TnpscTnpsc Current Affairs

Tnpsc Current Affairs in English – 22nd April 2024

1. According to the 2024 report from the New Lancet Commission, what is the projected number of annual deaths from breast cancer by 2040?

A. 1 million

B. 2 million

C. 3 million

D. 4 million

  • According to a 2024 report from the New Lancet Commission, breast cancer is projected to cause one million deaths a year by 2040, an increase of more than 50% from 2020. The report states that, from 2015 to 2020, 7.8 million women were diagnosed with breast cancer, and 685,000 of those women died from the disease that same year.

2. Recently, which ministry organized the conference titled ‘India’s Progressive Path in the Administration of Criminal Justice System’?

A. Ministry of Defence

B. Ministry of External Affairs

C. Ministry of Corporate Affairs

D. Ministry of Law and Justice

  • Three laws, Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, and Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, replace archaic colonial laws, effective from July 1, 2024. Ministry of Law and Justice hosts ‘India’s Progressive Path in the Administration of Criminal Justice System’ conference on April 20, 2024, in New Delhi, with Chief Justice D.Y. Chandrachud as Chief Guest. The event aims to elucidate the new laws and foster dialogue among stakeholders, including judges, lawyers, law enforcement, and students.

3. Recently, which country has tested the Pyoljji-1-2 anti-aircraft missile?

A. Ukraine

B. Iran

C. North Korea

D. Egypt

  • On April 20, 2024, North Korea announced testing of Pyoljji-1-2 anti-aircraft and Hwasal-1 Ra-3 super large strategic cruise missiles in the West Sea of Korea. Conducted a day earlier, this test escalated tensions with South Korea and the USA. The Hwasal-1 Ra-3, capable of carrying nuclear warheads, underwent a power test.

4. Recently, who has been appointed as the Director General of the National Security Guard (NSG)?

A. Nayi Pankaj Kumar

B. Suresh Chand Yadav

C. Gajender Singh

D. Nalin Prabhat

  • Nalin Prabhat, a senior IPS officer, has been named Director General of India’s National Security Guard (NSG), responsible for counter-terrorism and counter-hijack operations. Serving as Additional Director General of the CRPF in Jammu and Kashmir, he belongs to the 1992 IPS batch of Andhra Pradesh cadre. Appointed by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet until August 31, 2028, he succeeds Daljit Singh Chaudhary, who held additional charge of the NSG.

5. Which ministry recently released the National Curriculum for Early Childhood Care and Education 2024 titled ‘Aadharshila’?

A. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting

B. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

C. Ministry of Home Affairs

D. Ministry of Women and Child Development

  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development launched the National Curriculum for Early Childhood Care and Education 2024, named ‘Aadharshila’, aligned with the National Education Policy 2020. This 48-week curriculum caters to children aged three to six in anganwadis. Developed by a committee including various ministries, NCERT, and civil society organizations, it emphasizes foundational learning.

6. Euvichol-S vaccine is mainly used in the treatment of which disease?

A. Diarrhoea

B. Cholera

C. Malaria

D. Dengue

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) prequalified the Euvichol-S vaccine, a simplified and cost-effective version of the oral cholera vaccine (OCV) Euvichol-Plus. It contains fewer ingredients, is cheaper, and can be produced more rapidly. Cholera, caused by Vibrio cholerae bacteria, is transmitted through contaminated food or water. Most cases occur in the Middle East and Africa, with India reporting 132 cases in 2023 (until July).

7. The Shompen Tribe primarily resides in which region?

A. Diu Island

B. Netrani Island

C. Lakshadweep Island

D. Great Nicobar Island

  • Shompen, a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group, cast their first Lok Sabha Election vote. Residing in the dense tropical rainforests of Great Nicobar Island, they belong to the Mongoloid group. With an estimated population of 229 according to the 2011 Census, they are hunters and gatherers, living a semi-nomadic life.

8. Which day is celebrated as ‘National Civil Service Day’ every year?

A. April.20

B. April.21

C. April.22

D. April.23

  • National Civil Services Day is celebrated on April 21 annually in India to honor civil servants, the nation’s administrative backbone. It commemorates Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s 1947 address to probationary officers, calling them ‘the steel frame of India.’ The day involves recognizing and motivating civil servants, evaluating departmental performance, and presenting awards for excellence in public administration, reaffirming their commitment to serving citizens.

9. Which Indian state topped in electronic exports in FY 2023-24?

A. Tamil Nadu

B. Karnataka

C. Maharashtra

D. Kerala

  • Tamil Nadu is the top state for electronic exports in India for the financial year 2023-24, with a record-breaking $9.56 billion in exports. This accounts for 30% of all electronic goods exports from India in the year 2024. Tamil Nadu exports a variety of electronic goods, including hardware, leather goods, textiles, and automobiles.

10. Global Financial Stability Report, recently released by which organization?

A. International Monetary Fund

B. World Bank

C. World Trade Organization

D. World Health Organization

  • The International Monetary Fund released its latest Global Financial Stability Report, a biannual assessment evaluating the stability of global financial markets and emerging-market financing. Published in April and October, the report scrutinizes current financial conditions, highlighting potential risks such as imbalances in the financial and structural realms. It aims to address threats to global financial stability and assess access to financing for emerging-market nations.

11. According to recent report, what percentage of cultivable land in India is reported to have acidic soil?

A. 30%

B. 40%

C. 20%

D. 10%

  • A recent report reveals that over 30% of cultivable land in India suffers from acidic soil, hampering plant growth. Acidification, a process where soil pH declines over time, is exacerbated by agricultural activities, affecting both surface and subsoil. Acidic soils are prevalent in humid southwestern, northeastern, and Himalayan regions. Contributing factors include excessive ammonium-based nitrogen fertilizers, leaching of nitrate nitrogen, and removal of alkaline plant materials during harvesting.

12. Panhala Fort is located in which state?

A. Maharashtra

B. Karnataka

C. Goa

D. Madhya Pradesh

  • The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Mumbai Circle celebrated World Heritage Day at Panhala Fort in Maharashtra. Traditionally linked with sage Parashar, it strategically lies along trade routes. Built by Shilahara ruler Bhoja in the 11th century, it passed through various dynasties including Yadavas, Bahamani, Adilshahi, Marathas, and Mughals.

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