State Online Test 11th Political Science Lesson 2 Questions in English

State Online Test 11th Political Science Lesson 2 Questions in English

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Question 1
Which of this study is referred to the Political Science?
A
State
B
People
C
Economic
D
Cultural
Question 1 Explanation: 
Political Science is the systematic study of State. We all live in State. The world is viewed as an embodiment of many States.
Question 2
Which of these the idea of State is not derived from a region?
A
Political
B
Religious
C
Economic
D
Constitution
Question 2 Explanation: 
State as an idea or a concept is derived from a historical process of political, cultural, religious and economic contexts of a region.
Question 3
Choose the correct statements about State.
  1. State ensures the people lives and property.
  2. The States law and freedom does not subject to any conditions.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
Neither i nor ii
D
Both i and ii
Question 3 Explanation: 
The law and freedom of State are subjected to certain conditions laid by the State itself. State also ensures that our lives and property are protected.
Question 4
The State is classified under which type of social institution?
A
Natural
B
Derived
C
Political
D
Constitutional
Question 4 Explanation: 
The State is the most universal and most powerful of all social institutions. The State is a natural institution.
Question 5
Who referred Human as a Social Animal?
A
Thomas Hobbes
B
Woodrow Wilson
C
Aristotle
D
Niccolo Machiavelli
Question 5 Explanation: 
Aristotle said ‘Man (Human) is a social animal and by nature s/he is a political being. To him, to live in the State and to be a man were identical.
Question 6
Who was the first person to introduce the term State?
A
Niccolo Machiavelli
B
Locke
C
Holland
D
Burgess
Question 6 Explanation: 
The modern term ‘state’ is derived from the word ‘status’. It was Niccolo Machiavelli (1469 – 1527) who first used the term ‘State’ in his writings.
Question 7
  • Assertion (A): The State translates the desires and aspirations of Human beings.
  • Reasoning(R): State is necessary for the basic needs Human beings life.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 7 Explanation: 
The state is necessary because it comes into existence out of the basic needs of life. It continues to remain for the sake of good life. The aims, desires, and aspirations of human beings are translated into action through the State.
Question 8
Choose the correct statements regarding the thinkers of the Social Contract Theory.
  1. Niccolo Machiavelli was not involved in the Social Contract Theory.
  2. The Thinkers of the Social contract theory disagree that Humans need to be controlled by the State.
  3. The Thinkers agree on the point of control of State on Humans.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 8 Explanation: 
The three main thinkers associated with social contract theory are Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and Jean Jack Rousseau. The three thinkers collectively agree that humans need to be controlled by the State. At the same time, they disagree on to what extent the control can be exercised by the State on humans.
Question 9
Match the thinkers and their opinion on state of nature.
  1. Hobbes                      i) No security or morality
  2. Locke                         ii) A state of war
  3. Rousseau                  iii) Property is not secure
A
iii, i, ii
B
ii, iii, i
C
i, iii, ii
D
ii, i, iii
Question 10
State the definition of Woodrow Wilson of State.
A
A Numerous assemblage of human beings occupying a certain territory.
B
State is people organized for law within a definite territory.
C
Union of families and villages for its self-sufficing life.
D
An Organized unit of mankind in a particular portion.
Question 10 Explanation: 
To Woodrow Wilson, “State is people organized for law within a definite territory.
Question 11
Choose the Incorrect statements.
  1. Aristotle defined the State as a union of families alone.
  2. Burgess definition for state says that a particular portion of mankind as an organized unit.
  3. State is a numerous assembly of human beings occupying a certain territory as per Holland's view.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 11 Explanation: 
Aristotle defined the State as a “union of families and villages having for its end a perfect and self – sufficing life by which it meant a happy and honorable life”. To Holland, the State is “a numerous assemblage of human beings generally occupying a certain territory amongst whom the will of the majority or class is made to prevail against any of their number who oppose it.” Burgess defines the State as “a particular portion of mankind viewed as an organized unit.”
