanation: 
Moreover, the study of International Relations which includes diplomacy, international laws and international organizations also come within the purview of Political Science. It is also a study of Public policy explaining the governmental and non-governmental responses to public issues.
Question 29
Political science throws light on the relationship between whom?
A
State and Individual
B
State and state
C
Individual and Government
D
State and Government
Question 29 Explanation: 
An empirical study of political dynamics explains the political behaviour of individuals, groups and organizations. Most importantly, Political Science throws light on the relationship between individuals and the state.
Question 30
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Political Theory is an important component of Political Science. It includes political thought and philosophy and further explains the basic concepts of the discipline. Political Science examines the nature, structure and working of political institutions.
  2. It undertakes a comparative analysis of different constitutions and governments from past. The scope of the discipline does not include the study of contemporary forces in government and politics. This includes only study of political parties, interest groups and pressure groups from past (Medieval).
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 30 Explanation: 
It undertakes a comparative analysis of different constitutions and governments. The scope of the discipline also includes the study of contemporary forces in government and politics. This includes the study of political parties, interest groups and pressure groups.
Question 31
Who among the following opinion that political sciences lack scientific character as there is no consensus of opinion among experts on its nature, methods and approaches?
A
Harold Laswell
B
David Easton
C
Auguste Comte
D
Marshall Berman
Question 31 Explanation: 
There is a great debate on the scientific nature of Political Science. Writers like Auguste Comte and Maitland are of the opinion that political sciences lack scientific character as there is no consensus of opinion among experts on its nature, methods and approaches. Hence several scholars identify it with Arts.
Question 32
Who was the first one to call political science as a supreme science?
A
Socrates
B
Aristotle
C
Homer
D
Plato
Question 32 Explanation: 
On the other hand, some writers argue that Political Science is the science of state and government. Aristotle was the first one to call it as a supreme science.
Question 33
Who defines science as knowledge relating to a particular subject acquired by a systematic study, observation or experience?
A
Bodin
B
Hobbes
C
Dr Garner
D
Bluntschli
Question 33 Explanation: 
Dr Garner defines science as knowledge relating to a particular subject acquired by a systematic study, observation or experience. If science is thus defined, conclusions in Political Science are also drawn after systematic study, observation or experience.
Question 34
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Political Science cannot claim of universal laws as in the case of natural sciences, there are conclusions that can be proven. For instance, it can’t be denied that democracy is the most suited form of government in pluralistic societies and that best possible one to promote social welfare.
  2. Political Science strictly adhere to the theory of cause and effect, certain political phenomena have their own cause and effect. For instance, poverty and unemployment cannot result in the consequence of revolution. Hence, some writers conclude that Political Science is undoubtedly a ‘Art’.
  3. Though Political Science cannot be equated with the natural sciences but nevertheless, it is a social science dealing with individuals and their relations with the State and government. whether Political Science could be seen as an Art or Science would largely depend on the chosen subject matter for the study and the approaches used to carry out the study.
A
Only 2
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 1 and 3
D
All 1,2 and 3
Question 34 Explanation: 
Though Political Science does not strictly adhere to the theory of cause and effect, certain political phenomena have their own cause and effect. For instance, poverty and unemployment are causes that can result in the consequence of revolution. Hence, some writers conclude that Political Science is undoubtedly a ‘Science’.
Question 35
How many methods of approaches to the study of political science?
A
Two
B
Four
C
Three
D
Six
Question 35 Explanation: 
There are both traditional and modern or scientific approaches. The traditional approaches are highly speculative and normative and the modern approaches are more empirical and scientific in nature.
Question 36
Which among the following doesn’t come under Traditional approach?
A
Philosophical approach
B
Historical approach
C
Economic approach
D
Institutional approach
Question 36 Explanation: 
Four types of approach come under Traditional approach; 1. Philosophical approach 2. Historical approach 3. Legal approach 4. Institutional approach
Question 37
Which among the following approach is also known as the structural approach?
A
Philosophical approach
B
Historical approach
C
Legal approach
D
Institutional approach
Question 37 Explanation: 
Institutional approach is also known as the structural approach. It lays stress on the formal structures of the political organization such as legislature, executive and judiciary. The informal structures are also studied and a comparative study of the governmental systems are encouraged.
