The Guptas Online Test 11th History Lesson 3 Questions in English

The Guptas Online Test 11th History Lesson 3 Questions in English

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Question 1
In the period from c. 300 to 700 CE which kingdom emerged as a great power and achieved the political unification of a large part of the India?
A
Mauryan kingdom
B
Gupta kingdom
C
Mughal kingdom
D
Delhi sultan
Question 1 Explanation: 
In the period from c. 300 to 700 CE the Gupta kingdom emerged as a great power and achieved the political unification of a large part of the Indian subcontinent.
Question 2
Which type of government began to take root during Gupta period?
A
Feudalism
B
Socialism
C
Democratic
D
Anarchism
Question 2 Explanation: 
Feudalism as an institution began to take root during this period. With an effective guild system and overseas trade, the Gupta economy boomed.
Question 3
Which class living standard reached a peak during Gupta period?
A
Upper class
B
Middle class
C
Lower class
D
All the above
Question 3 Explanation: 
The living standards of upper classes reached a peak. Education, art and study of science progressed, but the feudal system of governance put people in some form of hardship.
Question 4
How many types of sources are there for reconstructing the history of the Gupta period?
A
Two
B
Four
C
Three
D
Five
Question 4 Explanation: 
There are three types of sources for reconstructing the history of the Gupta period. I. Literary sources 2. Epigraphical Sources 3. Numismatic Sources
Question 5
Which poet wrote Mudrarakshasam a Sanskrit play?
A
Bhavabhuti
B
Vishakadutta
C
Bharavi
D
Bindusara
Question 5 Explanation: 
Devichandraguptam and Mudrarakshasam (Sanskrit play) by Vishakadutta provide details about the rise of the Guptas
Question 6
Which Chinese traveller account for literature source of Gupta kingdom?
A
Fa Hien
B
Yijing
C
Xuan Zang
D
Zheng He
Question 6 Explanation: 
The Chinese traveller Fa Hien account for literature source of Gupta kingdom
Question 7
Whose achievements was written in Mehrauli Iron Pillar inscription?
A
Bindusara
B
Asoka
C
Samudragupta
D
Chandragupta I
Question 7 Explanation: 
Mehrauli Iron Pillar inscription – achievements of Chandragupta I.
Question 8
Whose personality and achievements were described in Allahabad Pillar inscription?
A
Bindusara
B
Asoka
C
Samudragupta
D
Chandragupta I
Question 8 Explanation: 
Allahabad Pillar inscription – describing Samudragupta’s personality and achievements.
Question 9
Who composed Samudragupta’s personality and achievements in 33 lines?
A
Harisena
B
Harsha
C
Kalidasa
D
Pulakeshin
Question 9 Explanation: 
Allahabad Pillar inscription – describing Samudragupta’s personality and achievements in 33 lines composed by Harisena and engraved in Sanskrit in Nagari script.
Question 10
Chandragupta I, who was the third ruler of the Gupta dynasty married to whom?
A
Asandhimitra
B
Padmavati
C
Kumaradevi
D
Subhadrangi
Question 10 Explanation: 
Chandragupta I, who was the third ruler of the Gupta dynasty married Kumaradevi, a Lichchavi prince. The marriage is mentioned in the records of his successors with pride indicating that that royal connection would have contributed to the rise of Guptas.
Question 11
Arrange the following rulers in chronological order
  1. Samudragupta
  2. Ghatotkacha
  3. Chandragupta I
  4. Sri Gupta
A
2 – 1 – 4 – 3
B
2 – 4 – 1 – 3
C
3 – 1 – 2 – 4
D
4 – 2 – 3 – 1
Question 11 Explanation: 
The first ruler of the Gupta Empire was Sri Gupta (240–280 CE) who was succeeded by his son Ghatotkacha (280–319 CE). Chandragupta I, the son of Ghatotkacha, ruled from 319CE and is considered to be the first great king of the Gupta Empire.
Question 12
When Chandragupta I appointed his son Samudragupta to succeed him?
A
370 CE
B
341 CE
C
335 CE
D
327 CE
Question 12 Explanation: 
Chandragupta I, appointed his son Samudragupta to succeed him in 335 CE. A lengthy eulogy on him, inscribed on an Ashokan pillar, suggests that he was claiming the legacy of the Mauryan kingdom.
Question 13
Which of the following statement regarding Samudragupta is incorrect
  1. Four northern kings were conquered mainly in the area around Delhi and western Uttar Pradesh. Twelve kings of the western half of the Ganges Plain were violently uprooted.
  2. The kings of the south and the east were forced to pay homage, and from the places mentioned, it appears that Samudragupta campaigned down the eastern coast as far as Kanchipuram.
  3. The forest kings (tribal chiefs of Central India and the Deccan) were forced to pay tribute. The kings of Assam and Bengal in eastern India and those of small kingdoms in Nepal and the Punjab also paid tribute by submission
A
Only 1
B
Only 1 and 2
C
Only 3
D
All 1, 2 and 3
Question 13 Explanation: 
Nine kings of the western half of the Ganges Plain were violently uprooted. Four northern kings were conquered mainly in the area around Delhi and western Uttar Pradesh
Question 14
How many Republics in Rajasthan, including the Malavas and Yaudheyas, were forced to accept Gupta’s suzerainty?
A
Five
B
Seven
C
Nine
D
Twelve
Question 14 Explanation: 
Nine Republics in Rajasthan, including the Malavas and Yaudheyas, were forced to accept Gupta’s suzerainty.
Question 15
Who among the following foreign kings didn’t paid tribute to Samudragupta?
A
The Daivaputra Shahanushahi
B
The Khmer
C
The Sakas
D
King of Sri Lanka
Question 15 Explanation: 
The foreign kings, such as the Daivaputra Shahanushahi (a Kushana title), the Sakas and the king of Lanka also paid tribute, as mentioned in the eulogy.
Question 16
Samudragupta’s Campaign broke the power of the tribal republics in Rajasthan regions that led to repeated invasions of whom?
A
Huns
B
Timurid
C
Seljuk
D
Ottoman
Question 16 Explanation: 
Samudragupta’s campaign broke the power of the tribal republics in Rajastan regions that led to repeated invasions from the Huns.
Question 17
Which Lanka ruler sent presents and requested permission from Samudragupta to build a Buddhist monastery at Gaya?
A
Pandukabhaya
B
Valagamba
C
Vijayabahu
D
Meghavarman
Question 17 Explanation: 
The relationship with Kushanas is not certain, but with regard to Lanka, its ruler Meghavarman sent presents and requested permission from Samudragupta to build a Buddhist monastery at Gaya.
Question 18
Samudragupta perform which animal sacrifice ritual to proclaim his military conquests?
A
Buffalo
B
Pig
C
Horse
D
Deer
Question 18 Explanation: 
Samudragupata performed the horse sacrifice ritual to proclaim his military conquests.
Question 19
Samudragupta is an ardent follower of which religious form?
A
Shaivism
B
Vaishnavism
C
Buddhism
D
Jainism
Question 19 Explanation: 
Samudragupta patronised scholars and poets like Harisena and thus promoted Sanskrit literature. Though an ardent follower of Vaishnavism, he also patronised the great Buddhist scholar Vasubandhu.
