Political Ideologies Part – II Online Test 11th Political Science Lesson 9 Questions in English

Political Ideologies Part – II- Online Test 11th Political Science Lesson 9 Questions in English

Congratulations - you have completed Political Ideologies Part – II- Online Test 11th Political Science Lesson 9 Questions in English. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
Which of this ideology is based on the Cooperative Human instincts?
A
Anarchism
B
Socialism
C
Marxism
D
Colonialism
Question 1 Explanation: 
Anarchism is a political ideology that advocates the model of self-governed societies based on innate cooperative instincts of man.
Question 2
State the real meaning of the root word of anarchism?
A
Self Government
B
Instinct
C
Without authority
D
Cooperative
Question 2 Explanation: 
Etymologically, anarchism is derived from the Greek word 'anarchos' meaning 'without authority'.
Question 3
Which of these political philosophers described profit as theft?
A
Karl Marx
B
Pierre Joseph Proudhon
C
Karl Popper
D
Antonia Gramsci
Question 3 Explanation: 
One of the earliest political philosophers of anarchism was Pierre Joseph Proudhon who famously described profit as theft.
Question 4
Which of these personalities are the important advocates of Anarchism?
A
Peter Kropotkin
B
Antonia Gramsci
C
Leo Tolstoy
D
Both a and c
Question 4 Explanation: 
Russian thinker Peter Kropotkin and Russian author Leo Tolstoy are among the other important advocates of the Anarchism philosophy.
Question 5
From which of the following anarchism as an ideology seeks to free human?
A
State
B
Property
C
Religion
D
All the above
Question 5 Explanation: 
Anarchism as an ideology seeks to abolish all authority and emancipate man from the State, property and religion. It alternatively visualizes a society based on voluntary association of human beings.
Question 6
Which of these are considered as an evil by the anarchism ideology?
A
State
B
Profit
C
Property
D
Authority
Question 6 Explanation: 
Anarchism considers the State as an unnecessary evil. State is an evil because it suppresses rights and liberties of man hindering his moral development.
Question 7
Who claim the necessity of State even though it is evil?
A
Positive Liberalists
B
Negative Liberalists
C
Liberalists
D
Marxist
Question 7 Explanation: 
The negative liberalists who called the State necessary even though it is an evil, anarchism reject the State as an unnecessary institution
Question 8
Why the state should be abolished according to Bakunin?
A
State does not perform any useful function in society.
B
Suppresses rights and liberties of man.
C
Domination and Subjugation of one class by another class.
D
State threatens self-ownership.
Question 8 Explanation: 
Bakunin, another famous anarchist thinker asserted that if there is a State, there must be domination and subjugation of one class by another class and therefore all States must vanish
Question 9
Anarchy is based on which of these principles?
A
Marxism
B
Self-Ownership
C
Domination
D
Religion
Question 9 Explanation: 
Anarchy is based upon the principle of self-ownership.
Question 10
Which of these properties does anarchism claims to embody?
A
Voluntary
B
Order
C
Disunity
D
Freedom
Question 10 Explanation: 
Anarchism does not champion the cause of disorder and disunity. On the contrary, it claims to embody order and unity.
Question 11
Choose the correct statements.
  1. i)Human beings are influenced by the Cooperative instincts.
  2. ii) State is a natural institution suppresses the instincts of man.
  3. iii) Anarchy means a society without rulers not without rules.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 11 Explanation: 
Human beings are naturally provided with cooperative instincts. They can lead a life of happiness and fulfillment guided by the instinct of voluntary cooperation. But the artificial institution of the State suppresses the cooperative instincts of man. It endangers freedom and rights of man. Anarchism aspires to destroy the State and implant in its place a new system of voluntary associations. Every man will voluntarily and enthusiastically participate in public life. Anarchy does not mean a society without rules, rather without rulers.
Question 12
Which of these principles are threatened by the State?
A
Self-determination
B
Self-ownership
C
Self-identification
D
Both a and b
Question 12 Explanation: 
Anarchism believes in the principles of self-determination and self-ownership. Every human being has the right to self-determination and can decide his or her life based on his wishes and freedom. Similarly, every person has complete ownership of himself or herself and this is the most basic form of property. The State threatens these two important principles and therefore should be discarded.
Question 13
Which of these are condemned as a source of crime by anarchists?
A
State
B
Property
C
Religion
D
All the above
Question 13 Explanation: 
Anarchism opposes not only State but also other social institutions like family and religion criticizing them to be responsible for the abominable exploitation of man. Some anarchists equate property with tyranny and condemn it as source of crime.
Question 14
Which of these political ideology demands the abolition of state as Anarchism?
A
Marxism
B
Communalism
C
Capitalism
D
Communitarianism
Question 14 Explanation: 
Anarchism is similar to Marxism in demanding the abolition of the State. But while Marxism believes that the State will wither away after the establishment of socialism, anarchism demands the immediate destruction of the State.
Question 15
Who supported Anarchism in the 21st century?
A
Michael Walzer
B
Amitai Etzioni
C
Gerard Casey
D
Will Kymlicka
Question 15 Explanation: 
Gerard Casey supported anarchism in the 21st century by stating that not only the totalitarian and repressive ones all States are criminal organizations. A new system of Stateless societies is the cherished goal of anarchism.
Question 16
How many types of anarchism is categorized?
A
3
B
4
C
7
D
5
Question 16 Explanation: 
There are different kinds of anarchism. They can be categorized as philosophical anarchism, socialist anarchism, revolutionary anarchism and libertarian anarchism.
Question 17
Which of this anarchism restricts the State to minimum extent?
A
Revolutionary anarchism
B
Libertarian anarchism
C
Philosophical anarchism
D
Socialist anarchism
Question 17 Explanation: 
The libertarian anarchism wants to restrict the State to the minimum possible extent. Still, a majority of anarchist philosophers advocate the abolition of the State.
Question 18
What are the disadvantages of Anarchism ideology according to philosophers?
A
All Human beings are not instinctively cooperative
B
Selfish n xzatures of Human beings.
C
Assumptions of anarchism are plainly naive
D
All the above
Question 18 Explanation: 
Philosophers and critical of anarchism opined that anarchism is too optimistic of the human nature. Their assumptions are plainly naive. They are oblivious to the ground realities especially the selfish side of human beings. Not all human beings are instinctively cooperative.
Question 19
  • Assertion (A): The Society without state will be the source of terrorism, Cybercrime and environmental pollution.
