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Elections, Political Parties and Pressure Groups Book Back Questions 9th Social Science Lesson 21

9th Social Science Lesson 21

21] Elections, Political Parties and Pressure Groups

Book Back Questions with Answer and Do You Know Box Content

Do You Know?

Kudavolai was the system of voting followed during the Chola period in Tamil Nadu.

We celebrate National Voters Day on 25th January in India.

Voters verified Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) is the way forward to enhance credibility and transparency of the election process. This system was first introduced in the 2014 General Election.

NOTA was first introduced in the General Elections held in 2014. India is the 14th country in the world to introduce NOTA.

How is the President of India elected? The President of India is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of: 1. The elected members of both Houses of Parliament; 2. The elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of all the states and Union territories in India.

NOTE: The members nominated to either House Parliament or the Legislative Assemblies of states are not eligible to be included in the Electoral College.

Examples for Pressure Groups: 1. Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) ; 2. All India trade union congress (AITUC) ; 3. All India Kisan Sabha; 4. Indian Medical Association (IMA) ; 5. All India Students Federation (AISF) ; 6. All India Sikh Students Federation; 7. Young Badaga Association; 8. Tamil Sangam; 9.Tamil Nadu Vivasayigal Sangam; 10. Narmada Bachao Adolan.

Choose the best answers:

1. India has adapted the electoral system followed in the

(a) USA

(b) United Kingdom

(c) Canada

(d) Russia

2. The Election Commission of India is a/an

(a) Independent body

(b) Statutory body

(c) Private body

(d) Public corporation

3. Which Article of the Constitution provides for an Election Commission?

(a) Article 280

(b) Article 315

(c) Article 324

(d) Article 325

4. Which part of the constitution of India says about the election commission?

(a) Part III

(b) Part XV

(c) Part XX

(d) Part XXII

5. Who accords recognition to various political parties as national or regional parties?

(a) The President

(b) The Election Commission

(c) The Parliament

(d) The President in consultation with the Election Commission

6. Assertion (A): Indian Constitution provides for an independent Election Commission.

Reason (R): To ensure free and fair elections in the country.

(a) Both A and R are true and R explains A

(b) Both A and R are true and R does not explain A

(c) A is correct and R is false

(d) A is false and R is true

7. NOTA was introduced in the year

(a) 2012

(b) 2013

(c) 2014

(d) 2015

8. The term pressure groups originated in _____________

(a) USA

(b) UK

(c) USSR

(d) India

9. Assertion (A): A large number of pressure groups exist in India.

Reason (R): Pressure Groups are not developed in India to the same extent as in the USA.

(a) Both A and R are true and R explains A

(b) Both A and R are true and R does not explain A

(c) A is correct and R is false

(d) A is false and R is true

Fill in the blanks:

1. The Election Commission of India is a body of ____________ members.

2. National Voters Day has been celebrated on ____________

3. In India _____________ party system is followed.

4. In 2017, there were ___________ recognised national parties.

5. Narmada Bachao Andolan is a _______________

Match the following:

1. National party – Trade unions

2. Single-party system – USA

3. Two-party system – China

4. Pressure groups – Seven

Answers:

Choose the correct answer:

1. United Kingdom 2. Independent 3. Article 324 4. Part XV 5. The Election Commission 6. Both A and R are true and R explains A 7. 2014 8.USA 9. Both A and R are true and R does not explain A

Fill in the blanks:

1. Three 2. January 25 3. Multi 4. Seven 5. Pressure Group

Match the following:

1. Seven 2. China 3. USA 4. Trade Unions

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