The Coming Of The Europeans Online Test 11th History Lesson 11 Questions in English

The Coming Of The Europeans Online Test 11th History Lesson 11 Questions in English

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Question 1
Which of this battle stabled the position of British rule in India?
A
Carnatic Wars
B
Battle of Plassey
C
Battle of Plassey
D
Anglo Maratha War
Question 1 Explanation: 
The beginning of British rule in India is conventionally ascribed to 1757, after the Battle of Plassey was won by the English East India Company against the Nawab of Bengal.
Question 2
  • Assertion (A):  During the 13th century itself the Europeans had arrived India.
  • Reasoning(R): The Europeans were interested in trade of the Indian Ocean.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 2 Explanation: 
The Europeans had arrived in India by the beginning of the sixteenth century. Their original intention was to procure pepper, cinnamon, cloves and other spices for the European markets and participate in the trade of the Indian Ocean.
Question 3
Who were the first among the European countries to establish them in India?
A
Portuguese
B
Dutch
C
British
D
French
Question 3 Explanation: 
The Portuguese were the first Europeans to establish themselves in India. Vasco da Gama discovered the direct sea route to India from Europe around the Cape of Good Hope at the end of the fifteenth century.
Question 4
Which was the political headquarters of the Portuguese in India?
A
Pondicherry
B
Goa
C
Bombay
D
Calicut
Question 4 Explanation: 
The Portuguese conquered Goa on the west coast in 1510. Goa then became the political headquarters for the Portuguese in India and further east in Malacca and Java.
Question 5
  • Assertion (A): The Diu and Daman had the Portuguese forts to control their trade ships in the Arabian Sea.
  • Reasoning(R): The Portuguese were politically controlling India with their naval superiority.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is True but R is False.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 5 Explanation: 
The Portuguese perfected a pattern of controlling the Indian Ocean trade through a combination of political aggressiveness and naval superiority. Their forts at Daman and Diu enabled them to control the shipping in the Arabian Sea, using their well-armed ships.
Question 6
Choose the Correct statements.
  1. During 1600-1650 the Mughals were at their peak power in India.
  2. Initially the Europeans were unaware of the power and wealth of the Mughals.
  3. Travellers from all part of Europe visited India during the 13th century itself.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 6 Explanation: 
1600-1650: The Mughal Empire, this was the period when the Mughal Empire was at the peak of its power. The Europeans were quite aware of the wealth and power of the Mughals, and English poets even wrote about the fabulous “wealth of India”. Travellers from all parts of Europe visited India regularly during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The journals of their travels present a detailed contemporary account of the empire and society in India.
Question 7
Which of this conquest of the Akbar in 1573 gave the Mughals the gateway to Europe and Asia?
A
Goa
B
Bengal
C
Gujarat
D
Punjab
Question 7 Explanation: 
By 1600 Akbar had achieved his imperial dream and extended the frontiers of the Mughal Empire through his conquests in Rajasthan and Gujarat. Gujarat was conquered in 1573, and this gave the Mughal empire valuable access to the port of Surat, which was the gateway to west Asia and Europe.
Question 8
The Mughals gave importance to Surat by appointing two governors to the City,
  1. One the Governor of the City administered the Civilian affairs and collecting revenues.
  2. The other Castle governor was in charge of the Castle built on the river Narmada.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
Both i and ii
D
Neither i nor ii
Question 8 Explanation: 
The importance of Surat to the Mughals can be appreciated from the fact that Surat had two governors, one the governor of the city, and the other, the governor of the castle which had been built on the river Tapti to protect the city. The governor of the city was in charge of civilian affairs and collecting the revenues from customs duties.
Question 9
Which of these Mughal King integrated Bengal as a province in his reign?
A
Humayun
B
Akbar
C
Jahangir
D
Shah Jahan
Question 9 Explanation: 
Akbar had also tried to extend his empire in the east beyond Bihar by conquering Bengal. But Bengal was not really integrated into the empire until nearly three decades later, when it became one of the provinces (subah) under Jahangir.
Question 10
When did the English traders acquire Bombay?
A
1532
B
1653
C
1687
D
1668
Question 10 Explanation: 
The English acquired the islands of Bombay in 1668, and set up their headquarters in Bombay in 1687. Their primary objective was to develop Bombay as an alternate base for their operations.
Question 11
In which of these wars the Vijayanagar Empire was defeated?
A
Battle of Plassey
B
Anglo-Maratha War
C
Battle of Talikota
D
Third Mysore war
Question 11 Explanation: 
After the defeat of Vijayanagar in 1565 in the Battle of Talikota by the combined forces of the rulers of Ahmednagar, Bijapur and Golkonda, the central authority of the once dominant kingdom became very weak.
Question 12
Which of this annexation by the Golkonda changed the political scenario in 1646?
A
Coromandel
B
Goa
C
Surat
D
Diu
Question 12 Explanation: 
Golkonda invaded the Coromandel in 1646 and annexed the area between Pulicat and San Thome, which also changed the political scenario in the region.