  • Reasoning(R): The Extremist group will gain access control in the absence of State.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False
Question 19 Explanation: 
A world or society without the State will prove to be a source of immense misery as issues like terrorism, cybercrime and environmental pollution will spiral out of control. The safety of the world becomes fragile in the absence of the State as extremist groups will gain access and control over nuclear weapons and herald death and destruction.
Question 20
State the idea of feminism
A
Equality with men.
B
Promote Women empowerment
C
Equal political rights for women
D
All the above
Question 20 Explanation: 
Feminism refers to the movements and ideologies that strive to promote empowerment of women so that they achieve equality with men.
Question 21
Who are all considered as Feminist according to Cheris Kramarae?
A
Claiming voting rights to women.
B
Believing woman and man are endowed with same capacities.
C
Recognizes the equality and full humanity of women and men
D
Assuring gender equality in personal and public domains.
Question 21 Explanation: 
Feminism is the radical notion that women are people. A feminist is anyone who recognizes the equality and full humanity of women and men- Cheris Kramarae
Question 22
When did the feminist school of thoughts emerged?
A
10th century
B
19th century
C
21st century
D
12th century
Question 22 Explanation: 
Feminist schools of thought emerged on the horizon of Modern Political Theory from the last decades of the 19th century. It was propelled by scientific realization about the innate capability and equality of women with men.
Question 23
Which of these does not belong to the feminist schools of thought?
A
Positive Feminism
B
Radical Feminism
C
Eco Feminism
D
Marxist Feminism
Question 23 Explanation: 
There are different feminist schools of thought that can be broadly categorized as; Liberal Feminism, Marxist Feminism, Radical Feminism, Eco Feminism and Post-Colonial Feminism.
Question 24
Which of these will be the greatest feat of liberal feminism in the western countries?
A
Endowment of Economic rights.
B
Scientific realization of equality of women and men.
C
Winning Voting rights to women.
D
Encouraging women Empowerment.
Question 24 Explanation: 
The State was considered to be a gender neutral institution. Therefore granting of voting rights to women will culminate in the fruition of women development. The greatest feat of liberal feminism lies in winning voting rights to women in the democratic western countries.
Question 25
  • Assertion (A): Liberal Feminism advocated equal political rights for women in the 19th century.
  • Reasoning(R): The subordination of women could be rectified with the electoral enfranchisement.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False
Question 25 Explanation: 
Liberal Feminism: The feminist movement, in its infant stage in the late 19th century, advocated equal political rights for women. It believed that the subordination of women in society could be rectified with electoral enfranchisement of women and endowment of other political and economic rights.
Question 26
Which of these exploitations were originated from the Ancient slave society?
A
Gender Inequality
B
Private property
C
Universalism
D
Both a and b
Question 26 Explanation: 
Marxist Feminism placed gender inequality and exploitation in the origin of private property from the second stage of human history called Ancient Slave Society.
Question 27
Who authored the book “The Origins of the Family, Private property and State”?
A
Rudolph Bahro
B
Karl Marx
C
Friedrich Engels
D
Murray Bookchin
Question 27 Explanation: 
Friedrich Engels, a close associate of Karl Marx, wrote the book “The Origins of The Family, Private Property and the State”. He argued that subordination of women emerged with the rise of private property as men controlled the property and used it to establish their domination over women.
Question 28
State the Incorrect statements regarding Marxist revolution.
  1. Marxist revolution leads to the destruction of capitalism.
  2. It establishes communism where there will be no private property.
  3. There will be equality among men only.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 28 Explanation: 
Marxist revolution will lead to the destruction of capitalism and the establishment of communism where there will be no private property. There will be equality among not only men but also between men and women.
Question 29
What is Radical Feminism?
A
The subordination of women in society could be rectified with electoral enfranchisement.
B
Women are subjugated deliberately for the purpose of exploitation.
C
The struggle for women liberation simultaneously with the struggle for liberation of the working class.
D
Women are closer to nature as both are food provider’s role in biological reproduction.
Question 29 Explanation: 
Radical Feminism: There are no innate differences between men and women and women came to be subjugated deliberately for the purpose of exploitation is the ideological crux of Radical Feminism.
Question 30
Who quoted “A Woman is not born but made”?
A
Simone de Beauvoir
B
Carole Hanisch
C
Rosemary Ruether
D
Ynestra King
Question 30 Explanation: 
Simone de Beauvoir, the famous radical feminist and author of the work “The Second Sex”, asserted that “A woman is not born but made”. Both woman and man are endowed with same capacities when they are born.
Question 31
How the Gender Inequality is created in the society?
A
Naturally
B
Artificially
C
Influencing thoughts
D
All the above
Question 31 Explanation: 
Male-dominated society and culture known as patriarchy creates through indoctrination the inequality between them. The differences in gender are created artificially and unjustly.
Question 32
Name the famous Radical Feminist.
A
Peter Kropotkin
B
Cheris Kramarae
C
Friedrich Engels
D
Carole Hanisch
Question 32 Explanation: 
Carole Hanisch, a famous Radical Feminist, brought out the most important slogan of Radical Feminism - Personal is Political - to reveal patriarchal domination over women.
Question 33
Choose the correct statements.
  • i)The liberal politics divides the activities of humankind into personal and public domains.
  • ii) The personal domain is considered to be a sphere of personal life where family operates.
  • iii) Women live in the personal sphere where there is no need for political rights, power and authority.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 33 Explanation: 
The liberal politics divides the activities of humankind into personal and public domains. The personal domain is considered to be a sphere of personal life where family operates. It is believed that there is no scope for conflict and domination in this sphere and only love, affection and empathy are relevant. Women live in the personal sphere and therefore there is no need for political rights, power and authority for women.
Question 34
Which of this domain is exclusively dominated by men?
A
Public Domain
B
Private Domain
C
Both a and b
D
None of the above
Question 34 Explanation: 
But the public domain is a sphere of struggle, competition and therefore politics. This domain is dominated exclusively by men. Therefore, men alone participate in politics and possess political power.
Question 35
Which of these are asserted by the Radical Feminism?
A
The State is an unnecessary evil.
B
The private and personal domain is also subject to politics.
C
The principles of self-determination and self-ownership.
D
To promote empowerment of women
Question 35 Explanation: 
Radical Feminism repudiates the above liberal exposition and asserts that private and personal domain is also subject to politics.
Question 36
Which of this Feminism concept proposes gender equality in personal and public domains?
A
Cultural Feminism
B
Radical Feminism
C
Eco Feminism
D
Liberal Feminism
Question 36 Explanation: 
Radical Feminism argues for a revolutionary re-ordering of society and politics to implant gender equality in personal and public domains.
Question 37
 
  • Assertion (A): Eco-Feminism is the fusion of Environmentalism and feminism ideologies.