Question 12
By which of these the people of state are united together as per the view of Sidgwick?
A
Politically organized people
B
Majority people
C
A Central Authority
D
All the above
Question 12 Explanation: 
According to Sidgwick “State is a combination or association of persons in the form of government and governed and united together into a politically organized people of a definite territory.”
Question 13
What are the divisions of the State according to Prof.Laski?
A
Government, Subjects
B
Society, People
C
Society, People
D
Society, People
Question 13 Explanation: 
Prof. Laski defines “State as a territorial society divided into government and subjects whose relationships are determined by the exercise of supreme coercive power.”
Question 14
Which is considered as the limiting agent on the authority of the State?
A
Population
B
People
C
Constitution
D
Judiciary
Question 14 Explanation: 
All modern States have their own Constitution that moderates the freedom and privileges of the citizens of the State with the coercive and unquestionable power of the State. Hence Constitution is considered as a limiting agent on the overwhelming authority of the State.
Question 15
What is the definition of state according to the Montevideo convention, 1933?
A
Permanent Population
B
Defined Territory
C
Government
D
All the above
Question 15 Explanation: 
The Montevideo Convention on Rights and Duties of States held in 1933 gave the fundamental understanding of State. A State must have a permanent population, a defined territory and a government that can control the territory and its people and conducts international relations with other States.
Question 16
Which of this American presided the Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties?
A
John Kennedy
B
Franklin Roosevelt
C
Harry S.Turman
D
Richard Nixon
Question 16 Explanation: 
The Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States is a treaty signed at Montevideo, Uruguay, on December 26, 1933, during the Seventh International Conference of American States. The Convention codifies the declarative theory of statehood as accepted as part of customary international law. At the conference, United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Secretary of State Cordell Hull declared the Good Neighbor Policy, which opposed U.S. armed intervention in inter-American affairs.
Question 17
Which of these is the cause for the Statelessness?
A
Transfer of territory
B
Conflict of Laws
C
Denationalization
D
All the above
Question 17 Explanation: 
Statelessness may result from a variety of causes, including conflict of laws, the transfer of territory, marriage laws, administrative practices, discrimination, lack of birth registration, denationalization (when a State rescinds an individual's nationality), and renunciation.
Question 18
Which of this British Viceroy initiated the Census in British India?
A
Lord Mayo
B
Lord Lawrence
C
Lord Northbrook
D
Lord Lytton
Question 18 Explanation: 
The decennial Census of India has been conducted 15 times, as of 2011. While it has been undertaken every 10 years, beginning in 1872 under British Viceroy Lord Mayo, the first complete census was taken in 1881.
Question 19
What was the sex ratio in India according to the 2001 census?
A
935
B
933
C
940
D
936
Question 20
Which of these countries population combined to result in India's population by the 2011 census?
A
USA
B
Indonesia
C
Brazil
D
All the above
Question 20 Explanation: 
The past-independence census in the country has been conducted once in ten years under the constitutional provisions by notification under the census Act 1948. It is the most credible source of information about demography, literacy, standards of living, urbanization, languages spoken, fertility, mortality and various other economic and sociocultural aspects of the country, which underscores its importance for any government
Question 21
Which of these were focused in the 2011 Indian Census?
A
Cattle Census
B
Housing Census
C
Poverty Census
D
Literacy Census
Question 21 Explanation: 
In the last census, operations conducted in our country in 2011, the enumerators and supervisors has focused on the house listing and housing Census. The type of information gathered on the household, its head, amenities and assets. It also includes the total number of residents, use of the census house and material used for floor, wall and roof.
Question 22
Which of this decade has the lowest population growth rate in India?
A
1911-21
B
1961-71
C
1931-41
D
1951-61
Question 23
Choose the correct statements.