Question 13
From whom did the Dutch acquire the Pulicat?
A
Nayak of Senji
B
Shivaji
C
Tipu Sultan
D
Malik Kafur
Question 13 Explanation: 
The Dutch had successfully negotiated to acquire Pulicat (Palaverkadu) from the Nayak of Senji and constructed a fort there.
Question 14
Which of these conquer of Aurangzeb in 1680 extended the Mughal control in the Deccan?
A
Ahmednagar
B
Bijapur
C
Golkonda
D
All the above
Question 14 Explanation: 
Emperor Aurangzeb began an ambitious program of extending his empire south to the Deccan, and the kingdoms of Ahmednagar, Bijapur and Golkonda were conquered in the 1680s. This extended the Mughal control of the Deccan as far south as Chennai.
Question 15
When the St. George Fort was built by the English?
A
1523
B
1639
C
1670
D
1567
Question 15 Explanation: 
The English got a piece of land further south from the local chief, Damarla Venkatadri Nayak on which they built Fort St. George in 1639.Thus an English settlement came up which eventually grew into Chennai (Madras),the capital of the Madras Presidency.
Question 16
When the Marathas devastated Surat to challenge the Mughals claim?
A
1645
B
1670
C
1676
D
1660
Question 16 Explanation: 
The Marathas, under Shivaji, began to grow in power and military strength. They attacked Surat with impunity in 1664, though it was soon abandoned. But their second raid in 1670 devastated Surat and its trade took several years to recover. This seriously challenged the claim of Mughal invincibility and it sounded the beginning of the gradual disintegration of the Mughal Empire.
Question 17
Which city was the Cultural capital of the Tamil region?
A
Thanjavur
B
Madurai
C
Tiruchirappalli
D
Senji
Question 17 Explanation: 
Thanjavur survived as a Maratha ruled state. The Maratha kings, with their inclusive policy of assimilating Tamil intellectual and cultural traditions, made Thanjavur the cultural capital of the Tamil region.
Question 18
  • Assertion (A): Aurangzeb was the last great Mughal king died in 1707.
  • Reasoning(R): After his death the Mughal viceroys of Bengal, Carnatic and Hyderabad set themselves as Independent rulers.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 18 Explanation: 
Aurangzeb, the last of the “great Mughals”, died in 1707. One of the major developments following his death was the establishment of what have been called ‘successor states’. Mughal viceroys in various parts of the country Oudh, Bengal, Hyderabad and the Carnatic set themselves up as independent rulers.
Question 19
Who was controlling the Carnatic region in the eighteenth century?
A
The Nayak of Senji
B
The Arcot Nawab
C
The Chalukyas
D
The Marathas
Question 19 Explanation: 
The name Carnatic originally referred to the region occupied by the Kannada speaking people. In the eighteenth century it included the region lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats, in the modern Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and southern Andhra Pradesh. The Nawab of Arcot controlled this region.
Question 20
Name the Dutch establishments to where the food grains were exported from the west coast of India?
A
China
B
Batavia
C
Indonesia
D
Malaysia
Question 20 Explanation: 
On the west coast, food grains from Gujarat were exported to the Malabar region in return for pepper, cinnamon and ginger. Food grains were also shipped to the Dutch establishments in Sri Lanka and Batavia.
Question 21
Which was the second most important economic activity of India in the 17th century?
A
Agriculture
B
Spice exports
C
Weaving
D
None of the above
Question 21 Explanation: 
Weaving was the second most important economic activity in the country, supported by subsidiary activities like spinning and dyeing.
Question 22
Which of these was famous in the Coromandel region?
A
Pearl
B
Kalamkari Fabrics
C
Ginger
D
Silk
Question 22 Explanation: 
The Coromandel region was famous for its painted (Kalamkari) fabrics which had designs drawn on the cloth and then dyed. By the sixteenth century these had become staple products for consumers in south-east Asia, especially the Indonesian islands.
Question 23
Choose the correct statements.
  1. Money-changers or the Shroffs served as local bankers.
  2.  There was a variety of coins involved in the trade activities.
  3. The merchants issued bills of exchange known as Hundis instead of cash money.
A
All the above
B
i only
C
ii only
D
iii only
Question 23 Explanation: 
Commercial institutions were also well developed to promote such extensive trade. Because a variety of coins were in circulation, there were money-changers or Shroffs to test coins for their purity and decide their value in current terms. They also served as local bankers. Instead of transferring money as cash from one place to another, merchants issued bills of exchange, known as Hundis which would be cashed by Shroffs at different destinations at a specified rate of discount.
Question 24
Match
  1. Banias                   i) Ahmedabad
  2. Jagat Seths          ii) Surat
  3. Nagarseths           iii) Bengal
A
i, iii, ii
B
iii, i, ii
C
ii, iii, i
D
i, ii, iii
Question 24 Explanation: 
This well-developed infrastructure and organization of trade enabled the rich merchants to amass large fortunes. Such merchant princes or capitalists were found in all parts of India – the Banias and Parsi merchants of Surat, the Nagarseths of Ahmedabad, the Jagat Seths of Bengal and the merchant communities of the Coromandel.