Question 38
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Historical approach throws light on the past comparing with present and traces the origin and development of the political institutions. It seeks to study the role of state and their motives, accomplishments and failures in the past and its implications for the future.
  2. In understanding the political issues of today, the help of historical parallels is sought. However, critics argue that historical parallels can be illuminating, but at the same time they can also be misleading as it is loaded with superficial resemblances
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 38 Explanation: 
Historical approach throws light on the past and traces the origin and development of the political institutions. It seeks to study the role of individuals and their motives, accomplishments and failures in the past and its implications for the future.
Question 39
Which approach is also known as speculative, metaphysical or ethical approach?
A
Philosophical approach
B
Historical approach
C
Legal approach
D
Institutional approach
Question 39 Explanation: 
Philosophical approach is the oldest approach to the study of politics. It is also known as speculative, metaphysical or ethical approach. The study of state, government and the political behaviour of man is intricately linked with the quest for achieving certain goals, morals or truths.
Question 40
The study of politics is linked with the study of legal institutions created by the what?
A
Government
B
State
C
Individual
D
Organisation
Question 40 Explanation: 
The study of politics is linked with the study of legal institutions created by the State for the maintenance of the political organization. As the State is engaged in the maintenance of law and order, the study of judicial institutions become the concern of political theorists.
Question 41
Which among the following statement is incorrect
  1. Institutional approach looks at the State as an organization primarily concerned with the creation and enforcement of law. However, critics argue that this approach has a wide perspective
  2. In legal approach the State has various other functions to perform other than enforcement of law and order. Laws deal with only one aspect of an individual’s life and do not enable the complete understanding of his political behaviour.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 41 Explanation: 
Legal approach looks at the State as an organization primarily concerned with the creation and enforcement of law. However, critics argue that this approach has a narrow perspective.
Question 42
Which approach is criticized for being highly speculative and abstract?
A
Legal approach
B
Institutional approach
C
Philosophical approach
D
Historical approach
Question 42 Explanation: 
Philosophical approach is criticized for being highly speculative and abstract.
Question 43
Which approach is criticized for laying too much emphasis on formal and informal structures and ignoring the role of individual?
A
Legal approach
B
Institutional approach
C
Philosophical approach
D
Historical approach
Question 43 Explanation: 
Institutional approach is criticized for laying too much emphasis on formal and informal structures and ignoring the role of individual in those institutions.
Question 44
Which among the following does not come under modern approaches of political science?
A
Sociological approach
B
Psychological approach
C
Capital approach
D
Marxist approach
Question 44 Explanation: 
The modern approach of political science is divided into five types. They are 1. Sociological approach 2. Psychological approach 3. Economic approach 4. Behavioural approach 5. Marxist approach
Question 45
Who called Political Science by the name of Political Economy?
A
Americans
B
Greeks
C
Indians
D
Chinese
Question 45 Explanation: 
Economics was considered a branch of Political Science and in fact, the Greeks called Political Science by the name of Political Economy.
Question 46
Which approach ignores the sociological, legal and economic factors in the study of politics?
A
Psychological approach
B
Economic approach
C
Behavioural approach
D
Marxist approach
Question 46 Explanation: 
Psychological approach studies and explains political and social institutions through psychological laws. It assumes that the psychological analysis of political leaders reveals significant knowledge about politics. This approach ignores the sociological, legal and economic factors in the study of politics.
Question 47
Which among the following statement is incorrect
  1. In sociological approach too much of emphasis on the social context can affect the very autonomy of the discipline. This approach emphasizes on the understanding of the social context to explain the political behaviour of the members of the community.
  2. Economical approach is based on a false conception of scientific methods. Thus, the study of politics moved its focus from formalism and normativism to the study of political economic.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 47 Explanation: 
In Behavioural approach, the study of politics moved its focus from formalism and normativism to the study of political behaviour. However, critics argue that Behavioural approach approach is based on a false conception of scientific methods.
Question 48
Which approach perceives State as an inevitable consequence of class contradictions?
A
Psychological approach
B
Sociological approach
C
Economical approach
D
Marxist approach
Question 48 Explanation: 
Marxist approach is basically different from the other modern approaches. It perceives State as an inevitable consequence of class contradictions. It assumes that there is a continuous interaction between the political and economic forces and separating one from the other is not possible.