  1. The Population of the people is essential for a State.
  2. Aristotle stated that the number of state should be too small to be self-sufficient.
  3. According to Rousseau 25,000 was an ideal number for a state.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 23 Explanation: 
It is the people who make the State. The population is essential for the State. According to Aristotle, the number should be neither too large nor too small. It should be large enough to be self –sufficient and small enough to be well governed. Rousseau determined 10,000 to be an ideal number for a State.
Question 24
Which of these cities were considered for the number view by the ancient thinkers?
A
Rome
B
Athens
C
Paris
D
Greece
Question 24 Explanation: 
Ancient thinkers view on the number was based on the small city – States like Athens and Sparta. The modern States vary in population.
Question 25
What is the significance of the Plato's ideal number of State?
A
Population can be divided in various columns
B
The number is divisible from 1 to 12.
C
Instructions can be easily given during Emergency situations.
D
All the above
Question 25 Explanation: 
According to Plato, the ideal number of State is 5040. The reason is the number 5040 is divisible by numbers from 1 to 12. In the case of 11 the reminder is 2. During the time of emergency the population can be divided in various columns and instructions could be given.
Question 26
Which is essential for the people to organize them socially and politically?
A
Freedom
B
Territory
C
Judiciary
D
Government
Question 26 Explanation: 
People need territory to live and to organize them socially and politically. It may be remembered that the territory of the State includes land, water, and air space.
Question 27
Which of these are referred as the fundamental principle of the Modern State life according to Prof Elliott?
A
Territorial Sovereignty
B
Superiority of State
C
Freedom from external control
D
All the above
Question 27 Explanation: 
Prof. Elliott, “Territorial sovereignty or the superiority of State, overall within its boundaries and complete freedom from external control has been a fundamental principle of the modern State life”.
Question 28
How much percentage does India occupies in terms of global area?
A
1.8%
B
3.7%
C
2.4%
D
4.5%
Question 28 Explanation: 
India has an area of 32, 87,263 sq. km. approximately India occupies 2.4% of the global area.
Question 29
Who defined the Government as the agency of the State?
A
Ernest Barker
B
Prof. Elliott
C
Prof.A. Appadurai
D
Harold Laski
Question 29 Explanation: 
Government is the working agency of the State. It is the political organization of the State. Indian political scientist Prof.A. Appadurai defined government as the agency through which the will of the State is formulated, expressed and realized.
Question 30
  1. Assertion (A): Government is a fixed structure and a permanent body of a State.
  2. Reasoning(R): The State exists even after the Government leaves the control of the State.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 30 Explanation: 
Government is a fixed structure. Political executives who get elected to offices may change but Government as a system is a permanent body of State. The State existed before the people come to power and it will exist after these men and women in power leaves the control of the State.
Question 31
What is the real meaning of the word Sovereignty?
A
Authorized Power
B
Universal Powers
C
Final Legal Authority
D
Additional Powers
Question 31 Explanation: 
The fourth essential element of the State is sovereignty. The word ‘sovereignty” means supreme and final legal authority above. No legal power can exist beyond sovereignty.
Question 32
What are the characteristics of the Sovereignty?
A
Universality
B
Absoluteness
C
Exclusiveness
D
All the above
Question 32 Explanation: 
The concept of “sovereignty” was developed in conjunction with the rise of the modern State. In a traditional understanding, the characteristics of sovereignty are absoluteness, permanence, universality, indivisibility, exclusiveness and inalienability.
Question 33
From which of this word the Sovereignty was derived?
A
Suprema
B
Superanus
C
Superanum
D
Supreman
Question 33 Explanation: 
The term Sovereignty is derived from the Latin word “superanus” which means “supreme”.
Question 34
Who was the father of the Modern theory of Sovereignty?
A
Jean Bodin
B
Prof.A. Appadurai
C
Prof.A. Appadurai
D
C.F. Strong
Question 34 Explanation: 
The father of the modern theory of sovereignty was Jean Bodin (1530 – 1597) a French political thinker.