Question 25
Which of these were the Entrepots in India?
A
Bengal
B
Calicut
C
Goa
D
Tranquebar
Question 25 Explanation: 
From Malacca ships sailed to the west coast of India, to Calicut or Cambay or Surat in Gujarat. Such intermediate ports were known as “Entrepots”. Goods from Europe and West Asia were exchanged in these ports for goods from the east, as well as locally produced pepper, spices, dyes, clothes and food grains.
Question 26
Which of these places were connected by the ports of Coromandel Coast in India?
A
Burma
B
West Asia
C
Malay Peninsula
D
Both a and c
Question 26 Explanation: 
The ports of the Coromandel Coast, like Masulipatnam, Pulicat and other ports further south served as intermediate ports for the ships from Burma and the Malay Peninsula.
Question 27
  • Assertion (A): The Europeans ships carried spices to the Gulf ports and then to Mediterranean land in olden days.
  • Reasoning(R): The Asian markets had no demands of the European products other than Gold and silver.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 27 Explanation: 
The primary interest of the Europeans was in securing spices for Europe directly. In the olden days, the spices were carried to the Persian Gulf ports and then overland to the Mediterranean. They soon learned that a simple bilateral exchange was not workable in the Asian markets. This was mainly because there was no demand in the local economies for the products of Europe, other than gold or silver.
Question 28
Choose the Incorrect statements.
  1. Vasco da Gama visited Calicut for the second time in the year 1512.
  2. Pedro Alvarez Cabral was a Dutch Sailor.
  3. Vasco da Gama shifted from Calicut to Goa for a better Harbor place.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 28 Explanation: 
Gama’s success made Portugal to send 1200 men with 13 vessels under Pedro Alvarez Cabral. On 29 October 1502 Gama visited Calicut for the second time with a fleet of 20 vessels. Gama moved from Calicut to Cochin as its harbor was better.
Question 29
Where did Vasco da Gama build a Prison?
A
Kannur
B
Cochin
C
Calicut
D
None of the above
Question 29 Explanation: 
Vasco da Game before he returned to Portugal he established a factory [warehouse] in Cochin and a prison at Kannur.
Question 30
  • Assertion (A): The Second Portuguese Viceroy Fransico d Almeida followed the Blue water Policy.
  • Reasoning(R): The Blue water policy was used to strengthen the settlements by the naval force.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 30 Explanation: 
The Portuguese stopped yearly expeditions and instead decided to appoint a Viceroy. The first Viceroy was Francisco d’ Almeida who followed what is known as ‘Blue Water Policy,’ and accordingly, he added more ships to strengthen the navy rather than adding more settlements.
Question 31
Which of these rulers was defeated by the Portugal Viceroy Albuquerque in the year 1510?
A
Zamarin
B
Yusuf Adil Khan
C
Aurangzeb
D
Arcot Nawab
Question 31 Explanation: 
Albuquerque (1509-1515), the successor of Almeida, was the real founder of the Portuguese empire in India. He defeated Yusuf Adil Khan, the ruler of Bijapur in 1510 and captured Goa.
Question 32
How did Albuquerque develop the Portugal Administration in India?
A
Goa was been made as a center of Commerce.
B
People of all faith were encouraged to settle in Goa and he favored matrimonial relationships with Indians.
C
Malacca conquest extended the empire and his control over the Sea trade.
D
All the above
Question 32 Explanation: 
He developed Goa into a center of commerce by making all the ships sail on that route. He encouraged people of all faiths to settle in Goa. He was in favor of Europeans marrying Indian women and settling down in Portuguese controlled territories. His conquest of Malacca (in Malaysia) held by the Muslims, who commanded the trade route between India-China and Mecca and Cairo, extended the empire.
Question 33
Choose the correct statements.
  1. Albuquerque attempted to stop the practice of Sati in India.
  2. In 1515 Albuquerque took control of the Ormuz.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
Both i and ii
D
Neither i nor ii
Question 33 Explanation: 
Albuquerque attempted to stop the practice of Sati. He attacked the Arabs and was successful in taking Aden. In 1515 he took control of Ormuz.
Question 34
When the Portuguese wrested the port of Daman from Imad-ul Mulk?
A
1559
B
1550
C
1534
D
1545
Question 34 Explanation: 
Two more viceroys played a significant role in consolidating the Portuguese empire in India. They are Nino da Cunha and Antonio de Noronha. Da Cunha occupied Bassein and Diu in 1534 and 1537 respectively. The port of Daman was wrested from the hands of Imad-ul Mulk in 1559.
Question 35
Which of these Mughal ruler visited Cambay in the year 1571?
A
Shah Jahan
B
Jahangir
C
Akbar
D
Aurangzeb
Question 35 Explanation: 
During the period of De Noronha (1571) the Mughal ruler Akbar visited Cambay in Gujarat and the first contacts between the Portuguese and the Mughal emperor established.