Question 20
Who held the title of maharaja-adhiraja (great king over other kings)?
A
Chandragupta II
B
Asoka
C
Samudragupta
D
Chandragupta I
Question 20 Explanation: 
Chandragupta I, held the title of maharaja-adhiraja (great king over other kings). His imperial position is inferred from the records of others.
Question 21
Samudragupta coins bear the insignia of him playing which instrument?
A
Ghatam
B
Vina
C
Table
D
Flute
Question 21 Explanation: 
Samudragupta coins bear the insignia of him playing the vina (lute).
Question 22
Who came to power after Samudragupta, ruled from 375 to 415 CE?
A
Chandragupta II
B
Bindusara
C
Ashoka
D
Skandagupta
Question 22 Explanation: 
Chandragupta II named after his grandfather, Chandragupta II was a capable ruler, who ruled for 40 years from c. 375 to 415 CE. He came to power after a succession struggle with his brother Rama Gupta.
Question 23
Chandragupta is also known as ______
A
Veer Raja
B
Thig Maharaja
C
Vikramaditya
D
Bhoja
Question 23 Explanation: 
Chandragupta II is also known as Vikramaditya.
Question 24
What was the capital of Chandragupta II?
A
Magadha
B
Pataliputra
C
Mathura
D
Varanasi
Question 24 Explanation: 
With the capital at Pataliputra, Chandragupta II extended the limits of the Gupta Empire by conquest and matrimonial alliances.
Question 25
Chandragupta II married off his daughter Prabhavati to whom?
A
Palava prince
B
Saka prince
C
Kadambas prince
D
Vakataka prince
Question 25 Explanation: 
Chandragupta II married off his daughter Prabhavati to a Vakataka prince, who ruled the strategic lands of Deccan. This alliance was highly useful when he proceeded against the Saka rulers of western India.
Question 26
Which of the following statement regarding Chandragupta II is correct?
  1. Chandragupta II conquered Deccan and Bengal by defeating the Saka rulers who had reigned for about four centuries in the region
  2. After establishing himself in eastern and western India, Chandragupta II defeated northern rulers like the Huns, Kambojas and Kiratas. He was a great conqueror and an able administrator as well.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 26 Explanation: 
Chandragupta II conquered western Malwa and Gujarat by defeating the Saka rulers who had reigned for about four centuries in the region.
Question 27
The kingdom’s prosperity grew out of its trade links with which Empire outside India during Chandragupta II?
A
Roman empire
B
Egypt empire
C
Ottoman empire
D
Mongol empire
Question 27 Explanation: 
The kingdom’s prosperity grew out of its trade links with Roman Empire.
Question 28
Which of the following is not the other name of Chandragupta II?
A
Devagupta
B
Sakraditya
C
Vikrama
D
Sakari
Question 28 Explanation: 
Chandragupta II other names (as mentioned in coins) include Vikrama, Devagupta, Devaraja, Simhavikrama, Vikramaditya and Sakari.
Question 29
Who was given the title “Kaviraja” because of his love for poetry and music?
A
Chandragupta I
B
Chandragupta II
C
Samudragupta
D
Asoka
Question 29 Explanation: 
As a lover of poetry and music, Samudragupta was given the title “Kaviraja”.
Question 30
Who was the great Sanskrit poet in the court of Chandragupta II?
A
Kalidasa
B
Amarasimha
C
Dhanvantari
D
Banabhatta
Question 30 Explanation: 
Chandragupta II court had nine jewels or navaratnas, that is, nine eminent people in various fields of art, literature and science. This included the great Sanskrit poet Kalidasa, the Sanskrit scholar Harisena, the lexicographer Amarasimha, and the physician Dhanvantari.
Question 31
Which Buddhist scholar from China, visited India during Chandragupta II reign?
A
Yijing
B
Xuan Zang
C
Fa Hien
D
Fotudeng
Question 31 Explanation: 
Fa Hien, the Buddhist scholar from China, visited India during Chandragupta II reign. He records the prosperity of the Gupta Empire.
Question 32
Chandragupta II was the first Gupta ruler to issue which coins?
A
Gold coins
B
Silver coins
C
Copper coins
D
Bronze coins
Question 32 Explanation: 
Chandragupta II was the first Gupta ruler to issue silver coins. His rule thus formed the peak period of Gupta’s territorial expansion.
Question 33
Who founded the Nalanda University?
A
Chandragupta I
B
Kumara Gupta I
C
Skanda Gupta
D
Chandragupta II
Question 33 Explanation: 
Chandragupta II was succeeded by his son Kumara Gupta I, who founded the Nalanda University.
Question 34
Who was the last great king of the Gupta dynasty?
A
Chandragupta I
B
Kamara Gupta
C
Chandragupta II
D
Skanda Gupta
Question 34 Explanation: 
The last great king of the Gupta dynasty, Skanda Gupta, was the son of Kumara Gupta I.
Question 35
Which Gupta king was also called Sakraditya?
A
Chandragupta I
B
Kumara Gupta
C
Skanda Gupta
D
Vishnu Gupta
Question 35 Explanation: 
Kumara Gupta was also called Sakraditya
Question 36
The recurrence invasion of whom strained Kumara Gupta empire’s coffers?
A
Huns
B
Ottomans
C
Romans
D
Arabs
Question 36 Explanation: 
Kumara Gupta was able to repulse an attack by the Huns, but the recurrence of Huns’ invasion strained his empire’s coffers. The Gupta Empire declined after the death of Skanda Gupta in 467 CE.
Question 37
Who was the last recognised king of the Gupta line?
A
Chandragupta I
B
Kumara Gupta
C
Skanda Gupta
D
Vishnu Gupta
Question 37 Explanation: 
The last recognised king of the Gupta line was Vishnu Gupta who reigned from 540 to 550 CE.
Question 38
Which of the following is not the title assumed by kings during Gupta age?
A
Maharajadhiraja
B
parama-bhattaraka
C
parameshvara
D
bhramaneshwar
Question 38 Explanation: 
During the Gupta age, political hierarchies can be identified by the titles adopted. Kings assumed titles such as maharajadhiraja, parama-bhattaraka and parameshvara.
Question 39
Which king is compared to Purusha (Supreme Being) in the Allahabad inscription?
A
Chandragupta I
B
Chandragupta II
C
Samudragupta
D
Kumara Gupta
Question 39 Explanation: 
Samudragupta is compared to Purusha (Supreme Being) in the Allahabad inscription. These assertions can be seen as reflections of an attempt to claim divine status by the king. They were also connected with gods through epithets such as parama-daivata (the foremost worshipper of the gods) and parama-bhagavata (the foremost worshipper of Vasudeva Krishna).
Question 40
Which term occurs in six Vaishali seals, which suggests that this title represented a high-ranking officer associated with an office of his own?
A
Kumaramatya
B
Bharavata
C
Paramasila
D
All the three
Question 40 Explanation: 
The term “kumaramatya” occurs in six Vaishali seals, which suggests that this title represented a high-ranking officer associated with an office (adikarana) of his own.