Question 35
Which of these organizations lives in an organized manner?
A
State
B
Society
C
Institutions
D
Community
Question 35 Explanation: 
Families came together under the umbrella of the community for a greater objective of security. The communities so formed made a higher level of organization called society solely to live in an organized manner where each ones’ need is met out by the collective output of the whole.
Question 36
What are the functions of the Government?
A
Law Making
B
Implementing the Law
C
Law interpretation
D
All the above
Question 36 Explanation: 
This control in modern States is done legally through a set of rules and regulations. In a democracy, these rules and regulations are framed by the legislature, enforced by the executive and the judiciary adjudicates the made laws and the implemented laws on the basis of their legality and judiciousness. The function of law making, implementing and interpreting is the function of government.
Question 37
  • Assertion (A): The Society consists of large number of Individuals and families and Institutions.
  • Reasoning(R): State is not a form of Society.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 37 Explanation: 
The society consists of a large number of individuals, families, groups, and institutions. The early political thinkers considered both State and society as one. The state is a part of society but is not a form of society.
Question 38
State the factors of the Society.
  1. The Society has fixed territory.
  2. Society is a social organization.
  3. Society has the power to enforce laws.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 39
Choose the correct statements.
  1. The State exists for one great single purpose.
  2. The Society employs a method of voluntary action for controlling the Human.
  3. The multiplicity of the organization of society gives ample opportunity to the members.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 39 Explanation: 
The membership of the State and society are the same. But they differ as regards to their purpose. The State exists for one great but single, purpose; society exists for a number of purposes; some great and some small. The State is a single organization – legal, whereas society comprises within itself many organizations. The State exercises its control over humans by coercion and exact obedience. On the other hand, the society employs a method of voluntary action. The purpose for which society exists makes the persuasive methods necessary. The multiplicity of the organization of society gives ample opportunity to the members to relinquish one association and join another in the event they are subject to any coercion.
Question 40
  • Assertion (A): The Government can be used as a Synonym for the State.
  • Reasoning (R): Both the Government and State are same entities.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 40 Explanation: 
Government is often used with the ‘State’ as a synonym. But both the government and the State are two different entities. There are differences between the State and the government.
Question 41
Choose the Incorrect statements.
  1. The state consists of population, territory, government and sovereignty.
  2. Powers of the government are original.
  3. The state is permanent and continues forever.
  4. A Government is concrete and is visible.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
ii only
D
iv only
Question 42
Which of these were the foundations of the modernity?
A
Equality
B
Individualism
C
Freedom
D
All the above
Question 42 Explanation: 
Modernity laid the foundations of the prioritization of individualism, freedom, equality, fostering of scientific temper in every walk of life and thus modernity led humans from agrarianism towards industrialization, urbanization, and secularization.
Question 43
Which of this War was ended by the Treaty of Westphalia?
A
Thirty years War
B
Seven Years War
C
European wars of Religion
D
Both a and c
Question 43 Explanation: 
The rational foundation of modern State is often argued to be the treaty of Westphalia signed in the year 1648. The Peace of Westphalia was a series of peace treaties that were signed between May and October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabruck and Munster. They largely ended the European wars of religion, including the Thirty Years' War.
Question 44
Which of these exported the idea of Modern State throughout the world?
A
First World War
B
European Colonization
C
Socialism
D
Industrialization
Question 45
Which of this Economic structure is integrated in the State's society?
A
Micro Economic Structure
B
Macro Economic Structure
C
Mixed Economic Structure
D
Market Economic Structure
Question 45 Explanation: 
The State should strive to keep its people secure and safe. The State should ensure that its borders are sealed and protected. The market needs to be integrated into the society by a well-knit macroeconomic structure.
Question 46
What should be the Motto of all the activities of the Modern State?