Question 36
Which of these Kings defeated the Portugal in 1580?
A
King Louis XIV
B
Philip II
C
King James I
D
Christian IV
Question 36 Explanation: 
In 1580 Philip II, King of Spain, defeated Portugal and annexed it. In India the Dutch defeated the Portuguese in Ceylon and later seized the Portuguese fort on Malabar Coast.
Question 37
Which of these were introduced by the Europeans in the warfare?
A
Gun Powder
B
Canons
C
Superior Artillery
D
Both a and c
Question 37 Explanation: 
The Europeans adopted new methods in the warfare. Gun powder and superior artillery played a significant role in the success of their battles.
Question 38
Which was known as the Black Town of the British period in India?
A
Mylapore
B
George Town
C
Senji
D
Vellore
Question 38 Explanation: 
The presence of Portuguese is very much evident in Chennai’s San Thome. Mylapore was the Portuguese ‘Black Town’. Black Town of the British period was George Town.
Question 39
  • Assertion (A): Fr. Roberto de Nobili is considered as the father of Tamil prose for his linguistic ability to write in Tamil and Sanskrit.
  • Reasoning(R): Fr. Henriques is known as the father of the printing press as he introduced the Tamil printing.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 39 Explanation: 
Fr.Roberto de Nobili, whose linguistic ability enabled him to write extensively in Tamil and Sanskrit. He is considered the father of Tamil prose. Fr.Henriques introduced printing in Tamil and is called the father of printing press.
Question 40
What was the reason for the clashes between the Portuguese and the Muslim groups in the 1530s?
A
Fishing control
B
Trade control
C
Pearl diving rights
D
Both a and c
Question 40 Explanation: 
Clashes occurred between the Portuguese and the Muslim groups on the pearl fishery coast in the 1530s over the control of fishing and pearl diving rights and a delegation of Paravas complained to the Portuguese authorities at Cochin about the atrocities inflicted on them by Arab fleets and sought protection.
Question 41
Who defeated the Portuguese in India by seizing the Malabar Coast?
A
The French
B
The Dutch
C
The Nawab of Arcot
D
The Mughals
Question 41 Explanation: 
In 1580 Philip II, King of Spain, defeated Portugal and annexed it. In India the Dutch defeated the Portuguese in Ceylon and later seized the Portuguese fort on Malabar Coast. Thereafter rather than protecting their settlements in India, Portuguese began to evince greater interest in Brazil.
Question 42
Name the Viceroy to make first contacts between Mughal and Portuguese in India?
A
De Noronha
B
Francisco d’ Almeida
C
Albuquerque
D
Nino da Cunha
Question 42 Explanation: 
It was during the period of De Noronha (1571) the Mughal ruler Akbar visited Cambay in Gujarat and the first contacts between the Portuguese and the Mughal emperor established.
Question 43
  • Assertion (A): St. Francis Xavier arrived in Goa in the year 1542.
  • Reasoning(R): He travelled to south India to baptize the converts and established a network of Jesuit Mission centers.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 43 Explanation: 
St. Francis Xavier, one of the founders of the Society of Jesus, arrived in Goa in 1542 and travelled as far as Thoothukudi and Punnakayal to baptize the converts. Xavier established a network of Jesuit mission centers. His visit is evident from the shrines dedicated to St. Xavier and the towering churches that came up in the fishing villages on the Coromandel Coast.
Question 44
When did the Dutch East India Company establish in India?
A
1578
B
1602
C
1674
D
1543
Question 44 Explanation: 
The first Dutch expedition to the South East Asia was in 1595 by a trader Jan Huyghen van Linschoten a merchant from Netherlands who lived in Lisbon. There were several companies floated by the traders and individuals to trade with the East. The state intervened and amalgamated them all and created a Dutch East India company in 1602.
Question 45
Choose the correct statements.
  1. The Dutch built the Castle Geldria in Pulicat.
  2. The Masulipatnam was under the control of Dutch in the year 1605.
  3. Nagapattinam, Punnakayal and Cuddalore were also the settlements of the Dutch in the Tamil Region.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 45 Explanation: 
In Pulicat, located 60 kilometers north of Chennai, the Dutch built the Castle Geldria. The remains of this 400 year old fort can be seen even now. This fort was once the seat of Dutch power. The Dutch established control of Masulipatnam in 1605 and they established their settlement at Pulicat in 1610. The other Dutch colonial forts and possessions include Nagapattinam, Punnakayal, Porto Novo, Cuddalore (Tiruppathiripuliyur) and Devanampatinam.
Question 46
  • Assertion (A): Pulicat was the Coromandel Headquarters of the Dutch East India Company.
  • Reasoning(R): Diamonds, Nutmeg and cloves were exported to Europe from Pulicat.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 46 Explanation: 
Pulicat served as the Coromandel headquarters of the Dutch East India Company. Diamonds were exported from Pulicat to the western countries. Nutmeg, cloves, and mace too were sent from here to Europe. A gun powder factory was also set up by the Dutch to augment their military power.