Question 41
Which of the following statement is correct
  1. The designation “amatya” occurs on several Bita seals, and the “kumaramatya” seems to have been pre-eminent among amatyas and equivalent in status to princes of royal blood.
  2. Kumaramatyas were attached to the king, crown prince, revenue department or a province. One of the Vaishali seals refers to a kumaramatya who seems to have been in charge of the maintenance of the sacred coronation tank of the Lichchavis
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 42
Which of the following is not the tittle given for Harisena, composer of the Allahabad prashasti?
A
Kumaramatya
B
Sandhivigrahika
C
Mahadandanayak
D
Bhindayanka
Question 42 Explanation: 
Harisena, composer of the Allahabad prashasti (inscriptions of praise), was a kumaramatya, sandhivigrahika and mahadandanayaka, and was the son of Dhruvabhuti, a mahadandanayaka.
Question 43
The Allahabad prashasti refers to an assembly or council, presumably of ministers, which was known as the ______
A
Mantir
B
Sabha
C
Alaya
D
Vasa
Question 43 Explanation: 
The Allahabad prashasti refers to an assembly or council, presumably of ministers, which was known as the Sabha. The Gupta king was assisted by a council of mantrins (ministers)
Question 44
The high-ranking judicial or military officers were called ______
A
Mahadandanayakas
B
Mahasandhivigrahika
C
Bhramanthiyaga
D
Sandhanayaks
Question 44 Explanation: 
High-ranking officials were called dandanayakas, and mahadandanayakas were high-ranking judicial or military officers. One of the seals mentions a mahadandanayaka named Agnigupta.
Question 45
Which of the following statement is incorrect
  1. The Allahabad prashasti refers to six mahadandanayakas. All these suggest that these posts were hereditary by nature.
  2. Another person had a designation mahashvapati (commander of the cavalry), indicating military functions
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 45 Explanation: 
The Allahabad prashasti refers to three mahadandanayakas. All these suggest that these posts were hereditary by nature.
Question 46
The minister for peace and war were called _____
A
Mahadandanayakas
B
Mahasandhivigrahika
C
Bhramanthiyaga
D
Sandhanayaks
Question 46 Explanation: 
The various high-ranking functionaries included the sandhivigrahika or mahasandhivigrahika (minister for peace and war), who seems to have been a high-ranking officer in charge of contact and correspondence with other states, including initiating wars and concluding alliances and treaties.
Question 47
The Gupta Empire was divided into provinces known as ____
A
Uru
B
Bhuktis
C
Grama
D
Pariksha
Question 47 Explanation: 
The Gupta Empire was divided into provinces known as deshas or bhuktis.
Question 48
What was the designation of Governors who administrated deshas or bhuktis?
A
Uparikas
B
Jawans
C
Thilagas
D
Peernals
Question 48 Explanation: 
The deshas or bhuktis were administered by governors who were usually designated as uparikas. The uparika was directly appointed by the king and he, in turn, frequently appointed the head of the district administration and the district board.
Question 49
Which pillar inscription of Budhagupta, dated Gupta year 165 CE, refers to maharaja Surashmichandra as a lokpala?
A
Mehrauli Iron pillar
B
Allahabad pillar
C
Eran pillar
D
Ashoka pillar
Question 49 Explanation: 
The Eran pillar inscription of Budhagupta, dated Gupta year 165 CE, refers to maharaja Surashmichandra as a lokpala, governing the land between the Kalinndi and Narmada rivers. Lokpala here seems to refer to a provincial governor.
Question 50
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. Uparika carried on the administration “with the enjoyment of the rule consisting of horses and soldiers not elephants they are reserved for only kings”, indicating his control over the military machinery as well
  2. The fact that the uparika had the title maharaja in three of the Damodarpur plates indicates his high status and rank in the administrative hierarchy.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 50 Explanation: 
Uparika carried on the administration “with the enjoyment of the rule consisting of elephants, horses and soldiers”, indicating his control over the military machinery as well.
Question 51
The provinces of the Gupta Empire were divided into districts known as ___
A
Urus
B
Deshas
C
Visayas
D
Joras
Question 51 Explanation: 
The provinces of the Gupta Empire were divided into districts known as visayas, which were controlled by officers known as vishyapatis. The vishyapatis seems to have been generally appointed by the provincial governor
Question 52
Which among the following is not the name given for the administrative units below the district level included clusters of settlements?
A
Vithi
B
Bhumi
C
Nilam
D
Peta
Question 52 Explanation: 
The administrative units below the district level included clusters of settlements known variously as vithi, bhumi, pathaka and peta. There are references to officials known as ayuktakas and vithi-mahattaras.
Question 53
At the village level, villagers chose functionaries such as _____
A
Bhuktis
B
Daivata
C
Mantrin
D
Gramika
Question 53 Explanation: 
At the village level, villagers chose functionaries such as gramika and gramadhyaksha.
Question 54
Which of the following statement is correct
  1. The Damodarpur copper plate of the reign of Chandragupta I mentions an ashtakula-adhikarana (a board of eight members) headed by the mahattara.
  2. Mahattara has a range of meanings including village elder, village headman, and head of a family community.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 54 Explanation: 
The Damodarpur copper plate of the reign of Budhagupta mentions an ashtakula-adhikarana (a board of eight members) headed by the mahattara.
Question 55
The Sanchi inscription of whose time of mentions the panchmandali, which may have been a corporate body?
A
Chandragupta I
B
Chandragupta II
C
Samudragupta
D
Budhagupta
Question 55 Explanation: 
The Sanchi inscription of the time of Chandragupta II mentions the panchmandali, which may have been a corporate body.
Question 56
Seals and inscriptions of Gupta period mention military designations such as _____?
A
Pandalike
B
Boonasetha
C
Baladhirkrita
D
Senathari
Question 56 Explanation: 
Seals and inscriptions mention military designations such as baladhikrita and mahabaladhikrita (commander of infantry and cavalry). A Vaishali seal mentions the ranabhandagar-adhikarana, which is the office of the military storehouse.
Question 57
The standard term “senapati” does not occur in Gupta inscriptions, but the term could be found in which epigraphs?
A
Maurya
B
Vakataka
C
Pallava
D
Chola
Question 57 Explanation: 
The standard term “senapati” does not occur in Gupta inscriptions, but the term could be found in some Vakataka epigraphs.
Question 58
The chief of the palace guards were known as _____
A
Khadyatapakita
B
Adhikarana
C
Subalanga
D
Mahapratiara
Question 58 Explanation: 
The chief of the palace guards was known as mahapratiara
Question 59
Which of the following statement is correct
  1. A Vaishali seal mentions a person both as a mahapratihara and a taravara. The top layer of the administrative structure also included amatyas and sachivas, who were executive officers in charge of various departments.
  2. Another Vaishali seal mentions the adhikarana (office) of the dandapashika, which may have been a superintendent of the royal kitchen.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 59 Explanation: 
Another Vaishali seal mentions the adhikarana (office) of the dandapashika, which may have been a district-level police office.
Question 60
The superintendent of the royal kitchen were known as ____
A
Khadyatapakita
B
Adhikarana
C
Subalanga
D
Mahapratiara
Question 60 Explanation: 
The superintendent of the royal kitchen was known as the khadyatapakita.