A
Industrial Development
B
Citizen First
C
Improvising Life Style
D
Increasing the Trade activities
Question 46 Explanation: 
Citizen first’ should be the motto of all the activities of the State. The sole principle of governance of modern State is whether the action of the State leads to the promotion of the welfare of its people.
Question 47
What are the main functions of the Modern State?
A
Security and Defense
B
Essential Service
C
Economic conditions
D
All the above
Question 47 Explanation: 
It is largely accepted that the modern State focuses on three main functions. Security and Defense, Economic, Provision of Essential Services.
Question 48
Who introduced the idea of perpetual peace for the States of the world?
A
Immanuel Kant
B
Harold J. Laski
C
C.F. Strong
D
Jean Bodin
Question 48 Explanation: 
Terms like Human Security have emerged to put citizens first. Inspired by the philosopher Immanuel Kant’s idea of perpetual peace, the States of the world came together as ‘league of nations’ and later as the ‘United Nations Organization and have been debating the terms security and defense in terms of promoting peace.
Question 49
Which of these are included in the Economic functions of the Modern State?
A
Investing in no profit areas
B
Protecting Weaker Sections
C
Protecting Consumers
D
All the above
Question 49 Explanation: 
Protecting consumers, weaker sections, investing in areas where there is no profit are those included in the economic functions of the modern state.
Question 50
Which is not the responsibility of the Modern State?
A
Providing basic needs
B
Fund Allocation
C
Providing Education
D
Social Security
Question 50 Explanation: 
The fundamental needs such as food, clean drinking water, providing education, healthcare, and social security for the population are the responsibilities of the modern state.
Question 51
State the new concept of the Modern state?
A
Citizen First
B
Essential Service
C
Welfare State
D
Self Sufficient State
Question 51 Explanation: 
The modern State strived for the welfare of its people and hence another concept came into existence called ‘Welfare State’.
Question 52
Which of these is described as the Novel Features of the Indian Constitution by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar?
A
Fundamental Duties
B
Fundamental Rights
C
Dual Citizenship
D
Directive Principles of State Policy
Question 52 Explanation: 
Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are mentioned in the Part 4 of the Indian constitution from articles 36 to 51. DPSPs are taken from the Constitution of the Ireland. Dr. B R Ambedkar described these principles as 'novel features' of the Constitution.
Question 53
From which of this Country the Part IV of the Indian Constitution is derived?
A
Canada
B
Ireland
C
South Africa
D
USSR
Question 53 Explanation: 
The principles have been inspired by the Directive Principles given in the Part IV of Indian Constitution of Ireland which are related to social justice, economic welfare, foreign policy, and legal and administrative matters.
Question 54
Which of these countries are known for their excellence in Welfare States?
A
Scandinavian
B
Canada
C
British
D
South Asian
Question 54 Explanation: 
It is a reality that the abundance of resources with a minimal population has been the main reason for the successful functioning of welfare State model. The Scandinavian countries are excellent examples of welfare State.
Question 55
  • Assertion (A): The Welfare state concept was originated in the Western Europe countries.
  • Reasoning(R): Human development and Protection of wellbeing of Citizens are the key concepts of Welfare state.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 55 Explanation: 
The concept of welfare State has its origin in Western Europe after the Second World War. The main idea of welfare State is that the government of welfare State plays a vital role in human development. The role of the welfare State extends to the protection and promotion of the wellbeing of its citizens.
Question 56
Which of these factors are the basic principles of Social well-being of the Citizens?
A
Public Responsibility
B
Equality of Opportunity
C
Equal distribution of wealth
D
All the above
Question 56 Explanation: 
The economic and social well-being of the citizens is based on the principle of equality of opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, Public responsibility for those who cannot afford themselves the minimal provisions for leading a good life.
Question 57
Which of these countries was the inspiration for the Welfare state in the Indian constitution?