Question 47
What was the less known disputable policy of the Dutch in India?
A
Territory Expansion
B
Slave Trade
C
Rivalry wars
D
All the above
Question 47 Explanation: 
One less known fact about the Dutch is they were involved in slave trade. People from Bengal and from settlements such as Tengapattinam and Karaikal were brought to Pulicat. The Dutch employed brokers at Madras for catching and shipping slaves. Famines, droughts and war that resulted in food shortage led to the flourishing of the slave trade.
Question 48
When the French East India Company was established in India?
A
1664
B
1527
C
1634
D
1678
Question 48 Explanation: 
The French attempted to establish a trade link with India as early as 1527. Taking a cue from the Portuguese and the Dutch, the French commenced their commercial operations through the French East India Company, established in 1664.
Question 49
  • Assertion (A): Colbert, the Finance Minister of King Louis XIV tried to establish the French East India Company.
  • Reasoning(R): The General public of France did not attracted by this Government initiative.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 49 Explanation: 
The French commercial enterprise was a project of King Louis XIV. His minister of finance, Colbert, was instrumental in establishing the French East India Company. As the French effort was a government initiative, it did not attract the general public of France who viewed it as yet another way to tax people.
Question 50
From which of this Mughal ruler the Berber, French agent obtained the Fir man in 1666?
A
Akbar
B
Aurangzeb
C
Shah Jahan
D
Jahangir
Question 50 Explanation: 
Berber, a French agent in India obtained a fir man [a royal command or authorization] on September 4, 1666 from Aurangzeb and the first French factory was established at Surat in December 1668.
Question 51
Who was supporting the French against the Dutch?
A
Zamarin
B
Sher Khan Lodi
C
King of Golkonda
D
Farukhsiyar
Question 51 Explanation: 
The French were able to remove the Dutch from San Thome in Mylapore in 1672. The French sought the support of Sher Khan Lodi the local Governor represented the Sultan of Bijapur against the Dutch.
Question 52
Which of this French Settlement were offered by Sher Khan Lodi?
A
Mahe
B
Chandranagore
C
Masulipatnam
D
Pondicherry
Question 52 Explanation: 
The Dutch befriended the King of Golkonda who was a traditional foe of Bijapur. It was Sher Khan Lodi who offered Pondicherry (Puducherry) as a suitable site for the French settlement.
Question 53
Which of this Governor made Pondicherry as the strategic center of French Settlement in India?
A
Francis Martin
B
Berber
C
Pierre Benoit Dumas
D
Colbert
Question 53 Explanation: 
Francis Martin who became the Governor of Pondicherry later had spent four years in Madagascar before arriving Surat. He made Pondicherry the strategic center of French settlements in India.
Question 54
Which of these Treaty restored Pondicherry to the French in 1697?
A
Treaty of Bremen
B
Treaty of Paris
C
Treaty of Ryswick
D
Treaty of Limerick
Question 54 Explanation: 
In 1697, according to the treaty of Ryswick, Pondicherry was once again restored to the French. However, it was handed over to the French only in 1699.Francis Martin remained as its governor till his death in 1706.
Question 55
Match
  1. Mahe                                           i) 1739
  2. Qasim Bazaar                            ii) Pondicherry
  3. Karaikal                                      iii) 1725
  4. Pierre Benoit Dumas               iv) Bengal
A
iii, iv, i, ii
B
i, iv, iii, ii
C
ii, iii, i, iv
D
iii, i, ii, iv
Question 55 Explanation: 
The French secured Mahe in 1725 and Karaikal in 1739. The French were also successful in establishing and extending their settlements in Qasim Bazaar, Chandranagore and Balasore in the Bengal region. Pierre Benoit Dumas (1668–1745) was another able French governor in Pondicherry.
Question 56
Which of these were the settlements of Danes in India?
A
Tranquebar
B
Serampore
C
Nicobar Islands
D
All the above
Question 56 Explanation: 
Denmark and Norway (together till 1813) possessed colonial settlements in India and Tamil Nadu. Tarangambadi or Tranquebar in Tamil Nadu, Serampore in West Bengal and Nicobar Islands were their possessions in India.
Question 57
Choose the Incorrect statements.
  1. The King of Denmark issued a charter and created a Danish East India Company in 1656.
  2.  Admiral Ove Gjedde led the first expedition to Ceylon.
  3. The Danes company did not get any response from its traders.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 57 Explanation: 
On March 17, 1616 the King of Denmark, Christian IV issued a charter and created a Danish East India Company. This Company did not get any positive response from the Danish traders. Admiral Ove Gjedde led the first expedition to Ceylon in 1618. The Danes could not get any trade contract in Ceylon.
Question 58
From whom did the Robert Crappe receive Tarangambadi as an agreement?