  • Reasoning(R): It provides the feminist interpretation of nature.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False
D
Both A and R is False
Question 37 Explanation: 
Eco Feminism provides a feminist interpretation of nature. The two ideologies of Feminism and Environmentalism are fused in Eco Feminism.
Question 38
Name the important architects of Eco-Feminism?
A
Francoise D’Eaubonne
B
Rosemary Ruether
C
Ynestra King
D
All the above
Question 38 Explanation: 
The important architects of Eco Feminism are Francoise D’Eaubonne, Rosemary Ruether, Ynestra King and Vandana Shiva.
Question 39
Who quoted that "Future women are going to lead the way to make peace with earth"?
A
Francoise D’Eaubonne
B
Vandana Shiva
C
Ynestra King
D
All the above
Question 39 Explanation: 
We are either going to have a future where women lead the way to make peace with the earth or we are not going to have a human future at all."- Vandana Shiva
Question 40
How many number of schools of thoughts are classified in Eco Feminism?
A
4
B
3
C
2
D
5
Question 40 Explanation: 
There are two schools of thought in Eco Feminism. They are Radical Feminism and Cultural Feminism.
Question 41
What are the objectives of the Radical Feminism?
A
Eliminate patriarchy
B
Environmental preservation
C
Women Empowerment
D
Both b and c
Question 41 Explanation: 
Radical Feminism asserts that patriarchy or male-dominated system subjugates and degrades both environment and women. Male domination of society must be eliminated to realize the twin objectives of environmental preservation and women empowerment.
Question 42
Choose the Incorrect statements regarding Cultural Feminism.
  • i)It argues that women are closer to nature.
  • ii) The environmental degeneration affects both women and men in the same way.
  • iii) The Division of work between the two genders makes women more disadvantaged in the environmental crisis.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 42 Explanation: 
Cultural Feminism argues that women are closer to nature as both are food providers and play indispensable role in biological reproduction. The environmental degeneration affects women more than men. The division of work between the two genders leaves women more disadvantaged in the age of environmental crisis. They suffer more as in male dominant societies they are given the responsibilities directly linked with nature.
Question 43
In which of these countries the Post-colonial feminism emerged as a movement?
A
Cuba
B
Asia
C
America
D
Europe
Question 43 Explanation: 
Post-Colonial Feminism arose as an ideology and movement in the 1980s in the countries of Asia and Africa that were formerly enslaved in colonialism.
Question 44
Who was the author of the work, “The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House”?
A
Audre Lorde
B
Francoise D’Eaubonne
C
Carole Hanisch
D
Simone de Beauvoir
Question 44 Explanation: 
Audre Lorde contributed to the emergence of Post-Colonial Feminism in one masterpiece essay “The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House”
Question 45
Which of these feminist is not involved in Post-colonial Feminism?
A
Ethel Crowley
B
Gyatri Spivak
C
Ynestra King
D
Chandra Talpade Mohanty
Question 45 Explanation: 
Gyatri Spivak, Chandra Talpade Mohanty, Ethel Crowley are important Post-Colonial Feminists.
Question 46
Match
  1. Liberal Feminism                   i) Woman is not born but made
  2. Marxist Feminism                  ii) Political Rights for women
  3. Eco Feminism                         iii) Private property suppresses women
  4. Radical Feminism                   iv) Women and nature are victims of patriarchy
A
ii, iv, iii, i
B
ii, iii, iv, i
C
i, iii, iv, ii
D
iii, i, ii, iv
Question 47
Which of these factors differentiate the homogenous category of Women?
A
Race
B
Religion
C
Country
D
All the above
Question 47 Explanation: 
Women do not constitute a single and homogenous category as they are differentiated by a host of factors like class, race, religion and country.
Question 48
Which of these issues were ignored by the Mainstream Feminism?
A
Crucial measures for protecting women
B
Negative impact of western colonialism on Social and political status of Asian and African women.
C
The environmental degeneration affects and the women status.
D
Feminist interpretation of nature
Question 48 Explanation: 
The Mainstream feminism suffers from several deficiencies when applied to non-western societies. The Post-Colonial Feminism criticizes the negative impact of western colonialism on the social economic and political universe of women in Asia and Africa, a reality that was ignored and never experienced by the mainstream feminist thought.
Question 49
Which of these issues have been faced by the Non-western women during the Colonisation?
A
Racism
B
Slavery
C
Forced migration
D
All the above
Question 49 Explanation: 
The non-western women had experienced racism, slavery, forced migration and numerous other evils that make them different from the Western women.
Question 50
Assertion (A): Post-colonial Feminism encourages the educated, modern and empowered projection of western women. Reasoning(R): It claims that non-western women are the victims of double colonization.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 50 Explanation: 
Post-Colonial Feminism condemns the projection of the western women as educated, politically-conscious, modern and empowered and non-western women as passive, powerless victims. It also argues that women in these societies are victims of double colonization represented by the exploitative forces of colonialism and patriarchy
Question 51
Which of these Amendment acts provide the reservation for women in Panchayat and local bodies in India?
A
31st and 32nd Amendment
B
73rd and 74th Amendment
C
63rd and 64th Amendment
D
71 and 72nd Amendment
Question 51 Explanation: 
The 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts reserve one-third of the seats in panchayat and urban local bodies for women. The implementation of reservation in elected local bodies in the last two decades has led to political empowerment of women
Question 52
State the guidelines issued by the Supreme Court of India to protect women in work places?
A
Vishakha
B
Nirbhaya
C
Ujjawala
D
Sukanya Samriddhi
Question 52 Explanation: 
The Supreme Court of India had provided ‘Vishakha Guidelines’ to protect women from sexual harassment in working places.
Question 53
  • Assertion (A): In 2013 the Union government of India enacted The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act.
  • Reasoning(R): This Act establishes Internal Complaints Committee to provide redressal to women seeking justice from sexual harassment in their workplace.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 53 Explanation: 
The Union government enacted The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013.The Act establishes Internal Complaints Committee and Local Complaints Committee to provide redressal to women seeking justice from sexual harassment in their workplace.
Question 54
In which year the Indian Parliament passed the Domestic violence Act for the protection of Women?
A
2002
B
2005
C
2001
D
2004
Question 54 Explanation: 
The Indian Parliament had earlier passed The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 to provide justice and protection from violence within their homes.
Question 55
When the Communitarianism emerged as a political doctrine?
A
1674
B
1980
C
1756
D
1887
Question 55 Explanation: 
Communitarianism emerged as a political doctrine during the 1980s when Michael Sandel authored the book ‘Liberalism and the Limits of Justice’.