Question 61
The Guptas Military system of espionage included spies known as ____
A
Adhikarna
B
Jhankars
C
Dutakas
D
Bannors
Question 61 Explanation: 
The Guptas Military system of espionage included spies known as dutakas. The ayuktakas were another cadre of high-ranking officers.
Question 62
Who wrote ‘Nitisara’ that emphasises the importance of the royal treasury and mentions various sources of revenue?
A
Harisena
B
Dhanvantari
C
Bimbisara
D
Kamandaka
Question 62 Explanation: 
Nitisara, written by Kamandaka, is a text like Arthasastra. It emphasises the importance of the royal treasury and mentions various sources of revenue. The many ambitious military campaigns of kings like Samudragupta must have been financed through revenue surpluses.
Question 63
Who was the keeper of royal records in Gupta period?
A
Amarasimha
B
Khadyatapakita
C
Ranabhandagar
D
Akshapataladhikrita
Question 63 Explanation: 
The akshapataladhikrita was the keeper of royal records. Gupta inscriptions mention the terms klipta, bali, udranga, uparikara, and iranyavesti meant forced labour.
Question 64
Which among the following is not the crops cultivated during the Gupta period?
A
Rice
B
Chili
C
Pulses
D
Sugarcane
Question 64 Explanation: 
The crops cultivated during the Gupta period were rice, wheat, barley, peas, lentils, pulses, sugarcane and oil seeds.
Question 65
From whom, we come to know that the south was famous for pepper and cardamom?
A
Kalidasa
B
Fa Hien
C
Harisena
D
Varman
Question 65 Explanation: 
From Kalidasa, we come to know that the south was famous for pepper and cardamom. Varahamihira gives elaborate advice on the plantation of fruit trees.
Question 66
Who among the following brought waste lands under cultivation when they were donated to them as religious endowments?
A
Brahmins
B
Buddhist
C
Jain sanghas
D
All the above
Question 66 Explanation: 
Apart from the state and individual cultivators, Brahmins, Buddhists and Jain sanghas brought waste lands under cultivation when they were donated to them as religious endowments.
Question 67
Who was the sole proprietor of the land according to The Paharpur copper plate inscription?
A
God
B
Brahmins
C
King
D
Queen
Question 67 Explanation: 
The Paharpur copper plate inscription indicates that the king was the sole proprietor of the land. Even when he made land grants, he reserved his prerogatives over it.
Question 68
Who maintained records of all the land transactions in the district and the village accountant preserved records of land in the village?
A
Khadyatapakita
B
Adhikarana
C
Ustapala
D
Mahapratiara
Question 68 Explanation: 
As stated in Paharpur plates, an officer called ustapala maintained records of all the land transactions in the district and the village accountant preserved records of land in the village.
Question 69
Match the following List I with List II and choose the correct answer
  • List I                                         List II
  • Land                                   Characteristic 
  1. Kshetra                            1. Waste land
  2. Khila                                 2. Habitable land
  3. Aprahata                         3. Cultivable land
  4. Vasti                                 4. Jungle or Waste land
  5. Gapata Saraha                5. Pastoral land
A
3 – 1 – 4 – 2 – 5
B
2 – 4 – 1 – 5 – 3
C
4 – 3 – 2 – 5 – 1
D
5 – 1 – 4 – 3 – 2
Question 70
The land Grants made to feudatories of Guptas is known as ____
A
Agrahara grants
B
Devagrahara grants
C
Secular grants
D
Pastoral grants
Question 70 Explanation: 
The land Grants made to feudatories of Guptas is known as Secular grants.
Question 71
A land grant in favour of a Brahmin as well as gifts to merchants for the repair and worship of temples is known as _______
A
Agrahara grants
B
Devagrahara grants
C
Secular grants
D
Pastoral grants
Question 71 Explanation: 
A land grant in favour of a Brahmin as well as gifts to merchants for the repair and worship of temples is known as Devagrahara grants. Agrahara grants are given to Brahmins, it was perpetual, hereditary and tax free.
Question 72
Which among the following land tenure is not correctly matched with its nature of holding
A
Nivi dharma – Endowment of land under a kind of trusteeship was prevalent in south India and Bengal.
B
Nivi dharma aksayana – A perpetual endowment. The recipient could make use of income derived from it.
C
Aprada dharma – Income from land could be enjoyed, but the recipient is not permitted to gift it to anyone. The recipient has no administrative rights either.
D
Bhumichchidranyaya – Right of ownership acquired by a person making barren land cultivable for the first time. This land was free from any rent liability.
Question 72 Explanation: 
Nivi dharma – Endowment of land under a kind of trusteeship was prevalent in North and Central India and Bengal.
Question 73
From which we understand that there were two kinds of dykes: the bardhya and the khara?
A
Kamandakiya Nitisara
B
Narada smriti
C
Dayabhaga
D
Arthashastra
Question 73 Explanation: 
From the Narada Smriti, we understand that there were two kinds of dykes: the bardhya, which protected the field from floods, and the khara, which served the purpose of irrigation.
Question 74
To prevent inundation, what were constructed, which is mentioned by Amarasimha?
A
Bardhaya
B
Neerharasata
C
Gangamethaya
D
Jalanirgamah
Question 74 Explanation: 
To prevent inundation, jalanirgamah (drains) were constructed, which is mentioned by Amarasimha. Canals were constructed not only from rivers but also from tanks and lakes.
Question 75
The most famous lake was the sudarsana lake present in which state?
A
Gujarat
B
Rajasthan
C
Himachal Pradesh
D
Uttar Pradesh
Question 75 Explanation: 
The most famous lake was the Sudarsana lake at the foot of Girnar Hills in Gujarat.
Question 76
Which of the following statement is incorrect
  1. The peasants were reduced to the position of serfs due to the caste classification and also due to the granting of various privileges and lands to others
  2. The practice of lease-holding increases the permanent tenants to tenants at will. The farmers were required to pay various taxes.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 76 Explanation: 
The practice of lease-holding reduced the permanent tenants to tenants at will (which means tenants could be evicted without notice). The farmers were required to pay various taxes.
Question 77
Who among the following does not make frequent mention of the existence of mines during Gupta period?
A
Amarasimha
B
Varahamihira
C
Charaka
D
Kalidasa
Question 77 Explanation: 
Mining and metallurgy were one of the most flourishing industries during the Gupta period. Amarasimha, Varahamihira and Kalidasa make frequent mention of the existence of mines.
Question 78
Which among the following rich deposits metal was mined extensively during Gupta period in Rajasthan?
A
Gold
B
Bronze
C
Silver
D
Copper
Question 78 Explanation: 
The rich deposits of iron ore from Bihar and copper from Rajasthan were mined extensively during this period.
Question 79
Which among the following metal is not used during Gupta period?
A
Platinum
B
Antimony
C
Tin
D
Bronze
Question 79 Explanation: 
The list of metals used apart from iron were gold, copper, tin, lead, brass, bronze, bell-metal, mica, manganese, antimony, red chalk (sanssilajata) and red arsenic.
Question 80
Who were next only to agriculturists in importance in the society?