A
Arcot Nawab
B
Thanjavur King
C
Hyder Ali
D
Nayak of Senji
Question 58 Explanation: 
Robert Crappe ably negotiated with the Thanjavur King and struck an agreement. According to the agreement signed on 20 November 1620, the Danes received the village of Tarangambadi or Tranquebar and the right to construct a Fort there.
Question 59
  • Assertion (A): The Second Danish East India Company was established in the year 1696.
  • Reasoning(R): In 1755 the Danish settled in Andaman and Nicobar Island.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 59 Explanation: 
A second Danish East India Company was started in 1696. Trade between Denmark and Tarangambadi resumed and many new trade outposts were also established. The Nayak king of Thanjavur gifted three more villages surrounding Tarangambadi. Two Danish Missionaries, the first protestant missionaries, arrived on 9 June 1706. The Danish settled in Andaman and Nicobar in 1755, but due to the threat of malaria they abandoned it in 1848.
Question 60
In Which year Serampore was sold to the British by the Danes?
A
1823
B
1839
C
1845
D
1878
Question 60 Explanation: 
During the Napoleonic wars the British caused heavy damage to the Danes possessions. Serampore was sold to the British in 1839 and Tranquebar and other settlements in 1845.
Question 61
Choose the correct statements.
  1. Bartholomaeus Ziegenbalg arrived in Tranquebar as the first Lutheran missionary in India.
  2. The Hindus and the Local Danish authorities opposed the preaching and Baptizing works of Zieganbalg.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
Both i and ii
D
Neither i nor ii
Question 61 Explanation: 
Bartholomaeus Ziegenbalg along with Heinrich Pluetshau arrived in Tranquebar in September 1706, as the first Lutheran missionaries in India. They began preaching, and baptized their first converts within ten months of their stay. Their work was opposed both by Hindus and by the local Danish authorities, and in 1707-08 Ziegenbalg had to spend four months in prison on a charge that by converting the natives he was encouraging rebellion.
Question 62
What were the efforts taken by Ziegenbalg in developing the Cultural works in India?
A
Set up a Printing press.
B
Published Studies of Indian religion and Culture in Tamil Language.
C
Translated the complete Bible and Genesis to Ruth in Tamil.
D
All the above.
Question 62 Explanation: 
Ziegenbalg set up a printing press, and published studies of the Tamil language and of Indian religion and culture. His translation of the New Testament into Tamil in 1715 was first in any Indian language. When he died on 23 February 1719, he left behind a full Tamil translation of the complete Bible and of Genesis to Ruth (Bible Story book series) many brief writings in Tamil.
Question 63
Who obtained the Firman from Jahangir to trade in Surat?
A
Sir William Norris
B
William Hawkins
C
Thomas Roe
D
Robert Clive
Question 63 Explanation: 
In 1611, King James I obtained from Mughal Emperor Jahangir through William Hawkins, permission for regular trade. The English obtained some trading privileges in Surat.
Question 64
From whom did Sir Thomas Roe obtained trading privileges in Surat?
A
Balaji Vishwanath
B
Jahangir
C
Akbar
D
Prince Kurram
Question 64 Explanation: 
In 1615–19, Sir Thomas Roe was sent as an Ambassador of the English King James I. The Viceroy of Gujarat, Prince Kurram granted trading privileges, but the British could not operate freely because the Portuguese exercised a powerful influence in the region.
Question 65
Which was the first recorded landholding in India by the East India Company?
A
St. David Fort
B
Fort St. George
C
Pulicat
D
Senji Fort
Question 65 Explanation: 
Madras was ceded to East India Company in 1639 by the Raja of Chandragiri with permission to build a fortified factory which was named Fort St. George. This was the first landholding recorded by the Company on Indian soil.
Question 66
Which of this Conquer of Aurangzeb brought the Company territories under Mughal rule in 1687?
A
Bijapur
B
Vellore
C
Golkonda
D
Pondicherry
Question 66 Explanation: 
In 1645, the ruler of Golkonda overran the territories under the Company’s control in Madras. Aurangzeb conquered Golkonda in 1687 and brought the Company territories under Mughal rule.
Question 67
In which of these regions the Company was able to use its military rights by the 1683 Charter act?
A
Africa
B
America
C
Asia
D
All the above
Question 67 Explanation: 
The Charter of 1683 empowered the Company to raise military forces and the right to declare war or make peace with the powers in America, Africa and Asia.
Question 68
Which was the first Indian settlement of the British Company in 1690?
A
Madras
B
Sultanuti
C
Kalikata
D
Gobindpur
Question 68 Explanation: 
Local officials interfered with the trading rights of the British and this resulted in the Company declaring war with the ruler representing the Mughals. Peace was restored in 1690 and the Company established its first settlement at Sultanuti, a site which became the future Calcutta.
Question 69
When the Fort St. William became the headquarters of the British Presidency?
A
1670
B
1567
C
1770
D
1775
Question 69 Explanation: 
The factory was fortified in 1696 and in 1698 the Company secured the zamindari rights over three villages, Sutanuti, Kalikata and Gobindpur in return for a payment of 1200 rupees a year. The fortified factory was called Fort St. William which became the headquarters of the Presidency in 1770.