Question 49
Who among the following said ‘History without Political Science has no fruit; Political Science without History has no root’?
A
John Seeley
B
Edmund Burke
C
Roger Scruton
D
Thomas Paine
Question 49 Explanation: 
John Seeley adds to it through his quote, ‘History without Political Science has no fruit, Political Science without History has no root’.
Question 50
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Political Economy attempts to understand how political institutions, political environment and economy influence each other. The study of Political Science and Economics are directed towards the same end providing the best possible life for its people.
  2. Historians have explained as to how groups with common economic interests have failed to utilized the political process and environment to effect changes for their own benefit.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 50 Explanation: 
Historians have explained as to how groups with common economic interests have utilized the political process and environment to effect changes for their own benefit.
Question 51
Which among the following is closely associated with ethics?
A
Psychology
B
Economic
C
Philosophy
D
Government
Question 51 Explanation: 
Philosophy is closely associated with ethics. Ethics deals with morality and formulates rules and regulations governing the behaviour of individuals in the society.
Question 52
political science is also called as ______
A
Moral science
B
Policy science
C
Governing science
D
Artistical science
Question 52 Explanation: 
Political Science is also called as Policy Science and policies of the State cannot be formulated without the careful analysis of the social needs of the people. Political Science and Sociology are intimately related and it is Sociology that provides the basic information regarding the origin and evolution of state and other political institutions
Question 53
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Ethics is the science of moral order and Political Science is the science of political order. Both Political Science and Ethics aim at the noble and righteous life of humans.
  2. Political Science provides information to Sociology about the organization and functions of the state and how the policies and programmes of the State affect the society at large.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 54
Who among the following gives the fact ‘History is past Politics and Politics is present History’?
A
Harold Laswell
B
John Seeley
C
Robert Michell
D
Freeman
Question 54 Explanation: 
The relationship between History and Political Science is well explained by Freeman as he says ‘History is past Politics and Politics is present History’.
Question 55
According to David Easton Politics is _____
A
The authoritative allocation of values
B
The authoritative allocation of resource
C
The authoritative allocation of authority
D
The authoritative allocation of power
Question 55 Explanation: 
For Karl Marx, politics was all about class conflict and political power and to David Easton politics meant ‘the authoritative allocation of values.
Question 56
Which among the following deals with all the aspects of human behaviour while Political Science deals only with the political behaviour of humans?
A
Sociology
B
Economy
C
Psychology
D
Philosophy
Question 56 Explanation: 
Psychology deals with all the aspects of human behaviour while Political Science deals only with the political behaviour of humans. Psychology throws light on why individuals and groups behave in a certain manner.
Question 57
Who among the following said ‘The application of psychological clue to the riddles of human activity has indeed become the fashion of the day. If our forefathers thought biologically, we think psychologically’?
A
Barker
B
Freeman
C
Gettel
D
Laswell
Question 57 Explanation: 
Barker rightly says, ‘The application of psychological clue to the riddles of human activity has indeed become the fashion of the day. If our forefathers thought biologically, we think psychologically’.
Question 58
In the Indian context, who are all considered as the ancient political thinker?
A
Viyasar and Aryabatta
B
Valmiki and Aryabatta
C
Kautilya and Thiruvalluvar
D
Charaka and Valmiki
Question 58 Explanation: 
Though Kautilya, wrote his book in 300BCE that book concentrated more on the Political Economy, while the Thirukkural of Thiruvalluvar concentrated more on Political governance.
Question 59
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Political Science is far related to Public Administration and in fact, the term ‘Administration’ denotes ‘government’ though Public Administration also includes the study of non-governmental organizations.
  2. Public Administration is the implementation of governmental policies and Political Science deals with the process of policy formulation. There is a similarity in the objective of Political Science and Public Administration they both aim at optimum use of resources and social welfare.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 59 Explanation: 
Political Science is closely related to Public Administration and in fact, the term ‘public’ denotes ‘government’ though Public Administration also includes the study of non-governmental organizations.
Question 60
Which book was written by Kautilya in 3rd century BCE on political economy and administrative governance?
A
Rigveda
B
Manusmriti
C
Amarakosha
D
Arthashastra
Question 60 Explanation: 
Arthashastra is a work on political economy and administrative governance written by Kautilya in 3rd century BCE.