A
Eastern Model
B
Westminster Model
C
Western Model
D
Monarchy Model
Question 57 Explanation: 
India before independence was a Colonial State under British rule. Indians were subjects of the English crown. Once India attained Independence, we had our Constitution that has been deeply inspired by the western model of welfare State.
Question 58
Which of these factors were limiting the Asian states according to Karl Gunnar?
A
Societal Indiscipline
B
Monarchy
C
Poverty
D
Developing nature
Question 58 Explanation: 
Nobel Laureate Karl Gunnar Myrdal identified what he called as societal indiscipline in the Asian States when compared to the western countries.
Question 59
What are the main characteristics of a Soft state?
A
Weak law enforcement
B
Corruption
C
Social Indiscipline
D
All the above
Question 59 Explanation: 
Societal indiscipline is the characteristics of soft State. Social indiscipline, corruption and weak law enforcement are the main characteristics of a soft State.
Question 60
When was the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994 was amended in the Indian Constitution?
A
1997
B
2001
C
2003
D
1998
Question 60 Explanation: 
Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994 (PNDT), was amended in 2003 to The Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition Of Sex Selection) Act (PCPNDT Act) to improve the regulation of the technology used in sex selection.
Question 61
Choose the Incorrect statements.
  1. The Post-colonial states are categorized as Soft States.
  2. A soft state can refine their democratic values.
  3. The Inability to adhere the standards and maintain discipline is the factor of the Soft state.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 61 Explanation: 
The post-colonial developing States are generally categorized as soft States where their institutions of governance are not fully developed. Our inability to adhere to standards and to enforce law and maintain discipline makes our country as a soft State. A soft State cannot advance further in refining its democratic values.
Question 62
  • Assertion (A): The Governance crisis of Pakistan and Bangladesh are explained in terms of over developed state.
  • Reasoning(R): Over developed state is the effectiveness of the functioning similar of bureaucratic Governance after Independence.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 62 Explanation: 
Hamza Alawi explains the case of the governability crisis of Pakistan and Bangladesh using the concept of Over Developed State. Overdeveloped State is an explanation offered to the in effectiveness of the functioning of post-colonial States that operate with the similar structure of bureaucratic governance before and after their independence.
Question 63
Which of these economic factors are known for the Modern State?
A
Supports Industries
B
Eliminates Poverty
C
Intervenes the economic functions
D
Secure the people in the territory
Question 63 Explanation: 
The modern state is supposed to intervene in the economic functions of the political system. The State needs to support the people, make them realize their potential for their betterment.
Question 64
  • Assertion (A): The State gets modernized when the society and its economy are lagging without modernization.
  • Reasoning(R):  This Modernization lag divides the People and the State apparatus.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 64 Explanation: 
The State gets increasingly modernized when the society and its economy are lagging behind without modernization the State and the society grossly mismatched each other. This creates a divide between the people and the State’s apparatus.
Question 65
Which of these countries have a Military Bureaucracy Oligarchy according to Hamza Alawai?
A
Bangladesh
B
Pakistan
C
South Korea
D
Both a and b
Question 65 Explanation: 
In the case of Pakistan and Bangladesh, Hamza Alawai coins the word ‘military bureaucracy oligarchy’ that is similar to the license raj of India and over-centralization as a continuation of colonial legacy that has been constantly addressed by the government of India.
Question 66
Which of these are termed for the Post-Colonial states?
A
Decolonized States
B
Well Developed States
C
Under Developed States
D
Developmental States
Question 66 Explanation: 
Post-colonial State is the name of new nation States that have emerged out of the process of decolonization after the Second World War. Post-colonial State is used synonymously with developmental State.
Question 67
Which of these factors are exhibited by the post-colonial states?
A
Political Instability
B
Poverty
C
Governance crisis
D
All the above
Question 67 Explanation: 
In general, post-colonial States exhibit a high degree of poverty, political instability and the crisis of governance. The mismatch between the society with its traditional power structure overlapping with modern States has largely resulted in such a situation.