A
Horseman
B
Priest
C
Blacksmith
D
Architects
Question 80 Explanation: 
Blacksmiths were next only to agriculturists in importance in the society. Metal was used for the manufacture of various domestic implements, utensils and weapons.
Question 81
Where the Mehrauli Iron Pillar of King Chandra is located?
A
Mumbai
B
Delhi
C
Patna
D
Allahabad
Question 81 Explanation: 
The most important and visible evidence of the high stage of development in metallurgy is the Mehrauli Iron Pillar of King Chandra in the Qutb Minar Complex in Delhi, identified with Chandragupta II. This monolith iron pillar has lasted through the centuries without rusting.
Question 82
Which among the following tax is correctly matched with its nature?
A
Kara – A periodic tax levied on the villagers
B
Halivakara – A plough tax paid by every cultivator owning a plough
C
Klipta and Upakilpta – Related to sale and purchase of Land
D
Bhoga – King’s customary share of the produce normally amounting to one-sixth of the produce paid by cultivators
Question 82 Explanation: 
Bhoga – Periodic supply of fruits, firewood, flowers, etc., which the village had to provide to the king.
Question 83
The tax which was voluntary offering by the people to the king, but later became compulsory is known as ____
A
Bhaga
B
Bali
C
Udianga
D
Hiranya
Question 83 Explanation: 
Bali – A voluntary offering by the people to the king, but later became compulsory. It was an oppressive tax.
Question 84
King’s customary share of the produce normally amounting to one-sixth of the produce paid by cultivators, this tax is known as ____
A
Bhaga
B
Bali
C
Udianga
D
Hiranya
Question 84 Explanation: 
Bhaga – King’s customary share of the produce normally amounting to one-sixth of the produce paid by cultivators.
Question 85
How many types of traders were in Gupta period?
A
Three
B
Four
C
Six
D
Two
Question 85 Explanation: 
The contribution of traders to the soundness of the Gupta economy is quite impressive. Two distinctive types of traders called sresti and sarthavaha existed.
Question 86
Who was a caravan trader who carried his goods to different places for profitable sale?
A
Sresti
B
Sarthavaha
C
Payanastra
D
Soheithava
Question 86 Explanation: 
The sarthavaha was a caravan trader who carried his goods to different places for profitable sale. Sresti was usually settled at a particular place and enjoyed an eminent position by virtue of his wealth and influence in the commercial life and administration of the place.
Question 87
Which is a society or other organisation of people with common interests or an association of merchants?
A
Artisans
B
Merchants
C
Guild
D
Peasants
Question 87 Explanation: 
Guild is a society or other organisation of people with common interests or an association of merchants. Guilds continued as the major institution in the manufacture of goods and in commercial enterprise.
Question 88
Which among the following statement is incorrect
  1. Trade items ranged from products for daily use to valuable and luxury goods. The abundant inscriptions and seals mentioning artisans, merchants and guilds are indicative of the thriving crafts and trade
  2. Guilds remained under the control of government. They respected the laws formed by governments in trades.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 88 Explanation: 
Guilds remained virtually autonomous in their internal organisation, and the government respected their laws. These laws were generally drafted by a larger body, the corporation of guilds, of which each guild was a member.
Question 89
Which among the following describe the organisation and activities of guilds?
A
Narada Smriti
B
Manusmriti
C
Arthashastra
D
Dayabhaga
Question 89 Explanation: 
The Narada Smriti and Brihaspati Smritis describe the organisation and activities of guilds. They mention that the guild had a chief and two, three or five executive officers.
Question 90
Which refers to guilds rendering justice to their members and suggests that these decisions should, by and large, be approved by the king?
A
Narada Smriti
B
Brihaspati Smriti
C
Arthashastra
D
Dayabhaga
Question 90 Explanation: 
The Brihaspati Smriti refers to guilds rendering justice to their members and suggests that these decisions should, by and large, be approved by the king. The inscription also records that the chief of the guilds played an important role in the district-level administrative bodies.
Question 91
The guilds also acted as what according to Brihaspati Smriti?
A
Military
B
University
C
Schools
D
Banks
Question 91 Explanation: 
In Brihaspati Smriti there is also mention of joint corporate bodies of merchant-bankers, caravan merchants and artisans. The guilds also acted as banks. The names of donors are mentioned in this inscription.
Question 92
The lending of money at an exorbitant rate of interest is known as ____
A
Usury
B
Bribery
C
Debt
D
Evasion
Question 92 Explanation: 
Usury (the lending of money at an exorbitant rate of interest) was in practice during the Gupta period. The detailed discussion in the sources of that period indicates that money was used, borrowed and loaned for profit.
Question 93
Who refers to Tamralipti in Bengal as an important centre of trade on the eastern coast?
A
Kalidasa
B
Amarasimha
C
Fa Hein
D
Dhanvantari
Question 93 Explanation: 
Fa Hien refers to Tamralipti in Bengal as an important centre of trade on the eastern coast. Fahien describes the perils of the sea route between India and China. The goods traded from India were rare gems, pearls, fine textiles and aromatics.
Question 94
Which among the following is not the port in western coast of India?
A
Calliena
B
Chaul port
C
Arikamedu port
D
Mangarouth
Question 94 Explanation: 
There were many ports that facilitated trade in the western coast of India such as Calliena (Kalyan), Chaul port in ruin sixty kilometres south of Mumbai, and the markets of Male (Malabar), Mangarouth (Mangalore), Salopatana, Nalopatana and Pandopatana on the Malabar coast.
Question 95
The ports and towns were connected with which of the following kingdom during Gupta period?
A
Persia
B
China
C
Arabia
D
Egypt
Question 95 Explanation: 
The ports and towns were connected with those of Persia, Arabia and Byzantium on the one hand and Sri Lanka, China and Southeast Asia on the other.
Question 96
Which coin was issued by Guptas more than any other coins?
A
Gold
B
Silver
C
Copper
D
Bronze
Question 96 Explanation: 
The Guptas issued many gold coins but comparatively few silver and copper coins. However, the post-Gupta period saw a decline in the circulation of gold coins.
Question 97
Which among the following statement regarding Fa Hien’s account on Mathura is Incorrect
  1. At Mathura, the people are numerous and happy; they do not have to register their household. Everyone has to pay a portion of the grain from it.
  2. In the case of repeated rebellion, their right hands are cut off. Throughout the whole country, the people do not kill any living creatures or drink any intoxicant
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 97 Explanation: 
At Mathura, the people are numerous and happy; they do not have to register their household. Only those who cultivate the royal land have to pay a portion of the grain from it. Criminals are fined both lightly and heavily depending on the circumstances.
Question 98
According to which roman historian Huns were a barbarian tribe living near Caspian Sea and contributed to the fall of Roman Empire?
A
Cicero
B
Suetonius
C
Tacitus
D
Tiberius
Question 98 Explanation: 
The origin of Huns is not definitely known. According to Roman historian Tacitus, they were a barbarian tribe living near Caspian Sea and contributed to the fall of Roman Empire.
Question 99
In the Pataliputra cities, whose families establish houses for dispensing charity and medicines?