Question 56
Which of this Political thinker was criticized by Michael Sandel in his works?
A
Jacques Derrida
B
Friedrich Nietzsche
C
John Rawls
D
Robert D. Putnam
Question 56 Explanation: 
Michael Sandel criticized the libertarianism and its thinker John Rawls in his work "Liberalism and the Limits of Justice".
Question 57
Which of the personalities supported the concept of communitarianism?
A
Alisdair MacIntyre
B
Michael Walzer
C
Charles Taylor
D
All the above
Question 57 Explanation: 
The other political scientists supporting communitarianism include Alisdair MacIntyre, Michael Walzer, Charles Taylor, Amitai Etzioni and Will Kymlicka.
Question 58
  • Assertion (A): In 1840 the British Socialist Goodwyn Barmy coined the word communitarian.
  • Reasoning(R): The doctrine of communitarianism emerged at the end of the 19th century.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 58 Explanation: 
The British Socialist Goodwyn Barmy coined the word “communitarian” in the 1840s, the doctrine of communitarianism emerged only towards the end of the 20th century.
Question 59
Which is called as a community?
A
A Social unit
B
Group of People in same area.
C
Group of nation
D
All the above
Question 60
Which of these ideologies were opposed by the Communitarianism?
A
Libertarianism
B
Postmodernism
C
Marxism
D
Both a and c
Question 60 Explanation: 
Communitarianism rose as a revolt against the prevailing two ideologies of libertarianism and Marxism. It criticized the thinkers of libertarianism for their over emphasis on individuals. It rejected Marxism for being committed to class-based action and analysis.
Question 61
Which of the ruling policy of western countries was opposed by the Communitarianism?
A
Libertarianism
B
Postmodernism
C
Marxism
D
Both a and c
Question 61 Explanation: 
The opposition of Communitarianism was directed against Libertarianism that had become the ruling philosophy of mankind especially in the western world.
Question 62
  • Assertion (A): Communitarianism argues man as a social and cultural animal.
  • Reasoning(R): The Individual skill, capacity and attitude is influenced by the community.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 62 Explanation: 
Communitarianism argues that man is not born in a vacuum. He is a social and cultural animal. Individuals are born in a community or culture and therefore inherit it. Their beliefs, behavior, skills, capacities, attitudes are predominantly influenced by the community.
Question 63
Choose the correct statements. i)Man is an atomistic entity embedded in the community. ii) The Individual is free from the society but situated in the society.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
Both i and ii
D
Neither i nor ii
Question 63 Explanation: 
Man is not an atomistic entity existing alone but is embedded in the community. The individual is not ‘unencumbered self’ (completely free) from society but ‘situated self’ (rooted and planted) in society.
Question 64
Which of the philosophy connects the Individual and the community?
A
Libertarianism
B
Post-Modernism
C
Identity politics
D
Communitarianism
Question 64 Explanation: 
Communitarianism is a philosophy that emphasizes the connection between the individual and the community.
Question 65
What are the beliefs of the Communitarian philosophy?
A
Social identity of a Person
B
Community relationships
C
Personality of an individual
D
All the above
Question 65 Explanation: 
Among a Communitarian philosophy is based upon the belief that a person's social identity and personality are largely molded by community relationships, with a smaller degree of development being placed on individualism.
Question 66
Which of these rights are balanced in the Communitarian philosophy?
A
Community, State
B
Individual, Community
C
State, Individual
D
Individual, World
Question 66 Explanation: 
The Communitarian philosophy in short is balancing the Rights and Responsibilities of Individual with Rights and Responsibilities of Community.
Question 67
According to Communitarianism which of these below is present in every Community?
A
Cultural traditions
B
Individual Good
C
Responsibilities
D
Common Good
Question 67 Explanation: 
Communitarianism considers the State as a positive instrument that promotes the idea of the common good. The concept of common good is present in every community.
Question 68
  • Assertion (A): The State must promote the activities of the individual good.
  • Reasoning(R): The Cultural traditions of the community should be protected and promoted by the State.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 68 Explanation: 
The State should promote the realization of the common good and act against the activities that promote individual good in contradiction with common good. It should protect and promote those cultural traditions of the community that symbolize and sustain the common good.
Question 69
  • Assertion (A): Communitarianism supports a democratically elected and constituted State.
  • Reasoning(R): The Constitution is responsible and responsive to the community demands.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 69 Explanation: 
Communitarianism supports a State that is democratically elected and constituted. They strongly aspire for a State that is responsible and responsive to demands of the community.
Question 70
Which of the Libertarianism policies are rejected by the Communitarianism?
A
Individual Autonomy
B
Private Property
C
Universal law
D
Particularism of Justice
Question 70 Explanation: 
Communitarianism believes that rights and responsibilities are intimately related. It rejects the excessive reliance of libertarianism on the concept of individual autonomy and rights.
Question 71
State the new concept of Communitarianism?
A
Collectivism
B
Collectivism
C
Universal Truth
D
Positive Rights
Question 71 Explanation: 
Communitarianism focuses on a new concept of rights where common good is given importance. They strongly contend that the common good of the community has supremacy and priority over the rights of the individuals as it is prior to them.
Question 72
State some of the Positive rights of Communitarianism?
A
State Subsidized Education
B
Safe environment
C
Universal Healthcare
D
All the above
Question 73
Who advocate the synthesis between rights and responsibilities?
A
Responsive Communitarianism
B
Postmodernism
C
Libertarianism
D
Radical Feminism
Question 73 Explanation: 
A synthesis between rights and responsibilities is advocated by certain thinkers who belong to Responsive Communitarianism.
Question 74
Which of these ideas of Libertarianism is opposed by the Communitarians?
A
Collectivism
B
Modernism
C
Universalism
D
Authoritarianism
Question 74 Explanation: 
Communitarians attack John Rawls and other libertarian thinkers on the concept of justice. They reject universalism of libertarianism.
Question 75
Choose the correct statements regarding the Communitarianism.
  1. Communitarianism claims the development of situated and embedded man.
  2.  The Common good is preserved and promoted for a positive state.
  3. Communitarians articulate the particularistic view of Justice.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
ii only
D
All the above
Question 75 Explanation: 
Communitarians articulate the particularistic view of justice. Communitarianism as a political doctrine believes in the indispensability of community for the development of the ‘situated and embedded man’. The positive State should concentrate on the provision of positive rights to community and its people so that common good can be preserved and promoted.
Question 76
Which of these Communitarianism policies are criticized by Libertarianism?