Question 68
Which of these are the major challenges faced by the Colonial countries after their Independence?
A
Societal indiscipline
B
National Identity
C
Poverty
D
Industry Development
Question 68 Explanation: 
It is obvious that the Colonial powers that ventured into newer worlds destroyed the main parts of native traditions and cultures and further constantly replaced them with their own ones. This cultural import led to conflicts as and when they became independent as they suddenly faced the challenge of developing a new national identity and self-confidence.
Question 69
Which of this Article declares the Part IV of Indian Constitution as a Fundamental Right?
A
Article 51
B
Article 32
C
Article 21
D
Article 44
Question 69 Explanation: 
According to the Indian Constitution Part IV does not trigger enforceable rights but the free legal aid has been upheld by the Supreme Court as a fundamental right under Article 21 of the Constitution.
Question 70
  • Assertion (A):  The Asylum seeker and the Refugees differ in their definitions.
  • Reasoning(R): An asylum seeker requests the international protection whose claim for refugee status has not been determined.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True but R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 70 Explanation: 
An asylum seeker is someone who is seeking international protection but whose claim for refugee status has not yet been determined. In contrast, a refugee is someone who has been recognized under the 1951 Convention relating to the status of refugees to be a refugee. The definition of ‘refugee’ does not cover other individuals or groups of people who leave their country only because of war or other civil disturbance, famine, natural disasters or in order to seek a better life.
Question 71
Which of these proclaims India as a Sovereign state in the Indian Constitution?
A
42nd Amendment
B
The Preamble
C
Part IV
D
Fundamental Rights
Question 71 Explanation: 
The Preamble proclaims that India is a Sovereign State. 'Sovereign' means that India has its own independent authority and it is not a dominion or dependent state of any other external power. The Legislature of India has the powers to enact laws in the country subject to certain limitations imposed by the Constitution.
Question 72
What is breakdown of constitutional machinery in the Indian Constitution?
A
Article 356
B
Article 370
C
Article 360
D
Article 243
Question 72 Explanation: 
Under the breakdown of the constitutional machinery of any state can impose constitutional emergency. Article 356 deals with Constitutional emergency. This situation arises when a situation in a state reaches to a place, that it can no longer rule according to the provisions of the constitution.
Question 73
Choose the correct statements regarding Sovereign in the Indian Constitution.
  1. India is a Sovereign Democratic Republic country.
  2. Sovereign defines the independent authority of a State.
  3. In republic Countries the elected representatives of the people has the authority for the sovereignty.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 73 Explanation: 
Sovereign means the independent authority of a State. It means that it has the power to legislate on any subject; and that it is not subject to the control of any other State / external power. According to the preamble, the constitution of India has been pursuance of the solemn resolution of the people of India to constitute India into a ‘Sovereign Democratic Republic’, and to secure well-defined objects set forth in the preamble. Sovereignty denotes supreme and ultimate power. It may be real or normal, legal or political, individual or pluralistic. In republican form of governments, which mostly prevail in the contemporary world, sovereignty is shifted to the elected representatives of the people.
Question 74
Which of this information can be sourced from the Census of a country?
A
Demography
B
Standard of Living
C
Sociocultural aspects
D
All the above
Question 74 Explanation: 
The past-independence census in the country has been conducted once in ten years under the constitutional provisions by notification under the census Act 1948. It is the most credible source of information about demography, literacy, standards of living, urbanization, languages spoken, fertility, mortality and various other economic and sociocultural aspects of the country, which underscores its importance for any government
Question 75
In Which year the Nutritious meal scheme was introduced in Tamil Nadu schools?
A
1985
B
1982
C
1965
D
1993
Question 75 Explanation: 
The noon meal scheme and the nutrition’s meal schemes in all Government schools initiated by the Government of Tamil Nadu and adopted in different parts of the country is one such example of the welfare state. The Nutritious Meal program was introduced in Tamil Nadu in the year 1982.
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