A
Brahmins
B
Kshatriyas
C
Vaisyas
D
All the above
Question 99 Explanation: 
The inhabitants of Pataliputra are rich and prosperous and vie with one another in the practice of benevolence. In the cities, the Vaisya families establish houses for dispensing charity and medicines.
Question 100
Huns organised under whom and were known for their savagery and bestiality in Europe?
A
Bleda
B
Attila
C
Genghis Khan
D
Alaric I
Question 100 Explanation: 
Huns organised under Attila and were known for their savagery and bestiality in Europe.
Question 101
White branch of Huns, moved towards India from Central Asia and their invasion began about a hundred years after the Kushanas?
A
White Huns
B
Spear Huns
C
Arrow Huns
D
Blue Huns
Question 101 Explanation: 
One branch of Huns, known as white Huns, moved towards India from Central Asia and their invasion began about a hundred years after the Kushanas.
Question 102
Which among the following cave is not correctly mentioned with its location
A
Ajanta cave – Maharashtra
B
Bagh cave – Madhya Pradesh
C
Udayagiri cave – Uttar Pradesh
D
Ellora cave – Maharashtra
Question 102 Explanation: 
The most notable groups of the rock-cut caves are found at Ajanta and Ellora (Maharashtra) and Bagh (Madhya Pradesh). The Udayagiri caves (Orissa) are also of this type.
Question 103
The second group of temples shows many of the characteristic features of which style?
A
Nagara style
B
Dravida style
C
Sultan style
D
Huns style
Question 103 Explanation: 
The second group of temples shows many of the characteristic features of the Dravida style
Question 104
Which of the following statement is correct
  1. By evolving the Nagara and the Dravida styles, the Gupta art ushers in a formative and creative age in the history of Indian architecture with considerable scope for future development.
  2. The rock-cut caves continue the old forms to a great extent but possess striking novelty by bringing about extensive changes in the ornamentation of the facade and in the designs of the pillars in the interior.
  3. A good specimen of stone sculpture is the well-known erect vishnu from Sarnath. Of the puranic images, perhaps the most impressive is the great Boar (Varaha) at the entrance of a cave at Elora.
A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 1 and 3
D
All 1, 2 and 3
Question 104 Explanation: 
A good specimen of stone sculpture is the well-known erect Buddha from Sarnath. Of the puranic images, perhaps the most impressive is the great Boar (Varaha) at the entrance of a cave at Udayagiri.
Question 105
Which of the following attributes is not the structural temples in Gupta period?
A
Square temple with a curvilinear tower
B
Circular temple
C
Pyramid shaped roof top square temple
D
Rectangular temple
Question 105 Explanation: 
The structural temples have the following attributes: (1) flat-roofed square temples; (2) flat-roofed square temple with a vimana (second storey); (3) square temple with a curvilinear tower (shikara) above; (4) rectangular temple; and (5) circular temple.
Question 106
The importance of the third group of temples lies in the innovation of what?
A
Shikara
B
Sthambha
C
Mandap
D
Pilaster
Question 106 Explanation: 
The importance of the third group of temples lies in the innovation of a shikhara that caps the sanctum sanctorum, the main feature of the Nagara style.
Question 107
In which of the following are stupas are found build by Guptas?
A
Samat
B
Ratnagiri
C
Mirpur Khas
D
Lahore
Question 107 Explanation: 
Stupas were also built in large numbers but the best are found at Samat (Uttar Pradesh), Ratnagiri (Orissa) and Mirpur Khas (Sind).
Question 108
Where a copper image of the Buddha about eighteen feet high is found build in Gupta period?
A
Uttar Pradesh
B
Madhya Pradesh
C
Bihar
D
Odisha
Question 108 Explanation: 
A copper image of the Buddha about eighteen feet high at Nalanda in Bihar and the Sultanganj Buddha of seven-and-a-half feet in height.
Question 109
Which of the following statement is correct
  1. The art of stone sculptures seems to have been in popular demand in the Gupta period than the art of painting.
  2. The mural paintings of Ajanta are not true frescoes, for frescoes is painted while the plaster is still damp and the murals of Ajanta were made after it had set.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 109 Explanation: 
The art of painting seems to have been in popular demand in the Gupta period than the art of stone sculptures. The mural paintings of this period are found at Ajanta, Bagh, Badami and other places
Question 110
The art of Ajanta and Bagh shows the which School of painting at its best?
A
Barahmasa school of painting
B
Rajagir school of painting
C
Madhyadesa school of painting
D
Purna school of painting
Question 110 Explanation: 
The art of Ajanta and Bagh shows the Madhyadesa School of painting at its best.
Question 111
In which of the following area Gupta pottery remains are not found?
A
Hastinapur
B
Rajgarh
C
Ahchichhatra
D
Gauda
Question 111 Explanation: 
Gupta pottery remains found at Ahchichhatra, Rajgarh, Hastinapur and Bashar afford proof of excellence of pottery. The most distinctive class of pottery of this period is the “red ware”.
Question 112
Which are religious texts covering a wide range of subjects such as ethics, politics, culture and art?
A
Smritis
B
Sruti
C
Aranyaka
D
Samhita
Question 112 Explanation: 
Smritis are religious texts covering a wide range of subjects such as ethics, politics, culture and art. Dharmasastras and puranas form the core of this body of literature.
Question 113
Which was the official language of Guptas?
A
Pali
B
Sanskrit
C
Tulu
D
Prakrit
Question 113 Explanation: 
The Guptas made Sanskrit the official language and all their epigraphic records were written in it. The period saw the last phase of the Smriti literature.
Question 114
Who wrote mahabhashya on the Sanskrit grammar?
A
Panini
B
Patanjali
C
Charaka
D
Mahavira
Question 114 Explanation: 
The Gupta period also saw the development of Sanskrit grammar based on Panini who wrote Ashtadhyayi and Patanjali who wrote Mahabhashya on the topic.
Question 115
Who make the compilation of the Amarakosa, a thesaurus in Sanskrit?
A
Amarasimha
B
Panini
C
Mahavir
D
Pingala
Question 115 Explanation: 
Gupta period is particularly memorable for the compilation of the Amarakosa, a thesaurus in Sanskrit, by Amarasimha.
Question 116
Who composed a book on grammar named Chandravyakaranam?
A
Dharmakirti
B
Shantideva
C
Charaka
D
Chandrogomia
Question 116 Explanation: 
A Buddhist scholar from Bengal, Chandrogomia, composed a book on grammar named Chandravyakaranam.
Question 117
Which of the following statement is correct
  1. The Puranas, as we know them in their present form, were composed during this time. They are the legends as recorded by the Vaisyas.
  2. They were originally composed by bards (professional storytellers), but now, having come into priestly hands, they were rewritten in classical Sanskrit.
  3. The succession of dynasties was recorded in the form of prophesies. The Mahabharata and the Ramayana also got their final touches and received their present shape during this period.
A
Only 1
B
Both 1 and 2
C
Both 2 and 3
D
Both 1 and 3
Question 117 Explanation: 
The Puranas, as we know them in their present form, were composed during this time. They are the legends as recorded by the Brahmins.
Question 118
How many major puranas are there?