Question 70
  • Assertion (A): Sir William Norris met Aurangzeb to get jurisdiction over English settlements in the year 1698.
  • Reasoning(R): During the year 1714-17 only the Mughal Emperor Farukhsiyar conceded the request of Norris.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 70 Explanation: 
Sir William Norris, sent by the English King William III in 1698, met Aurangzeb to get full English jurisdiction over the English settlements. But this request was conceded only during 1714-17, when a mission under Surman sent to the Mughal Emperor Farukhsiyar obtained firman (grant of trading rights) addressed to the local rulers of Gujarat, Hyderabad and Bengal.
Question 71
Which of these wars established the supremacy of the British over the French in India?
A
Carnatic Wars
B
Talikota war
C
Anglo-Maratha War
D
Battle of Plassey
Question 71 Explanation: 
The British had to fight three wars (1746-1763) with the French to establish their supremacy, which in history are called the Carnatic wars.
Question 72
When the First Carnatic War broke out in India?
A
1756-58
B
1734-38
C
1734-40
D
1746-48
Question 72 Explanation: 
First Carnatic War 1746-48 was the result of the Austrian War of Succession and Seven Years War fought in Europe had their repercussions in India.
Question 73
Which of these English General attacked the French vessels during the first Carnatic war?
A
Commodore Barnett
B
Morse
C
Robert Clive
D
Sir Eyre Cootes
Question 73 Explanation: 
When the Austrian war broke out, the new Governor of Pondicherry, Dupleix appealed to Morse, the Governor of Madras, to remain neutral. But a British squadron under Commodore Barnett captured some of the French vessels with Indian goods and precipitated the situation. Dupleix shocked by this incident, appealed to Anwar- ud-din, the Nawab of Carnatic, to help him to avoid war with the English. Calm prevailed for some time.
Question 74
  • Assertion (A): The French handed over Madras to the British in return for Louisburg, North America.
  • Reasoning(R): In the year 1748 France and the English signed the Treaty of Aix La Chappelle.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 74 Explanation: 
In 1748, France and the English had signed the Treaty of Aix La Chappelle. Under this treaty the British and the French ceased their hostilities in India. It was agreed that the French would hand over Madras to the British in return for Louisburg in North America.
Question 75
When the Second Carnatic war came to an end?
A
1723
B
1749
C
1754
D
1765
Question 75 Explanation: 
The Second Carnatic War: 1749-54 Dupleix supported the claims of Muzaffar Jung, the grandson of Asaf Jah died in 1748 in Hyderabad, as the Nizam of Hyderabad. In the Carnatic he supported the claim of Chanda Sahib. A triple alliance was formed amongst the French, Nizam and the Nawab of Carnatic.
Question 76
Who were involved in the Battle of Ambur?
A
Chanda Sahib
B
Muzaffar Jung
C
Anwar-ud-din
D
All the above
Question 76 Explanation: 
The Battle of Ambur (1749) Muzaffar Jung the contender for Nizami of Hyderabad, and Chanda Sahib, a claimant to the Nawabi of Carnatic, with the help of the disciplined French infantry inflicted huge casualties on the Nizam and Anwar-ud-din’s forces. Anwar-ud-din was killed. Chanda Sahib entered Arcot as the Nawab.
Question 77
Robert Clive
  1. He was the governor of the Fort St. David.
  2. He won the Battle of Plassey and involved in the Carnatic wars.
  3. He defeated the Mughal emperor in 1765.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 77 Explanation: 
Clive was promoted as the governor of Fort St David and was involved in the Carnatic Wars and the siege of Trichinopoly. He won the Battle of Plassey in Bengal from where the British Empire came to evolve in India. Clive returned to India to take up his governorship and secured the Diwani rights from the defeated Mughal emperor in 1765.
Question 78
Where did the Amboyna Massacre happen in the year 1623?
A
Sri Lanka
B
Indonesia
C
Malaysia
D
Andaman Islands
Question 78 Explanation: 
The Amboyna Massacre – twenty servants of British East India Company, Portuguese and Japanese were tortured and killed by the agents of Dutch East India Company at Ambon Island in Indonesia in the year 1623.
Question 79
In the Battle of Arani,
  1. The Maratha ruler Murari Rao was with the English army.
  2. Chanda sahib was captured and executed.
  3. Muhammad Ali became the ruler of Carnatic.
A
i only
B
ii only
C
iii only
D
All the above
Question 79 Explanation: 
In the battle of Arni the English and the Maratha ruler Murari Rao faced an unequal number of French and the forces of Nawab of Arcot. In several battles that followed, including one at Kaveripakkam, Chanda Sahib was captured and executed. Muhammad Ali became the undisputed ruler of Carnatic.
Question 80
Which of this Treaty was signed between the French and the British in the year 1755?