A
Collectivism
B
Modernity
C
Authoritarianism
D
Both a and c
Question 76 Explanation: 
Libertarianism still criticizes Communitarianism as preparing the path for the emergence of collectivism and authoritarianism.
Question 77
Which of these concepts are criticized by the Post-modernism ideology?
A
Marxism
B
Capitalism
C
Modernity
D
Communitarianism
Question 77 Explanation: 
Postmodernism refers to a variety of ideas that criticize modernity and emerge as its successor and rival.
Question 78
Which of these personalities are not related to the Post-modernism concepts?
A
Fredrick Nietzsche
B
Jean-Francois Lyotard
C
Francoise D’Eaubonne
D
Michel Foucalt
Question 78 Explanation: 
The major proponents of Postmodernism include Fredrick Nietzsche, Jean-Francois Lyotard, Michel Foucalt and Jacques Derrida.
Question 79
What are the dominant principles of Modernity?
A
Universalism
B
Rationality
C
Reductionism
D
All the above
Question 79 Explanation: 
Modernity has dominated the political theory in the last 200 years. Rationality, universalism, reductionism are among the dominant principles of modernity.
Question 80
Who is called as the Father of Post-Modernism?
A
Fredrick Nietzsche
B
Goodwyn Barmy
C
Arne Naess
D
Murray Book chin
Question 80 Explanation: 
Fredrick Nietzsche is called Father of Post Modernism. He famously said “God is dead”. He argued that man should stop the search for the ultimate truth to explain human life. It is beyond our capacity.
Question 81
Which of these are the beliefs of Modernity?
A
Universalism
B
Reductionism
C
Ultimate truth
D
All the above
Question 81 Explanation: 
Modernity believes in universalism and reductionism. It explains all the phenomena through a single factor or one ultimate truth.
Question 82
Which of these must be eliminated to solve the economy problems of human life according to Karl Marx?
A
Right to private property
B
Capitalism
C
Right to Human Rights
D
State laws
Question 82 Explanation: 
Karl Marx said human life depends on economy and all problems can be solved by eliminating the right to private property.
Question 83
State the view of the German philosopher Fredrick Hegel?
A
State should promote the realization of the common good.
B
World is the embodiment of World spirit.
C
There are no facts, only interpretations.
D
Deconstruction an approach to understand meanings and texts.
Question 83 Explanation: 
Fredrick Hegel, the German philosopher argued that the world is nothing but the embodiment of World Spirit.
Question 84
  • Assertion (A): Post-modernism explains the world and human life as a single factor.
  • Reasoning(R): Culture, Religion and Politics decide the Human life and this world.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 84 Explanation: 
Postmodernism advocates that the world and our life is complex and cannot be explained by a single factor. A host of factors like culture, language, religion, politics, and economy decide human life and this world.
Question 85
Who stated that there are no facts only interpretations?
A
John Rawls
B
Friedrich Nietzsche
C
Karl Marx
D
Michel Foucalt
Question 85 Explanation: 
There are no facts, only interpretations.- Friedrich Nietzsche
Question 86
State the correct statements regarding Post-Modernism.
  1. No absolute truth, only my truth
  2. Only Past and future, not the Present
  3. Underlying meaning and purposes.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
ii only
D
All the above
Question 86 Explanation: 
Postmodernism: No Absolute truth, only my truth No past, no future, Only Now, No underlying meaning or purpose only my meaning and purpose
Question 87
Who advocated the post-modern concept Deconstruction?
A
Ethel Crowley
B
Robert D. Putnam
C
Friedrich Nietzsche
D
Jacque Derrida
Question 87 Explanation: 
Jacque Derrida was a French philosopher who advocated an innovative Post- modern concept called deconstruction. He provides deconstruction as an approach to understand meanings and texts. Multiple interpretations of a text exist and therefore Derrida suggests deconstructing the meanings of the text.
Question 88
What is Deconstruction strategy according to Jacques Derrida?
A
Rules for Decoding and decryption.
B
Rules for reading, interpretation and writing.
C
Ideas criticize modernity.
D
Truth is not singular but plural.
Question 88 Explanation: 
Deconstruction is explained as a strategy "Rules for reading, interpretation and writing." Jacques Derrida
Question 89
Choose the correct statements.
  1. Modernity focuses on the rights of Specific social groups.
  2. Post-modernism focuses on changing the condition of specific social groups.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
Both i and ii
D
Neither i nor ii
Question 89 Explanation: 
Modernity pays attention to universal theory of rights or welfare. Post- modernism focuses on the rights of particular social groups like women, tribal and the like, who are less privileged. Modernity devotes attention to systemic change but Postmodernism focuses on emancipating or changing the condition of specific social groups.
Question 90
  • Assertion (A): Identity politics is interlinked with the Post-modernism concept.
  • Reasoning(R): Identity politics refers to the activities of specific weak social groups or communities.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 90 Explanation: 
Identity politics is interlinked with post - modernism. Identity Politics refers to the activities of specific social groups usually the weak, vulnerable and under-privileged communities who organize themselves under the banner of their own caste, race, and gender to resist domination of other groups over them.
Question 91
Which of this ideology promotes local communities?
A
Anarchism
B
Post-Colonial Feminism
C
Communitarianism
D
Identity politics
Question 91 Explanation: 
Postmodernism and Identity Politics promote the empowerment of local, specific communities.
Question 92
Why the Postmodernism is considered as dead according to Alan Kirby?
A
Digital-modernism
B
Technology driven
C
Technology driven
D
Technology driven
Question 92 Explanation: 
Alan Kirby, a British cultural critic, said Postmodernism is dead as its cultural period is over and the world has entered digi-modernism or the Era of Digital Modernism.
Question 93
State the ecological crisis in our planet earth.
A
Acid rain
B
Climate change
C
Ozone depletion
D
All the above
Question 93 Explanation: 
The advent of modern science and technology driven development had devastated the planet’s environment precipitating several ecological crises like ozone depletion, climate change and acid rain.
Question 94
State the view of Mahatma Gandhi on Nature and Human Being.
A
We have only one habitable planet in the entire universe and there is no alternative home.
B
Humanization of Nature and Naturalization of Human Being.
C
Humans are part of the environment and not conquerors of it.
D
Human beings are ‘ecological selves’
Question 94 Explanation: 
Humanization of Nature and Naturalization of Human Being-Mahatma Gandhi
Question 95
  • Assertion (A): Shallow ecology considers environment as the fulcrum of life of the world.