A
Twelve
B
Eighteen
C
Ten
D
Twenty-four
Question 118 Explanation: 
There are Eighteen major puranas are listed. Of them the well-known are: Brahma Purana, Padma Purana, Vishnu Purana, Skanda Purana, Shiva Maha Purana, Markendeya Purana, Agni Purana, Bhavishya Purana, Matsya Purana and Shrimad Bhagavat Purana.
Question 119
The earliest Buddhist works were written in which language?
A
Pali
B
Sanskrit
C
Tulu
D
Prakrit
Question 119 Explanation: 
The earliest Buddhist works are in Pali, but in the later phase, Sanskrit came to be used to a great extent. Most of the works are in prose with verse passages in mixed Sanskrit.
Question 120
The first regular Buddhist work on logic was written by whom?
A
Asanga
B
Jaimini
C
Chandrakirti
D
Vasubandhu
Question 120 Explanation: 
The first regular Buddhist work on logic was written by Vasubandhu.
Question 121
Who among the following are the most notable writers of Buddhist literature in Gupta period?
A
Ashoka
B
Bindhusena
C
Arya Deva
D
Dhana Nanda
Question 121 Explanation: 
Arya Deva and Arya Asanga of the Gupta period are the most notable writers.
Question 122
The Jaina canonical literature at first took shape in which dialects?
A
Pali
B
Sanskrit
C
Tulu
D
Prakrit
Question 122 Explanation: 
The Jaina canonical literature at first took shape in Prakrit dialects. Sanskrit came to be the medium later. Within a short time, Jainism produced many great scholars and by their efforts the Hindu itihasa and puranas were recast in Jaina versions to popularise their doctrines.
Question 123
Who among the following was the discipline of Vasubandhu’s?
A
Sudraka
B
Visakhadatta
C
Dignaga
D
Vimala
Question 123 Explanation: 
Vasubandhu’s disciple, Dignaga, was also the author of many learned Buddhist works.
Question 124
Who produced a Jaina version of Ramayana?
A
Pingala
B
Vimala
C
Shaunaka
D
Mahavira
Question 124 Explanation: 
Vimala produced a Jaina version of Ramayana. Siddasena Divakara laid the foundation of logic among the Jainas.
Question 125
Which of the following statement is correct
  1. Chandragupta I himself had established his fame as Kaviraja.
  2. Chandragupta I court was adorned by the celebrated navaratnas like Kalidasa, Amarasimha, Visakadatta and Dhanvantri.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 125 Explanation: 
Samudragupta himself had established his fame as Kaviraja. It is widely believed that his court was adorned by the celebrated navaratnas like Kalidasa, Amarasimha, Visakadatta and Dhanvantri.
Question 126
Which among the following dramas was not written by Kalidasa’s?
A
Sakunthalam
B
Malavikagnimitram
C
Mrichchhakatika
D
Vikramaurvashiyam
Question 126 Explanation: 
Kalidasa’s famous dramas are Sakunthalam, Malavikagnimitram and Vikramaurvashiyam. Mrichchhakatika was written by Sudraka.
Question 127
Who among the following wrote the Mudraraksasa and Devichandraguptam?
A
Sudrakas
B
Charaka
C
Visakhadatta
D
Bhavabhuti
Question 127 Explanation: 
The Mudraraksasa and Devichandraguptam was written by Visakhadatta.
Question 128
What was the language spoken by common people in the dramas of Gupta period?
A
Sanskrit
B
Prakrit
C
Pali
D
Tulu
Question 128 Explanation: 
An interesting feature of the dramas of this period is that while the elite spoke in Sanskrit, the common people spoke Prakrit.
Question 129
which of the following Prakrit form is not correctly matched with its region
  1. Suraseni                    –   Pataliputra
  2. Ardh Magadh          –   Awadh
  3. Magadhi                  –   Modern Bihar
A
Only 1
B
Only 3
C
Both 2 and 3
D
Both 1 and 2
Question 129 Explanation: 
In Prakrit, there was patronage outside the court circle. The Gupta age witnessed the evolution of many Prakrit forms such as Suraseni used in Mathura and its vicinity, Ardh Magadhi spoken in Awadh and Bundelkhand and Magadhi in modern Bihar
Question 130
Which is a large Buddhist monastery in the ancient kingdom of Magadha in India?
A
Rohtas
B
Taxila
C
Nalanda
D
Kaimur
Question 130 Explanation: 
Nalanda was an acclaimed Mahavihara, a large Buddhist monastery in the ancient kingdom of Magadha in India.
Question 131
Which among the following statement is incorrect
  1. The highly formalised methods of Vedic learning helped inspire the establishment of large teaching institutions such as Taxila, Nalanda and Vikramashila, which are often characterised as India’s early universities.
  2. Nalanda flourished under the patronage of the Gupta Empire in the fifth and sixth centuries. Harsha, the emperor of Kanauj destroyed Nalanda in battle.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 131 Explanation: 
Nalanda flourished under the patronage of the Gupta Empire in the fifth and sixth centuries and later under Harsha, the emperor of Kanauj. The liberal cultural traditions inherited from the Gupta age resulted in a period of growth and prosperity until the ninth century
Question 132
The Shailendra Dynasty belong to which country?
A
China
B
Tibet
C
Korea
D
Indonesia
Question 132 Explanation: 
At its peak, the Nalanda attracted scholars and students from near and far with some travelling all the way from Tibet, China, Korea and Central Asia. Archaeological findings also confirm the contact with the Shailendra dynasty of Indonesia, one of whose kings built a monastery in the complex.
Question 133
Under whom Nalanda was ransacked and destroyed by an army of the Mamluk dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate?
A
Qutb al din Aibak
B
Alauddin Khalji
C
Bakhtiyar Khalji
D
Malik Kafur
Question 133 Explanation: 
Nalanda was ransacked and destroyed by an army of the Mamluk dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate under Bakhtiyar Khalji in c. 1200 CE. While some sources note that the Mahavihara continued to function in a makeshift fashion for a little longer, it was eventually abandoned and forgotten.
Question 134
In which year systematic excavation unearthed 11 monasteries and 6 brick temples situated on 12 hectares (30 acres) of land?
A
1863
B
1915
C
1953
D
1945
Question 134 Explanation: 
Systematic excavations commenced in 1915, which unearthed 11 monasteries and 6 brick temples situated on 12 hectares (30 acres) of land. A trove of sculptures, coins, seals and inscriptions have also been discovered since then and all of them are on display in the Nalanda Archaeological Museum situated nearby.
Question 135
Which of the following statement is correct
  1. Nalanda is now a notable tourist destination and a part of the Buddhist tourism circuit. Recently, the government of India, in cooperation with UNESCO, has revived this university
  2. Nalanda is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The site is located about ninety-five kilometres southeast of Patna near the town of Bihar Sharif and was a centre of learning from the fifth century CE to c. 1200 CE
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 135 Explanation: 
Nalanda is now a notable tourist destination and a part of the Buddhist tourism circuit. Recently, the government of India, in cooperation with other South and South-east Asian countries, has revived this university.
Question 136
In the Surya Siddanta, who examined the true cause of the solar eclipses?
