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Road Safety Notes 9th Social Science

Road Safety Notes 9th Social Science

9th Social Science Lesson 16 Notes in English

16. Road Safety

  • Road accident refers to any accident involving at least a vehicle, occurring on a road open to public transport, and in which at least one person is injured or killed.
  • Intentional acts (murder, suicide) and natural disasters are excluded from road accidents.
  • Road accidents are the leading cause of death by injury and the tenth-leading cause of all deaths globally.
  • An estimated 1.2 million people are killed in road crashes each year, and as many as 50 million people are injured.

How different factors contribute to road accidents:

Drivers:

Over-speeding, rash driving, violation of rules, failure to understand signs, fatigue, alcohol

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Pedestrians:

Carelessness, illiteracy, crossing at wrong places, jaywalkers

Passengers:

Projecting their body parts outside vehicles, talking to drivers, alighting and boarding vehicles from the wrong side, travelling on footboards, catching a running bus etc.

Vehicles: 

Failure of brakes or steering, tyre burst, insufficient headlights, overloading Road Conditions:  Potholes, damaged roads, eroded roads merging of rural roads with highways and illegal speed breakers

Weather conditions: 

Fog, snow, heavy rainfall, wind storms, hail storms.

Direct Consequences of Accidents:

1. Fatality (Death)

2. Injury

3. Damage to Property

Preventive measures for accidents:

1. Education and awareness about road safety

2. Strict enforcement of law

3. Engineering: (a) Vehicle design (b) Road infrastructure

Rules to Ensure Road Safety for children

It is important for children to know about road safety rules and regulations. Here are a few basic road safety rules for children:

1. Know Your Signals

2. Stop, Look and Cross

3. Pay Attention – Listen 4. Don’t Run On Roads

5. Always Use Sidewalks

6. Never Stick Hands outside the Vehicle

7. Never Cross Road at Bends

8. Don’t Rush.

More to Know:

1. With over 1,30,000 deaths annually India has the worst road accident rate worldwide.

2. The chances of death by accident can be decreased by 51% with the proper use of seat belt.

3. Every three minutes a child is killed in an accident in the world. The main causes of death by road accidents include

1. Drunk and drive (40%), speeding (24%), car boom in India (16%), inefficient law enforcement (15%) and less use of helmets and seat belts (5%)

2. Distractions to Driver

3. Red Light Jumping

4. Overtaking in a wrong manner

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