Question 61
The continuously changing and moving in political institutions from one stage to another stage is known as ____
A
Political strategy
B
Political dynamics
C
Political statics
D
Political convention
Question 61 Explanation: 
The continuously changing and moving in political institutions from one stage to another stage is known as political dynamics.
Question 62
Which is a political system based upon the undivided sovereignty or rule of a single person who achieves his position through heredity?
A
Monarchy
B
Dictatorship
C
Republic
D
Aristocracy
Question 62 Explanation: 
Monarchy is a political system based upon the undivided sovereignty or rule of a single person who achieves his position through heredity.
Question 63
Which among the following statement is correct
  1. Political Science is the systematic study of governance by the application of empirical and scientific methods of analysis. Though it involves empirical investigations, it does not generally produce precise predictions.
  2. Political Science examines the state and its organs and institutions. It also encompasses the study of societal, cultural, economic and psychological factors that influence the government.
  3. Political science borrows heavily from the other social sciences but its focus on power differentiates it from the other disciplines. Apart from power, Political Science also focuses on comparative politics, international relations, political theory, public law and public policy.
A
Only 2
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 1 and 3
D
All 1,2 and 3
Question 64
Which is the government by a relatively small privileged class consisting of those felt to be best qualified to rule?
A
Oligarchy
B
Republic
C
Aristocracy
D
Despotism
Question 64 Explanation: 
Aristocracy is the government by a relatively small privileged class consisting of those felt to be best qualified to rule.
Question 65
Which among the following refers to the subordination of all aspects of human life to the authority of the state?
A
Imperialism
B
Totalitarianism
C
Oligarchy
D
Despotism
Question 65 Explanation: 
Totalitarianism refers to the subordination of all aspects of human life to the authority of the state.
Question 66
Which is a government by the few, especially despotic power exercised by a small and privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes?
A
Oligarchy
B
Imperialism
C
Despotism
D
Aristocracy
Question 66 Explanation: 
Oligarchy is a government by the few, especially despotic power exercised by a small and privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes.
Question 67
The policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies is known as ____
A
Dictatorship
B
Despotism
C
Federation
D
Imperialism
Question 67 Explanation: 
The policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies is known as Imperialism.
Question 68
Who among the following said that Political Science deals with the origin, development, purpose and all political problems of the State?
A
Seeley
B
Gettel
C
Garris
D
Harold Laski
Question 68 Explanation: 
According to Garris the Political Science deals with the origin, development, purpose and all political problems of the State.
Question 69
Who said Political Science is an empirical enquiry in the study of shaping and sharing of power?
A
Harold Laswell
B
Seeley
C
Harold Laski
D
David Easton
Question 69 Explanation: 
Harold Laswell said that Political Science is an empirical enquiry in the study of shaping and sharing of power.
Question 70
Who said political science is the historical study of the past, analytical study of the present and ethical study of the future?
A
Garris
B
Gettel
C
Karl Marx
D
Seeley
Question 70 Explanation: 
Gettel said that political science is the historical study of the past, analytical study of the present and ethical study of the future.
Question 71
Which among the following is correctly matched
  1. Harold Laski - The study of Politics concerns itself with the life of men in relation to organized states.
  2. Seeley - Political Science is a science which is concerned with the State, endeavours to understand and comprehend the State in its essential nature, various forms, manifestations and development.
  3. David Easton - Political Science is the process by which scarce resources- human, economic, spiritual are allocated within a social limit, be it a city, a state, a nation or an organization for the purpose of providing for human needs and desires
A
Only 2
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 1 and 3
D
All 1,2 and 3
Question 71 Explanation: 
Seeley - Political Science investigates the phenomena of government as Political Economy deals with Wealth, Biology with Life, Algebra with Numbers and Geometry with Space and Magnitude. Bluntschli - Political Science is a science which is concerned with the State, endeavors to understand and comprehend the State in its essential nature, various forms, manifestations and development.
Question 72
Who among the following quoted “...happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence...”?
A
Aristotle
B
Socrates
C
Homer
D
Kautilya
Question 72 Explanation: 
Aristotle believed that happiness was the most important thing in life. One of Aristotle’s most famous quotes is “...happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence...”
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