A
Chanakya
B
Mahavira
C
Varahamihira
D
Aryabhata
Question 136 Explanation: 
In the Surya Siddanta, Aryabhatta (belonging to late fifth and early sixth century CE) examined the true cause of the solar eclipses.
Question 137
Which among the following was wrote by Aryabhata?
A
Brihat Samhita
B
Aryabhattiyam
C
Brahmasphutasiddhanta
D
Lilavati
Question 137 Explanation: 
Aryabhata is also the author of Aryabhattiyam, which deals with arithmetic, geometry and algebra.
Question 138
Who wrote Brihat Samhita an encyclopaedia of astronomy, physical geography, botany and natural history?
A
Chanakya
B
Mahavira
C
Varahamihira
D
Aryabhata
Question 138 Explanation: 
Varahamihira’s Brihat Samhita (sixth century CE) is an encyclopaedia of astronomy, physical geography, botany and natural history.
Question 139
Which of the following statement is correct
  1. The invention of the theory of zero and the consequent evolution of the decimal system are to be credited to the thinkers of this age.
  2. In calculation of the size of the earth, Aryabhata is very close to the modern estimation. He was the first astronomer to discover that the earth rotates on its own axis.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 140
Which among the following is not the book written by Varahamihira?
A
Brihat Samhita
B
Bhrigu Sanghita
C
Panch Siddhantika
D
Brihat Jataka
Question 140 Explanation: 
Varahamihira’s Brihat Samhita (sixth century CE) is an encyclopaedia of astronomy, physical geography, botany and natural history. His other works are Panch Siddhantika and Brihat Jataka.
Question 141
Who is author of important works on mathematics and astronomy, namely Brahmasphuta-siddhanta and Khandakhadyaka?
A
Mahavira
B
Brahmagupta
C
Aryabhata
D
Bhaskara I
Question 141 Explanation: 
Brahmagupta (late sixth and early seventh century CE) is author of important works on mathematics and astronomy, namely Brahmasphuta-siddhanta and Khandakhadyaka.
Question 142
Which was a medical work, which is a manual of recipes, formulation and prescriptions?
A
Brihat Samhita
B
Aryabhattiyam
C
Brahmasphutasiddhanta
D
Navanitakam
Question 142 Explanation: 
Metallic preparations for the purpose of medicine and references to the use of mercury and iron by Varahamihira and others indicate that much progress was made in chemistry. The Navanitakam was a medical work, which is a manual of recipes, formulation and prescriptions.
Question 143
Who was the author of Hastyayurveda during Gupta period?
A
Palakapya
B
Bhaskara II
C
Mahavira
D
Varahamihara
Question 143 Explanation: 
Hastyayurveda or the veterinary science authored by Palakapya attests to the advances made in medical science during the Gupta period.
Question 144
The royal share of merchandise brought into a town or harbour by merchants is known as ___________
A
Bhaga
B
Hiranya
C
Upakilpa
D
Sulka
Question 144 Explanation: 
The royal share of merchandise brought into a town or harbour by merchants is known as Sulka. Hence it can be equated with the customs and tolls.
Question 145
The tax for the maintenance of police stations or a water tax is known as what?
A
Kara
B
Udianga
C
Upakilpa
D
Klipta
Question 145 Explanation: 
Udianga - Either a sort of police tax for the maintenance of police stations or a water tax. Hence, it was also an extra tax.
Question 146
Which among the following tax payable on gold coins, but in practice, it was probably the king’s share of certain crops paid in kind?
A
Kara
B
Bali
C
Hiranya
D
Halivakara
Question 146 Explanation: 
Hiranya - Literally, it means tax payable on gold coins, but in practice, it was probably the king’s share of certain crops paid in kind.
Question 147
Which among the following is the tax for maintenance of rites for the winds and the spirits?
A
Hiranya
B
Vata – Bhuta
C
Halivakara
D
Sulka
Question 147 Explanation: 
Vata-Bhuta - Different kinds of cess for maintenance of rites for the winds (vata) and the spirits (bhuta).
Question 148
Which of the following statement is correct
  1. The last recognised king of the Gupta line was Skanda Gupta who reigned from 540 to 550 CE. Internal fighting and dissensions among the royal family led to its collapse.
  2. During the reign of a Gupta king, Budhagupta, the Vakataka ruler Narendrasena of western Deccan, attacked Malwa, Mekala and Kosala.
A
Only 1
B
Only 2
C
Both 1 and 2
D
None
Question 148 Explanation: 
The last recognised king of the Gupta line was Vishnugupta who reigned from 540 to 550 CE. Internal fighting and dissensions among the royal family led to its collapse.
Question 149
Which Vakataka king conquered Malwa and Gujarat from the Guptas?
A
Vindhyashakti
B
Pravarasena I
C
Harishena
D
Narendrasena
Question 149 Explanation: 
Vakataka king Harishena conquered Malwa and Gujarat from the Guptas.
Question 150
Who was grandson of Chandragupta II, successful in repulsing the Huns?
A
Kumara Gupta
B
Skanda Gupta
C
Vishnugupta
D
Buddhagupta
Question 150 Explanation: 
During Skanda Gupta’s reign, the grandson of Chandragupta II, the Huns invaded northwest India. He was successful in repulsing the Huns, but consequently his empire was drained of financial resources.
Question 151
In sixth century which of the following region was not occupied by Huns?
A
Malwa
B
Gujarat
C
Pataliputra
D
Punjab
Question 151 Explanation: 
In the sixth century CE, the Huns occupied Malwa, Gujarat, Punjab and Gandhara.
Question 152
As the Hun invasion weakened the Gupta hold in which among the following region independent rulers didn’t emerge?
A
Malwa
B
Magadha
C
Uttar Pradesh
D
Saurashtras
Question 152 Explanation: 
As the Hun invasion weakened the Gupta hold in the country, independent rulers emerged all over the north like Yasodharman of Malwa, the Maukharis of Uttar Pradesh, the Maitrakas in Saurashtra and others in Bengal. In time, the Gupta Empire came to be restricted to only Magadha.
Question 153
Who was the founder of Gupta dynasty?
A
Chandragupta I
B
Sri Gupta
C
Buddhagupta
D
Kumara Gupta
Question 153 Explanation: 
Sri Gupta was the founder of Gupta Dynasty.
Question 154
Who was the rulers before the Gupta kingdom emerged as a great power?
A
Nanda Dynasty
B
Pallava Dynasty
C
Mahajanapada
D
Maurya Dynasty
Question 154 Explanation: 
After the Mauryan Empire, the Gupta kingdom emerged as a great power
Question 155
Match the following List I with List II and choose correct answer
  • List I                                      List II
  • Authors                                Books
  1. Kalidasa                              1. Aryabhattiyam
  2. Varahamihira                    2. Panch Siddhantika
  3. Aryabhata                           3. Ashtadhyayi
  4. Sudraka                               4. Mrichchhakatika
  5. Panini                                   5. Sakunthalam
A
2 – 4 – 1 – 5 – 3
B
4 – 1 – 2 – 3 – 5
C
5 – 2 – 1 – 4 – 3
D
3 – 4 – 1 – 5 – 2
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