A
Treaty of Basel
B
Treaty of Pondicherry
C
Treaty of Baden
D
Treaty of Paris
Question 80 Explanation: 
The Treaty of Pondicherry was signed in 1755 with the English; both countries agreed not to interfere in the quarrels of the Indian princes. The Treaty also defined their mutual territorial possessions in India, a situation that was maintained for nearly two centuries until Indian independence.
Question 81
When the Seven years’ war broke out in Europe?
A
1750
B
1762
C
1756
D
1758
Question 81 Explanation: 
The Third Carnatic War: 1756-1763 it was an echo of the Seven Years War (1756-1763) which broke out in Europe in 1756.The war was fought in North America (resulting in the American War of Independence) and West Africa (which later became the French West Africa).
Question 82
  • Assertion (A): The Battle of Plassey changed the position of the British in the territorial power.
  • Reasoning(R): The British Company abused the trade permits granted by the Mughal Emperors.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 82 Explanation: 
Battle of Plassey (1757) The East India Company abused the trade permits (dastaks) granted by the Mughal Emperor by not paying taxes to the Nawab of Bengal, and by involving itself in internal trade. The battle of Plassey (1757) changed the position of the British from being a commercial power to that of a territorial power.
Question 83
Who were fighting against the British in the battle of Buxar?
A
Mir Qasim
B
Mir Qasim
C
Shah Alam II
D
All the above
Question 83 Explanation: 
Battle of Buxar (1764), after fleeing from Bengal Mir Qasim aligned with the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II and the Nawab of Oudh, Shuja-ud-daulah, who were equally aggrieved by the interference of the Company in their internal affairs. They declared war against the British. The battle was fought at Buxar (1764).
Question 84
Which of this treaty made the British as the virtual rulers of the Bengal?
A
Treaty of Alinagar
B
Treaty of Bassein
C
Treaty of Allahabad
D
Treaty of Salbai
Question 84 Explanation: 
The victory of the British in Buxar led to the signing of the Treaty of Allahabad (1765) by Robert Clive with Shah Alam II. By this treaty the Company got the Diwani right to collect land revenue from the princely states of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. Besides the Company obtained three districts Burdwan, Chittagong and Midnapur in Bengal and sovereignty over Calcutta. British virtually became the rulers of Bengal.
Question 85
Who was the Supreme Commander of the French Government during the Third Carnatic war?
A
Count de Lally
B
Dupleix
C
Bussy
D
La Bourdonnais
Question 85 Explanation: 
Outbreak of Third Carnatic War, the French government sent Count de Lally as the Supreme Commander of the French forces in India. As the British were active in Bengal, Lally promptly secured Fort St. David after a short siege.
Question 86
Which of these places were transferred to the English without a battle?
A
Rajahmundry
B
Masulipatnam
C
Chandranagore
D
Mahe
Question 86 Explanation: 
In Deccan the political situation changed quickly and the French lost both Rajahmundry (1758) and Masulipatam (1759). Salabat Jung, the Nizam of Hyderabad, without fighting a battle signed an agreement with the British. The Nizam transferred Masulipatnam and Northern Circars from the French to the English.
Question 87
Who was commanding the British army in the Wandiwash battle?
A
General Peacock
B
Robert Clive
C
Peyton
D
Eyre Coote
Question 87 Explanation: 
A fresh detachment of British forces arrived under the command of Sir Eyre Coote, The last ditch battle was fought between Eyre Coote and Lally at Wandawashi (Wandiwash) in January 1760. Bussy was defeated and taken prisoner.
Question 88
  • Assertion (A): The Treaty of Paris, 1763 ended the seven years’ war.
  • Reasoning(R): Pondicherry and Chandranagore was restored with the French as the result of the Treaty.
A
Both A and R is True and R is the correct explanation of A.
B
Both A and R is True and R is not the correct explanation of A.
C
A is False but R is True.
D
Both A and R is False.
Question 88 Explanation: 
The hostilities came to an end with the signing of the Treaty of Paris (1763) at the end of the Seven Years War. Pondicherry and Chandranagore were restored to the French. The French had to henceforth be content with Pondicherry, Karaikal and Yanaon (Yanam), Mahe (Kannur district in Kerala), and Chandranagore (Chandannagar in Bengal).
Question 89
Anandarangam was a
A
Leading Merchant
B
Chief Dubhashi
C
Chief Commercial
D
both b and c
Question 89 Explanation: 
Anandarangam (1709-1761), was born to a leading merchant of the time named Tiruvengadam Pillai. Dupleix appointed him the Chief Dubhashi (one who knows two languages) and Chief Commercial Agent (1746).
Question 90
Which of this Governor’s history is described in the Anandarangam Diary?
A
Pierre Benoit Dumas
B
Dupleix
C
Count de Lally
D
Francis Martin
Question 90 Explanation: 
The real fame rests on Anandarangam voluminous Diary in Tamil which is a very valuable source of history for the period from 1736 to 1760, particularly for the Governorship of Dupleix. It is also a good summary of Anandarangam views and impressions on contemporary events.
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