  • Reasoning(R): It accords the position of centrality and supremacy to nature in ecology.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 95 Explanation: 
Shallow Ecology refers to an ideology that approaches ecology through an anthropocentric and utilitarian outlook. It considers the human beings as fulcrum of life in this world. It accords the position of centrality and supremacy to man in ecology. It adopts an instrumental value of nature meaning that the ecology is important only as it useful to human welfare.
Question 96
What is the nationality of the philosopher Anthony Weston?
A
Africa
B
Germany
C
America
D
England
Question 96 Explanation: 
American philosopher Anthony Weston is the greatest supporter of shallow ecology.
Question 97
What are the solutions for the environmental problem suggested by the Shallow ecology?
A
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
B
Regenerate, Reuse, Resume
C
Record, Resume, Reduce
D
Repeat, Request, Reproduce
Question 97 Explanation: 
Shallow Ecology looks for technological solutions for any environmental problem. If pollution imperils environment then alternative energy sources that are renewable and environment friendly should be developed. It believes in the strategy of three R,s - reduce, reuse and recycle.
Question 98
Who termed the term Deep Ecology?
A
Aldo Leopold
B
Rudolph Bahro
C
Marlee Martlin
D
Arne Naess
Question 98 Explanation: 
Norwegian ecological philosopher Arne Naess coined the term Deep Ecology in 1973. He was influenced by Rachel Carson and Mahatma Gandhi.
Question 99
Which of these are interlinked in Earth according to the Deep ecology theory?
A
Non-human biological forms, inanimate objects and forces
B
Human beings, Animals and Nature
C
Human Beings, Living things and Non-living forms
D
State, religion and private property
Question 99 Explanation: 
Deep ecology theory argues that the planet Earth is constituted by three interlinked parts of the human beings, non-human biological forms and the inanimate objects and forces.
Question 100
Who stated that Human are not conquerors of Environment?
A
Murray Bookchin
B
Carolyn Merchant
C
Aldo Leopold
D
Sundarlal Bahuguna
Question 100 Explanation: 
Humans are part of the environment and not conquerors of it."- Aldo Leopold
Question 101
Choose the Incorrect statements of Deep Ecology.
  1. All creatures on Earth have intrinsic value.
  2. Technological progress will solve all problems.
  3. Quality of life is more important than standard of living.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
ii only
D
All the above
Question 102
The Shallow Ecology,
  • i)All creatures on Earth have value only for their usefulness to humans.
  • ii) The health of non-humans depends on decreasing the number of humans.
  • iii) Humans should always use all resources for their material and economic advantage.
  • iv) Leave environmental problems for the experts to solve.
A
i, ii, iii only
B
ii, iv only
C
i, iii, iv only
D
ii, iii only
Question 103
State the view of Marlee Martlin on Earth?
A
Humanization of Nature and Naturalization of Human Being.
B
Humans are part of the environment and not conquerors of it.
C
The Earth does not belong to us, we belong to the Earth.
D
Enough for everyone’s need but not for anyone's greed.
Question 103 Explanation: 
The Earth does not belong to us: we belong to the Earth.- Marlee Martlin
Question 104
How many types of ecology are classified by Andrew Heywood?
A
3
B
4
C
5
D
7
Question 104 Explanation: 
The words environment and ecology are synonymous. Andrew Heywood, the noted political scientist classifies ecology in political theory into three kinds Social Ecology, Modernist Ecology and Deep Ecology.
Question 105
Which of these Ecologies are classified in Political theory?
A
Social Ecology
B
Modernist Ecology
C
Deep Ecology
D
All the above
Question 106
Who coined the term Social Ecology?
A
Murray Bookchin
B
Marlee Martlin
C
Andrew Heywood
D
Rudolph Bahro
Question 106 Explanation: 
The term ‘Social Ecology’ was coined by American philosopher Murray Bookchin. It advocates radical changes in the existing social and political structures to make them ecologically correct.
Question 107
Which of these is not the trend of Social Ecology?
A
Eco-Anarchism
B
Eco-Socialism
C
Eco-Feminism
D
Eco-Capitalism
Question 107 Explanation: 
There are three distinct trends in Social Ecology, Eco-socialism, Eco-anarchism and Eco-feminism.
Question 108
Which of this concept was discussed in the work of Rudolph Bahro?
A
Eco-Anarchism
B
Eco-Socialism
C
Eco-Feminism
D
Eco-Capitalism
Question 108 Explanation: 
Rudolph Bahro in his book ‘From Red to Green’ supported eco-socialism.
Question 109
What is considered as the enemy of ecology in the Eco-Socialism?
A
Imperialism
B
Industrialization
C
Capitalism
D
Anarchism
Question 109 Explanation: 
Eco-Socialism considers capitalism as the enemy of ecology. By breeding materialism and consumerism capitalism has inflicted horrific destruction on the environment.
Question 110
Which of these are considered as a threat to the ecology of planet?
A
Industry Revolution
B
Right to private property
C
Communism
D
Universalism
Question 110 Explanation: 
The unlimited right to private property, the cardinal principle of capitalism endangers the precious health and wealth of the planet’s ecology.
Question 111
  • Assertion (A): Eco-Socialism combines socialism and ecologism to nurture the environment.
  • Reasoning(R): The State must have the socialist content to protect the environment.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 111 Explanation: 
Eco- socialism propounds a new approach in politics that combines socialism and ecologism. Socialism alone can nurture environment. The state must be imparted with a socialist content and direction to end the evil of capitalism and to protect environment.
Question 112
Which of these is considered as the enemy of ecology by Eco-anarchism?
A
Right to property
B
Authority
C
Universalism
D
Communalism
Question 112 Explanation: 
Murray Bookchin advocated eco-anarchism. It considers authority as the enemy of ecology.
Question 113
Match
  1. Marxist Feminism            i) The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House
  2. Post-Colonial Feminism ii) The Origins of The Family Private Property and the State
  3. Eco-feminism                    iii) Liberalism and the Limits of Justice
  4. Communitarianism          iv) The Death of Nature
A
i, ii, iv, iii
B
iii, iv, ii, i
C
ii, i, iv, iii
D
ii, iv, i, iii
Question 113 Explanation: 
Carolyn Merchant in the book ‘The Death of Nature’ propounded eco-feminism. Friedrich Engels, a close associate of Karl Marx, wrote the book “The Origins of The Family, Private Property and the State” related to Marxist Feminism. Audre Lorde contributed to the emergence of Post-Colonial Feminism in one masterpiece essay “The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House. Communitarianism emerged as a political doctrine during the 1980s when Michael Sandel authored the book ‘Liberalism and the Limits of Justice”.
Question 114
Which of these forces created domination and subjugation in the Society?
A
State
B
Religion
C
Private property
D
All the above
Question 114 Explanation: 
In the ideal society, man establishes various associations based on voluntary cooperation to achieve development. But artificial forces of State, religion, private property have subverted the system and created structures of domination and subjugation
Question 115
Which of this Game were analyzed in the communitarianism work of Robert D. Putnam?
A
Bowling
B
Baseball
C
Golf
D
Snooker
Question 115 Explanation: 
Robert D. Putnam played a crucial role in the emergence of communitarianism. He analyzed the game of Bowling in America.
Question 116
Choose the correct statements regarding the concepts of Eco-Feminism.
  • i)Eco-Feminism claims that patriarchy created the domination of man over women and Nature too.
  • ii) Patriarchy exploits both women and ecology in terms of their usage values.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
Both i and ii
D
Neither i nor ii
Question 116 Explanation: 
Eco-feminism argues that patriarchy created the domination of man over not only women but over nature also. Patriarchy follows instrumental reason whereby both women and ecology are seen merely in terms of use value as objects to be exploited and not as subjects endowed with life and intrinsic worth.
Question 117
What are the demands of the Eco-feminism to create the new world of Justice?
A
Gender and ecology sensitive politics
B
Equal rights to women
C
Increasing Women activists
D
State laws to protect the nature
Question 117 Explanation: 
Eco- feminism demands gender and ecology sensitive politics so that a new world of justice and sustainability can be established.
Question 118
Which of this concept is identical to the Modernist ecology?
A
Deep Ecology
B
Eco-Feminism
C
Shallow Ecology
D
Radical Feminism
Question 118 Explanation: 
Modernist ecology is synonymous with shallow ecology. It attempts to promote a new harmony between liberalism and ecology.
Question 119
  • Assertion (A): Man is considered as the center of the planet according to the Modernist ecology.
  • Reasoning(R): Human beings must involve in the long term developmental activities of humanity and ecology.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 119 Explanation: 
Modernist ecology advocates a new ‘enlightened anthropocentricism’ where man, being the center of the planet must consider the long-term interests of humanity and ecology in his developmental activities and should not be driven solely by short-term interests.
Question 120
  • Assertion (A): Man is considered as the center of the planet according to the Modernist ecology.
  • Reasoning(R): Human beings must involve in the long term developmental activities of humanity and ecology.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 120 Explanation: 
Modernist ecology advocates a new ‘enlightened anthropocentricism’ where man, being the center of the planet must consider the long-term interests of humanity and ecology in his developmental activities and should not be driven solely by short-term interests.
Question 121
  • Assertion (A): Modernist ecology believes in the concept of Inter-generational justice.
  • Reasoning(R):  It is the moral responsibility of Human to protect and preserve earth for the future.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 121 Explanation: 
Modernist ecology believes in the concept of "inter-generational justice" and argues that we did not inherit the earth from our previous generations but borrowed it from the future generations of humanity and therefore, there is a moral responsibility to protect and preserve the earth for their life in the future.
Question 122
State the basic characteristic of the Modernist ecology.
A
Getting rich faster
B
Sustainable development
C
Inter-Justice
D
Moral responsibility
Question 122 Explanation: 
The concept of ‘sustainable development’ is a basic characteristic of modernist ecology. It argues that ‘getting richer faster’ should not be the goal of human world rather ‘getting richer slower’ should be its guiding approach.
Question 123
What type of ideology is the Modernist ecology?
A
Homogenous
B
Universalism
C
Heterogeneous
D
Mixed
Question 123 Explanation: 
The modernist ecology is not a homogenous ideology. On the contrary, it is heterogeneous. There are different perspectives and prescriptions.
Question 124
Which of these establishments tilted state intervention in markets?
A
Green
B
Green State
C
Green Capitalism
D
All the above
Question 124 Explanation: 
Certain followers have called for the establishment of a totalitarian ‘Green State’ to protect ecology. Another group of supporters demanded ‘Green Capitalism’. The majority of advocates and supporters of modernist ecology suggested the green tilted State intervention in market to protect ecology and satisfy human interests.
Question 125
Choose the correct statements.
  • i)Deep ecology advocates the classical old style of politics and policies towards nature.
  • ii) Deep Ecology claims for a fundamental shift in the Politics and nature relationship.
  • iii) Politics must respect and protect all the biological forms found in ecology.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 125 Explanation: 
Deep Ecology advocates a new style of politics, policy and political attitude towards nature. It argues for a fundamental shift in the relationship between politics and nature. Politics must understand, respect and protect the element of inter connectedness found in ecology linking the human beings, other biological forms and the inanimate world.
Question 126
Choose the Incorrect statements regarding the Bisnoi movement in India.
  • i)In 18th century Bisnoi was a successful violent struggle in the Indian ecological movement.
  • ii) Bisnoi is a religious sector in the deserts of Rajasthan.
  • iii) Guru Jambeshwar founded the Bisnoi sector.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 126 Explanation: 
Bisnoi non-violent struggle was a successful ecological movement in the 18th century in Rajasthan. Bisnoi is a religious sect in the Thar Desert of Rajasthan founded by Guru Jambeshwar in medieval period.
Question 127
Assertion (A): Bisnoi sector protected and promoted the ecology as a socio religious belief. Reasoning(R): Bisnoi in Hindi means 29 which represent the 29 principles of the founder.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 127 Explanation: 
Bisnoi in Hindi means 29 and the sect came to be named after the 29 cardinal principles the founder expounded. The sect promoted a socio-religious belief system in perfect harmony with ecology creating a lush green local ecosystem in the desert.
Question 128
Who protested in the frontline in the Bisnoi movement?
A
The Maharaja of Jodhpur
B
Guru Jambeshwar
C
Amrita Devi
D
People of Khejarli village
Question 128 Explanation: 
The maharaja of Jodhpur desired to construct a palace in the 18th century and sent the army to the Khejarli village to cut the acacia trees in the locally nurtured forest. The ecologically- conscious local population protested against the cutting of trees. An elderly woman named Amrita Devi was in the frontline of the protest and when the army refused to desist from cutting the trees she hugged the trees asking the army to cut her head instead of cutting the trees.
Question 129
Which was the first greatest ecological movement in Modern India?
A
Chipko movement
B
Bisnoi movement
C
Save silent valley movement
D
Appiko movementc
Question 129 Explanation: 
The maharaja after knowing about the terrible events in the village recalled the army and offered his apologies for the massacre. He also officially designated the area as a protected forest. Bisnoi Khejarli movement is perhaps, the first greatest ecological movement of modern India.
Question 130
When the Chipko movement was organized in India?
A
1970
B
1977
C
1973
D
1979
Question 130 Explanation: 
Chipko movement was a non-violent popular, ecological movement organized by villagers in the mountain state of Uttarakhand in 1973.
Question 131
Identify the Incorrect Match
  1. Chipko          i) To Hug
  2. Appiko         ii) To Embrace
  3. Bisnoi          iii) Silent valley
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
None of the above
Question 131 Explanation: 
‘Chipko’ in Hindi means to hug. ‘Appiko’ in Kannada means to embrace. Bisnoi in Hindi means 29 which represent the 29 principles of the founder.
Question 132
In which state the Chipko movement was started?
A
Uttarakhand
B
Rajasthan
C
Karnataka
D
Bihar
Question 132 Explanation: 
The agitators of Chipko movement embraced the trees to protect them from being cut thereby earning the name Chipko movement. The contractors of sports Goods Company began to cut the trees in the Alknanda valley of the Uttarakhand state (part of Utter Pradesh at that time) after getting government clearance. The enraged local population, especially women protested in a non- violent manner by embracing the trees and prevented the contractors.
Question 133
Who was the founder of Dasholi Gram Swarajya Mandal?
A
Sundarlal Bahuguna
B
Bachni Devi
C
Chandi Prasad Bhatt
D
Dhoom Singh Negi
Question 133 Explanation: 
The organizational leadership for the Chipko movement was provided by an NGO called Dasholi Gram Swarajya Mandal (DGSM) that was formed a few years back by a noted social activist Chandi Prasad Bhatt.
Question 134
Name the leaders who actively participated in the Chipko movement?
A
Sundarlal Bahuguna
B
Bachni Devi
C
Dhoom Singh Negi
D
All the above
Question 134 Explanation: 
The famous environmentalist Sundarlal Bahuguna joined the agitation and appealed to the union government to ban logging in the Himalayan forests. The large-scale participation of women was a significant and laudable feature of the Chipko movement. Many women leaders like Dhoom Singh Negi, Bachni Devi played a prominent role fighting for forest rights of the people.
Question 135
Which of these ideologies were not portrayed in the Chipko movement?
A
Liberalization
B
Feminism
C
Environmentalism
D
Gandhism
Question 135 Explanation: 
The Chipko movement symbolizes the successful fusion of three major ideologies of feminism, environmentalism and Gandhism.
Question 136
  • Assertion (A): The Ecological protest in the Western Ghats of Karnataka district was termed as the Appiko movement.
  • Reasoning(R): The Appiko movement was inspired by the Chipko movement.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 136 Explanation: 
The Appiko movement is an ecological protest movement in Uttar Kannada district of Karnataka in the Western Ghats. It was inspired by the Chipko Movement.
Question 137
What was the percentage of forest cover in the Uttar Kannada district in 1980?
A
Rational utilization of forests
B
Conserving tropical forests.
C
Afforestation
D
All the above
Question 137 Explanation: 
The ecologically-conscious people launched the Appiko movement with three-fold objectives of conservation of remaining tropical forests, afforestation of the denuded forests and dissemination of ideas on rational utilization of forests.
Question 138
In which of these districts of Kerala the silent valley is situated?
A
Idukki
B
Palakkad
C
Azhapula
D
Kannur
Question 138 Explanation: 
The silent valley is an ecologically rich terrain in the Western Ghats in the Palakkad district of Kerala consisting of the tropical moist evergreen forests largely undisturbed by human activities.
Question 139
  • Assertion (A): The Silent valley was named after the Sairandhiri, the wife of Pandavas in the Indian epic.
  • Reasoning(R): The Englishmen named as silent valley as it didn’t had the noise making insects Cicadas.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 139 Explanation: 
The valley is named after Sairandhiri (Draupati), the wife of Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata. Another explanation of the nomenclature says that when the Englishmen visited there during the colonial period the valley was observed to be strangely silent because of the supposed absence of the noise-making insect Cicadas.
Question 140
State the Binomial name of the silent valley.
A
Rucervus duvaucelii
B
Panthera leo persica
C
Bubalus bubalis arnee
D
Macaca Silenus
Question 140 Explanation: 
The valley is rich in biodiversity. The lion-tailed macaque is abundantly found in the valley. There is even an argument that the valley itself is named after the binomial name of lion-tailed macaque, Macaca Silenus
Question 141
Above which of the river the Silent valley Hydro Electricity project was planned?
A
Kallada
B
Kunthipuzha
C
Chaliyar
D
Bharatapuzha
Question 141 Explanation: 
The Kerala State Electricity Board began to implement Silent Valley Hydro Electricity Project across the river Kunthipuzha in the valley in the 1970s.
Question 142
  • Assertion (A): The Kerala Government dropped the Silent valley Hydro Electricity project in the year 1980.
  • Reasoning(R): Kerala Sasthra Sahitya Parishad and other organizations protested intensely against the silent valley project.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 142 Explanation: 
The Kerala Sasthra Sahitya Parishad, other civil society organizations and ecologically-conscious people conducted an intense protest against the Silent Valley Hydro Electricity Project. They criticized the negative impact of the project on the environment especially the bio diversity of the valley. The Kerala government, in the face of stiff opposition from diverse sections of society dropped the project in 1980.
Question 143
When the Silent valley was declared as a national park?
A
1983
B
1980
C
1986
D
1985
Question 143 Explanation: 
The valley was declared a national park in 1985 and later on it came to be designated as the core area of the Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve. The Save Silent Valley movement is one of the most successful ecological movements of India in late 20th century.
Question 144
Identify the Incorrect match
  1. Carole Hanisch             i) Personal is Political
  2. Simone de Beauvoir    ii) A Woman is not born but made
  3. Fredrick Nietzsche       iii) No Absolute truth, only my truth
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
None of the above
Question 144 Explanation: 
Personal is Political - Carole Hanisch; A Woman is not born but made"- Simone de Beauvoir; Nietzsche is called Father of Post Modernism. He famously said “God is dead”.
Question 145
Match the Books with its respective Authors.
  1. Fredrick Rudolph Bahro       i) The Death of Nature
  2. Simone de Beauvoir               ii) From Red to Green
  3. Carolyn Merchant                  iii) The Second Sex
A
ii, iii, i
B
iii, i, ii
C
i, iii, ii
D
ii, i, iii
Question 145 Explanation: 
Simone de Beauvoir, the famous radical feminist and author of the work “The Second Sex. Fredrick Rudolph Bahro in his book ‘From Red to Green’ supported eco-socialism. Carolyn Merchant in the book ‘The Death of Nature’ propounded eco-feminism.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 145 questions to complete.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *